Governors of British Ceylon

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Governor of British Ceylon
Former political post
Governor Ceylon.gif
Flag of Governor of Ceylon
5thEarlOfGuilford.jpg
Predecessor Governor of Zeylan
Successor Governor-General of Ceylon
First officeholder Patrick Alexander Agnew
as Military Governor
Last officeholder Henry Monck-Mason Moore
Style His/Her Excellency
Official residence Government House
Appointer Monarch of the United Kingdom
Office began Aug 1795
Office ended 4 February 1948

The British Governor of Ceylon was an official who ruled British Ceylon during the British colonial period between 1798 and 1948.

Upon the end of British rule and the creation of Dominion of Ceylon in 1948, this office was replaced by the Governor-General, who represented the British Monarch and not the Government of the United Kingdom as did the Governor. The office of Governor-General was itself abolished in 1972 and replace by the post of President when Sri Lanka became a Republic.

The Governor[edit]

The Governor, appointed by the British monarch (on the advice of the prime minister), maintained executive power in Ceylon throughout British rule. He was head of the executive council and the pre-independence government of Ceylon.

The Governor was the most powerful official in Ceylon and only during World War II when Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Ceylon with power exceeding the Governor. The Governor was the ex-offico Chancellor of the University of Ceylon.

List of Governors[edit]

     Acting Governor
# Portrait Name Birth Death Governor From Governor Until Sovereign
Military Governors (1795–1798)
1 Patrick Alexander Agnew
(in Trincomalee)
1765 1813 August 1795 1 March 1796 George III
2 James Stuart - - 1 March 1796 1 January 1797 George III
3 Welbore Ellis Doyle 1758 1797 1 January 1797 2 July 1797 George III
4 Peter Bonnevaux c.1752 1797 2 July 1797 12 July 1797 George III
5 Pierre Frédéric de Meuron 1788 1813 12 July 1797 12 October 1798 George III
Resident and Superintendent (1796-1798)
1 Robert Andrews - - 12 February 1796 12 October 1798 George III
Governors (1798–1948)
1 5thEarlOfGuilford.jpg Frederick North 7 February 1766 14 October 1827 12 October 1798 19 July 1805 George III
2 Maitland and Louverture.jpg Thomas Maitland 1759 1824 19 July 1805 19 March 1811 George III
John Wilson 1780 1856 19 March 1811 11 March 1812 George III
3 Robert Brownrigg 1759 27 April 1833 11 March 1812 1 February 1820 George III
Sir Edward Barnes by William Salter.jpg Edward Barnes 1776 19 March 1838 1 February 1820 2 February 1822 George III
George IV
4 Edward Paget 3 November 1775 13 May 1849 2 February 1822 6 November 1822 George IV
James Campbell - - 6 November 1822 18 January 1824 George IV
5 Sir Edward Barnes by William Salter.jpg Edward Barnes 1776 19 March 1838 18 January 1824 13 October 1831 George IV
William IV
John Wilson 1780 1856 13 October 1831 23 October 1831 William IV
6 SirRobertWilmotHorton.jpg Robert Wilmot-Horton 21 December 1784 31 May 1841 23 October 1831 7 November 1837 William IV
Queen Victoria
7 James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie 23 September 1784 24 September 1843 7 November 1837 15 April 1841 Queen Victoria
8 Colin Campbell 1776 13 June 1847 15 April 1841 19 April 1847 Queen Victoria
JamesEmersonTennent..jpg James Emerson Tennent 7 April 1804 6 March 1869 19 April 1847 29 May 1847 Queen Victoria
9 George Byng, Vanity Fair, 1876-04-15.jpg The Viscount Torrington 9 September 1812 27 April 1884 29 May 1847 18 October 1850 Queen Victoria
Charles Justin MacCarthy 1820 1864 18 October 1850 27 November 1850 Queen Victoria
10 George William Anderson 1791 12 March 1857 27 November 1850 18 January 1855 Queen Victoria
Charles Justin MacCarthy 1820 1864 18 January 1855 11 May 1855 Queen Victoria
11 Henry George Ward.jpg Henry George Ward 1797 1860 11 May 1855 30 June 1860 Queen Victoria
Henry Frederick Lockyer 1797 1860 30 June 1860 30 July 1860 Queen Victoria
Charles Edmund Wilkinson 1807 1870 30 July 1860 22 October 1860 Queen Victoria
12 Charles Justin MacCarthy 1820 1864 22 October 1860 1 December 1863 Queen Victoria
Terence O'Brien - - 1 December 1863 21 March 1865 Queen Victoria
LordRosmead.jpg Hercules Robinson 19 December 1824 28 October 1897 21 March 1865 16 May 1865 Queen Victoria
13 LordRosmead.jpg Hercules Robinson 19 December 1824 28 October 1897 16 May 1865 4 January 1872 Queen Victoria
Henry Turner Irving 1833 1923 4 January 1872 4 March 1872 Queen Victoria
14 William Henry Gregory Vanity Fair 30 December 1871.jpg William Henry Gregory 12 July 1817 6 March 1892 4 March 1872 4 September 1877 Queen Victoria
15 James Robert Longden.png James Robert Longden 1827 9 October 1891 4 September 1877 10 July 1883 Queen Victoria
John Douglas 1835 - 10 July 1883 3 December 1883 Queen Victoria
16 Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon.jpg Arthur Hamilton-Gordon 26 November 1829 30 January 1912 3 December 1883 28 May 1890 Queen Victoria
17 Arthur Havelock.jpg Arthur Elibank Havelock 21 February 1844 25 June 1908 28 May 1890 24 October 1895 Queen Victoria
Edward Noël Walker 1842 1908 24 October 1895 10 February 1896 Queen Victoria
18 Joseph West Ridgeway 16 May 1844 16 April 1930 10 February 1896 19 November 1903 Queen Victoria
Edward VII
Everard F. im Thurn 1852 9 October 1932 19 November 1903 3 December 1903 Edward VII
19 Henry Arthur Blake.jpg Henry Arthur Blake 8 January 1840 13 February 1918 3 December 1903 11 July 1907 Edward VII
Hugh Charles Clifford (The Straits Times, 15 October 1929).jpg Hugh Clifford 5 March 1866 18 December 1941 11 July 1907 24 August 1907 Edward VII
20 Henry Edward McCallum 28 October 1852 24 November 1919 24 August 1907 24 January 1913 Edward VII
George V
SirReginaldStubbs.jpg Reginald Edward Stubbs 13 October 1876 7 December 1947 24 January 1913 18 October 1913 George V
21 1stLordChalmers.jpg Robert Chalmers 18 August 1858 17 November 1938 18 October 1913 4 December 1915 George V
SirReginaldStubbs.jpg Reginald Edward Stubbs 13 October 1876 7 December 1947 4 December 1915 15 April 1916 George V
22 Sir john anderson.gif John Anderson 23 June 1858 24 March 1918 15 April 1916 24 March 1918 George V
SirReginaldStubbs.jpg Reginald Edward Stubbs 13 October 1876 7 December 1947 24 March 1918 10 September 1918 George V
23 William Henry Manning 19 July 1863 1 January 1932 10 September 1918 1 April 1925 George V
SIRCECILCLEMENTIHKU.jpg Cecil Clementi 1 September 1875 5 April 1947 1 April 1925 18 October 1925 George V
Edward Bruce Alexander 1872 1955 18 October 1925 30 November 1925 George V
24 Hugh Charles Clifford (The Straits Times, 15 October 1929).jpg Hugh Clifford 5 March 1866 18 December 1941 30 November 1925 June 1927 George V
Arthur George Murchison Fletcher 1878 1954 June 1927 20 August 1928 George V
25 Sir Herbert James Stanley.jpg Herbert Stanley 25 July 1872 5 June 1955 20 August 1928 11 February 1931 George V
Sir Bernard Henry Bourdillon.png Bernard Henry Bourdillon 3 December 1883 6 February 1948 11 February 1931 11 April 1931 George V
26 Graeme Thomson 1875 1933 11 April 1931 20 September 1933 George V
Graeme Tyrrell 1876 1964 20 September 1933 23 December 1933 George V
27 SirReginaldStubbs.jpg Reginald Edward Stubbs 13 October 1876 7 December 1947 23 December 1933 30 June 1937 George V
Edward VIII
George VI
Maxwell MacLagan Wedderburn 1883 1953 30 June 1937 16 October 1937 George VI
28 Andrew Caldecott.gif Andrew Caldecott 26 October 1884 14 July 1951 16 October 1937 19 September 1944 George VI
29 Henry Monck-Mason Moore 1887 1964 19 September 1944 4 February 1948 George VI

See also[edit]

References[edit]