List of Governors of New Mexico
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Twenty-seven individuals have held the office of governor of New Mexico since the state's admission to the Union in 1912, two of whom—Edwin L. Mechem and Bruce King—served three non-consecutive terms. William C. McDonald, the first governor, took office on January 6, 1912. The current officeholder is Susana Martinez, who took office on January 1, 2011, as the first elected female governor of the state. Governors are limited to two consecutive terms but a former governor is eligible for re-election after an intervening governor's term expires.
Governors under U.S. military rule
In 1846 the U.S. Army under Stephen W. Kearny invaded and occupied New Mexico. Military governors at times were assisted by civilian governors. The military governors were:
|Governor||Took office||Left office||Notes|
|General Stephen W. Kearny||August 1846||September 1847||Military|
|Colonel Sterling Price||September 1847||October 1848||Military|
|Lieutenant Colonel John M. Washington||October 1848||October 1849||Military and civilian.|
|Colonel John Munroe||October 1849||March 1851||Military and civilian|
Civilian governors were:
|Governor||Took office||Left office||Notes|
|Charles Bent||September 1846||January 1847||Assassinated in Taos on January 19, 1847.|
|Donaciano Vigil||January 1847||October 1848||Acting to December 1847|
|Henry Connelly||June 1850||September 1850||Elected under the "State" constitution, which was nullified by the Compromise of 1850.
Prevented from assuming power by John Munroe.
Governors of the Territory of New Mexico
In 1850 New Mexico was organized as a Territory, and James S. Calhoun was appointed the first governor.
Governors of the State of New Mexico
|#||Image||Governor||Took office||Left office||Party||Notes|
|1||William C. McDonald||January 6, 1912||January 1, 1917||Democratic|
|2||Ezequiel C. de Baca||January 1, 1917||February 28, 1917||Democratic||[note 5]|
|3||Washington E. Lindsey||February 28, 1917||January 1, 1919||Republican||[note 6]|
|4||Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo||January 1, 1919||January 1, 1921||Republican|
|5||Merritt C. Mechem||January 1, 1921||January 1, 1923||Republican|
|6||James F. Hinkle||January 1, 1923||January 1, 1925||Democratic|
|7||Arthur T. Hannett||January 1, 1925||January 1, 1927||Democratic|
|8||Richard C. Dillon||January 1, 1927||January 1, 1931||Republican|
|9||Arthur Seligman||January 1, 1931||September 25, 1933||Democratic||[note 5]|
|10||Andrew W. Hockenhull||September 25, 1933||January 1, 1935||Democratic||[note 6]|
|11||Clyde Tingley||January 1, 1935||January 1, 1939||Democratic|
|12||John E. Miles||January 1, 1939||January 1, 1943||Democratic|
|13||John J. Dempsey||January 1, 1943||January 1, 1947||Democratic|
|14||Thomas J. Mabry||January 1, 1947||January 1, 1951||Democratic|
|15||Edwin L. Mechem (1912-2002)||January 1, 1951||January 1, 1955||Republican|
|16||John F. Simms||January 1, 1955||January 1, 1957||Democratic|
|17||Edwin L. Mechem (1912-2002)||January 1, 1957||January 1, 1959||Republican|
|18||John Burroughs||January 1, 1959||January 1, 1961||Democratic|
|19||Edwin L. Mechem (1912-2002)||January 1, 1961||November 30, 1962||Republican||[note 7]|
|20||Tom Bolack (1919-1998)||November 30, 1962||January 1, 1963||Republican||[note 6]|
|21||Jack M. Campbell (1916-1999)||January 1, 1963||January 1, 1967||Democratic|
|22||David Cargo (1929-2013)||January 1, 1967||January 1, 1971||Republican|
|23||Bruce King (1924-2009)||January 1, 1971||January 1, 1975||Democratic|
|24||Jerry Apodaca (1934-)||January 1, 1975||January 1, 1979||Democratic|
|25||Bruce King (1924-2009)||January 1, 1979||January 1, 1983||Democratic|
|26||Toney Anaya (1941- )||January 1, 1983||January 1, 1987||Democratic|
|27||Garrey Carruthers (1939- )||January 1, 1987||January 1, 1991||Republican|
|28||Bruce King (1924-2009)||January 1, 1991||January 1, 1995||Democratic|
|29||Gary Johnson (1953- )||January 1, 1995||January 1, 2003||Republican|
|30||Bill Richardson (1947- )||January 1, 2003||January 1, 2011||Democratic|
|31||Susana Martínez (1959- )||January 1, 2011||Incumbent||Republican||[note 8]
- James Calhoun resigned in 1852 to return to his native state of Georgia
- The territory broke into two, and then three during Connelly's tenure due to the civil war and administrative problems (see: Arizona Territory and Arizona Territory (CSA))
- Samuel Axtell was suspended by the Secretary of the Interior for misconduct in 1878.
- George Curry resigned in 1910 to be a framer in the New Mexico Constitutional Convention.
- Died in office.
- As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
- Resigned to be appointed to the United States Senate by his successor.
- Governor Susana Martínez's first term expires on January 1, 2015; she is not yet term limited.
- Governor Susana Martínez is the first elected female governor of the state.
Other high offices held
This is a table of the higher federal offices and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators represented New Mexico. * denotes offices that the governor resigned to take.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Higher offices held|
|Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo||1919–1921||U.S. Senator|
|John E. Miles||1939–1943||U.S. Representative|
|John J. Dempsey||1943–1947||U.S. Representative|
|Edwin L. Mechem||1951–1955
|Bill Richardson||2003–2011||U.S. Representative, U.S. Secretary of Energy, Ambassador to the United Nations|
Living former governors
As of August 2014[update], five former governors were alive, the oldest being Jerry Apodaca (1975–1979, born 1934). The most recent governor to die was David Cargo (1967–1971), who died on July 5, 2013. The most recently serving governor to die was Bruce King (1971–1975, 1979–1983, 1991–1995), who died on November 13, 2009.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Date of birth|
|Jerry Apodaca||1975–1979||October 3, 1934|
|Toney Anaya||1983–1987||April 29, 1941|
|Garrey Carruthers||1987–1991||August 29, 1939|
|Gary Johnson||1995–2003||January 1, 1953|
|Bill Richardson||2003–2011||November 15, 1947|
- Table only includes state governors; 26 people have served as governor, two thrice; the table includes these non-consecutive terms as well.
- Simmons, Marc (November 25, 2011). "Colonel left little mark as governorTrail Dust". The New Mexican. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- Clay, Henry; Hay, Melba Porter (1991-03-14). The Papers of Henry Clay. Volume 10: Candidate, Compromiser, Elder Statesman, January 1, 1844-June 29, 1852. University Press of Kentucky. p. 730. ISBN 978-0-8131-0060-9. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- Wroth, Wiliam H. (2012). "Bent, Charles". New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- Weber, David J. (2012). "Vigil, Donaciano". New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- State of New Mexico (July 2012). Kathryn A. Flynn, ed. 2012 Centennial Blue Book. Diana J. Duran. Office of the New Mexico Secretary of State. p. 210.
- State of New Mexico (July 2012). Kathryn A. Flynn, ed. 2012 Centennial Blue Book. Diana J. Duran. Office of the New Mexico Secretary of State. pp. 211–212.