Governorates of Bahrain
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
|Map||Governorate||Population (2008)||Area (km2)|
|1. Capital Governorate||290,182||38|
|2. Central Governorate||303,918||85|
|3. Muharraq Governorate||169,299||56|
|4. Northern Governorate||251,660||141|
|5. Southern Governorate||91,450||438|
The first municipality in Bahrain was the 8-member Manama municipality which was established in July 1919. Members of the municipality were elected annually; the municipality was said to have been the first municipality to be established in the Arab world. The municipality was in charge of cleaning roads and renting buildings to tenants and shops. By 1929, it undertook road expansions as well as opening markets and slaughterhouses. In 1958, the municipality started water purification projects. In 1960, Bahrain comprised four municipalities including Manama, Hidd, Al Muharraq, and Riffa. Over the next 30 years, the 4 municipalities were divided into 12 municipalities as settlements such as Hamad Town and Isa Town grew. These municipalities were administered from Manama under a central municipal council whose members are appointed by the king.
The first municipal elections to be held in Bahrain after independence in 1971, was in 2002. The most recent was in 2010.
A specific number of adjacent city blocks are grouped together to form an area (listed as area 1, area 2 etc.). Each of these areas forms a constituency in the country's electorate. Every four years, elections are held in these constituencies, with each constituency electing its own MP. The most recent election was in the Bahraini parliamentary by-election in 2011.
Each governorate also has its own municipality council, with separate elections for them.
- "History of Municipalities". Ministry of Municipalities Affairs and Urban Planning – Kingdom of Bahrain. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "Governorates of Bahrain". Statoids. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "Bahrain Government". Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Bahrain to the United Nations. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "Three Polls, Three Different Approaches". The Estimate. 17 May 2002. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.