Governorates of Egypt
Egypt is divided for administrative purposes into 27 governorates (محافظة muḥāfaẓa, plural Arabic: محافظات muḥāfaẓāt). Egyptian governorates are the top tier of the country's five-tier jurisdiction hierarchy. A governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion. Most governorates have a population density of more than one thousand per km², while the 3 largest have a population density of less than two per km².
Governorates are either fully "urban" or else an admixture of "urban" and "rural". The official distinction between "urban" and "rural" is reflected in the lower tiers: i.e. fully urban governorates have no regions (markaz), as the markaz is, natively, a conglomeration of villages. Moreover, governorates may comprise just one city, as in the case of Cairo or Alexandria. Hence, these one-city governorates are only divided into districts (urban neighborhoods). Cairo consists of 23 districts; Alexandria consists of 6.
Non-urban Governorates in Upper Egypt and along the Suez Canal are all named after their capitals, while governorates in the Nile Delta and the deserts tend to have names different from their capitals (Kafr el-Sheikh, Damietta, and Matruh Governorates being exceptions).
Two new governorates were created in April 2008; namely, Helwan and 6th of October. In April 2011, the 6th of October and Helwan governorates were again incorporated into the Giza and Cairo Governorates, respectively. Luxor was created in December 2009, to be the 29th governorate of Egypt, but with the abolition of the 6th of October and Helwan governorates, the number of governorates has decreased to 27.
List of the Egyptian governorates 
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Politics and government of
|Nr. (key)||Name||Area (km²)||Population (2006-11-11)||Population (2012-01-01)||Capital|
|5||Beni Suef||10,954||2,291,618||2,597,000||Beni Suef|
|13||Kafr el-Sheikh||3,467||2,620,208||2,940,000||Kafr el-Sheikh|
|19||Port Said||1,345||citation needed]570,603[||citation needed]628,000[||Port Said|
The governorates are further divided into regions (markazes).
See also 
- List of Egyptian cities
- Subdivisions of Egypt
- List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area
- ISO 3166-2:EG
- Reem Leila. "Redrawing the map". Al Ahram Weekly (On-line). Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- "Luxor announced Egypt’s 29th governorate". Retrieved 2009-12-08.[dead link]
- [Central Agency for Public Mobilization And Statistics 2011 and 2012] ( CAPMAS ) ]
- Census 2006 area and population data
- Population and area data
- Egyptian Government Services Portal, Arabic and English
- History of administrative divisions in Egypt since the French Invasion (in Arabic)