Governorate of Paraguay

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Governorate of Paraguay
Gobernación del Paraguay
Governorate of the Viceroyalty of Peru

Part of the Spanish Empire

1617–1782


Cross of Burgundy (Flag of the Viceroyalty of Peru)

Capital Asunción
Languages Spanish, Guaraní
Religion Roman Catholic
Political structure Governorate
Historical era Spanish Empire
 -  Created from the split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay December 16, 1617
 -  Merged into the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata 1782

The Governorate of Paraguay (Spanish: Gobernación del Paraguay), originally called the Governorate of Guayrá, was a governorate of the Spanish Empire and part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Its seat was the city of Asunción; its territory roughly encompassed the modern day country of Paraguay. The Governorate was created in December 16, 1617 by the royal decree of King Philip III as a split of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and of Paraguay into its respective halves. The Governorate lasted until 1782, after which the massive Viceroyalty of Peru was split, and Paraguay became an intendency (intendencia) of the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.

List of governors of Paraguay[edit]

Governor of Paraguay[1] Start of rule End of rule King of Spain
Hernando Arias de Saavedra 1615 1617 Philip III
Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza 1618 1621
Manuel de Frías 21 October 1621 1627 Philip IV
Luis de Céspedes García Xería 1630 1633
Martín de Ledesma Valderrama 1633 1636
Pedro Lugo de Navarra 1636 1641
Juan de Velasco Villasanti 1641 27 June 1641
Gregorio de Hinestrosa 27 June 1641 2 February 1647
Diego de Escobar y Osorio 2 February 1647 26 February 1649
Bernardino de Cárdenas 4 March 1649 1 October 1649
Sebastián de León y Zárate 1 October 1649 10 October 1650
Andrés Garabito de León 10 October 1650 26 July 1653
Cristóbal de Garay y Saavedra 26 July 1653 21 September 1656
Juan Antonio Blázquez de Valverde 21 September 1656 24 September 1659
Alonso Sarmiento de Sotomayor y Figueroa 24 September 1659 25 August 1662
Juan Diez de Andino 25 August 1662 13 April 1671 Charles II
Francisco Rege Corvalán 13 April 1671 1676
Diego Ibáñez de Farías 1676 1681
Juan Diez de Andino 7 October 1681 August 1684
Antonio de Vera Mujica 18 October 1684 30 October 1684
Alonso Fernández Marcial 30 October 1684 30 October 1685
Francisco de Monfort 30 October 1685 2 August 1691
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 22 October 1692 4 December 1696
Juan Rodríguez Cota 4 December 1696 27 June 1702 Philip V
Antonio de Escobar y Gutiérrez 27 June 1702 1705
José Ávalos de Mendoza 1705 26 September 1705
Sebastián Félix de Mendiola 26 September 1705 9 February 1706
Baltazar García Ros 9 February 1706 10 October 1707
Manuel de Robles Lorenzana 10 October 1707 5 June 1713
Juan Gregorio Bazán de Pedraza 5 June 1713 23 January 1717
Andrés Ortiz de Ocampo 23 January 1717 5 February 1717
Diego de los Reyes Balmaseda 5 February 1717 20 August 1721
José de Antequera y Castro 14 September 1721 5 March 1725
Ramón de las Llanas 5 March 1725 29 April 1725
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 29 April 1725 4 May 1725
Martín de Barúa 4 May 1725 28 December 1730
Ignacio de Soroeta 28 December 1730 25 January 1731
Vacant after Soroeta's rejection and the Revolt of the Comuneros.[2] The comuneros established a Junta Gubernativa presided over by:
* José Luis Bareiro (1731)
* Miguel de Garay (1731-1732)
* Antonio Ruiz de Arellano (1732-1733)
25 January 1731 27 July 1733
Agustín de Ruyloba 27 July 1733 14 September 1733
Juan de Arregui y Gutiérrez 27 September 1733 9 December 1733
Cristóbal Domínguez de Ovelar 9 December 1733 1735
Bruno Mauricio de Zabala 30 March 1735 1735
José Martín de Echauri 1735 7 November 1740
Rafael de la Moneda 7 November 1740 August 1747
Marcos José Larrazábal August 1747 10 November 1749 Charles III
Jaime Sanjust 10 November 1749 2 April 1761
José Martínez Fontes 2 April 1761 23 July 1764
Fulgencio Yegros y Ledesma 23 July 1764 29 September 1766
Carlos Morphi 29 September 1766 23 August 1772
Agustín Fernando de Pinedo 23 August 1772 1 February 1778
Pedro Melo de Portugal 1 February 1778 21 August 1787

References[edit]