|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009)|
The Mule performing in 2008: L to R, Haynes, Abts, Hess, Louis
|Genres||Southern rock, blues-rock, hard rock, jam band|
|Labels||Relativity, Foundation, Capricorn, ATO, Evil Teen|
|Associated acts||The Allman Brothers Band, Blue Floyd, Phil Lesh and Friends, Planet of the Abts, The Dead|
|Past members||Allen Woody
Gov't Mule (pronounced Government Mule) is a Southern rock jam band, formed in 1994 as a side project of The Allman Brothers Band by guitarist Warren Haynes and bassist Allen Woody. In the same way that The Grateful Dead were often referred to colloquially as "The Dead", Gov't Mule are often referred to as The Mule.
The band released their debut album Gov't Mule in 1995, and have since released an additional nine studio albums, plus numerous EPs and live releases. Gov't Mule has become a staple act at music festivals across North America, with both its members and frequent guests boasting members from other notable bands, adding various funk and blues rock elements to the band's sound.
|This section requires expansion with: More on critical reception; Collaborations and guest appearances (e.g. Hempilation, Hound Dog Taylor - A Tribute, Welcome to Little Milton, the John Scofield sessions). (June 2013)|
When The Allman Brothers Band reformed in 1989, partially in response to the popularity of their Dreams box set, Warren Haynes was added as a permanent lead guitarist and vocalist, and Allen Woody was recruited as bass guitarist. The two shared a love for 1960s power trios which include Cream, The Jimi Hendrix Experience, the James Gang and Mountain. Haynes, Woody, and drummer Matt Abts, who played with Haynes in Dickey Betts' band, came together as Gov't Mule during Allman Brothers breaks. They released their debut album Gov't Mule, produced by Michael Barbiero, in 1995. Live from Roseland Ballroom was released in 1996, consisting of their 1995 New Year's Eve set opening for Blues Traveler.
When The Allman Brothers Band were not forthcoming with any new material, Haynes and Woody left to concentrate full-time on Gov't Mule in 1997. Their second studio effort, Dose, also produced by Barbiero, was released in early 1998. They were joined by members of the Allman Brothers, the Black Crowes, Parliament/Funkadelic and The Derek Trucks Band for their 1998 New Year's Eve concert, released both in a two and four CD version as Live... With a Little Help from Our Friends. The performances exposed some of the bands' influences, covering Neil Young, Free, Traffic, Jimi Hendrix, Little Feat, Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, and Black Sabbath.
|This section requires expansion with: Danny Louis's prior association with Warren Haynes and how that factored into his becoming a band member. (October 2013)|
In February 2000, the band released Life Before Insanity, to critical praise, and although the band had already experienced previous successes, they anticipated a greater commercial success with this album. Unfortunately, Allen Woody was found dead in New York City in August of that year. On September 21, 2000 a benefit concert was organized called "One for Woody", with the proceeds going to Woody's daughter, Savannah Woody, intended for her education. The Allman Brothers, The Black Crowes, Phil Lesh and Friends, Jimmy Herring, Edwin McCain and several more of Woody's friends also performed at the concert. Haynes and Abts continued to do limited touring in the Fall of 2000 supporting Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals as an homage to Woody. Their subsequent "Smile at Half Mast Tour" that followed was named in reference to a poem Haynes wrote for Woody's funeral.
At the "One for Woody" performance and subsequently at other shows, Haynes began appearing with The Allman Brothers Band again. With Dickey Betts' departure from the Allmans, Haynes came back full-time to the band at the beginning of 2001 and has continued splitting his time between the Allman Brothers, Gov't Mule and for a period Phil Lesh and Friends and other re-formed Grateful Dead bands.
The next year, Barbiero, Haynes and Abts began to record a tribute album. using some of Woody's favorite bass players. These sessions resulted in two CDs The Deep End, Volume 1 (2001) and The Deep End, Volume 2 (2002). A documentary of the recording sessions was also made by Phish bassist Mike Gordon called Rising Low. Bass contributions to the CDs came from Jack Bruce, formerly of Cream, John Entwistle of The Who, Mike Watt of Minutemen, Les Claypool of Primus, Flea of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Chris Squire of Yes and Stefan Lessard of Dave Matthews Band among others.
A revolving door of keyboardists and bassists were used to fulfill touring engagements in support of the Deep End recordings. Keyboardists included Chuck Leavell, Rob Barraco, Page McConnell and Danny Louis. Bassists included, among others, Dave Schools of Widespread Panic, Oteil Burbridge who already had filled Woody's former place in The Allman Brothers, Les Claypool of Primus, Victor Wooten of the Flecktones, George Porter, Jr. of The Meters, Jason Newsted (formerly of Metallica), Greg Rzab formerly of The Black Crowes and the Buddy Guy Band, and Andy Hess, also formerly of The Black Crowes. Louis and Hess were eventually named as permanent members of Gov't Mule.
The first CD with Louis and Hess, Deja Voodoo, was released in September 2004. The album won the Jammy award for Best Album and was the last studio album involving Michael Barbiero as producer and engineer. Additional material from those sessions was released in 2005 as Mo' Voodoo. The new lineup's second full release, High & Mighty, was released on August 22, 2006, and it was followed in 2007 by a dub/reggae album called Mighty High - including versions of covers and original songs with special guest appearances by Michael Franti, Toots Hibbert, and Willi Williams.
Gov't Mule continues to tour extensively and has become a staple act at many music festivals including Bonnaroo, Wakarusa, Mountain Jam, Vegoose, All Good, and their annual New Orleans Jazzfest night show (where they filmed and recorded the last show of the Deepest End tours, with 17 guest musicians in a six-hour show).
Every year since 1989, Warren Haynes hosts the Annual Christmas Jam in his hometown of Asheville, North Carolina. The concert usually takes place the first weekend in December at the Asheville Civic Center, as a fundraiser for Habitat For Humanity. Many artists who play at the Christmas Jam also perform separate gigs in various Asheville clubs, usually the day before the Jam proper. The Pre-Jam, as it is called, features many of the same artists, in smaller clubs. The 19th edition of the Jam took place on December 15, 2007 with performances by Kevn Kinney, Grace Potter and The Nocturnals, Shelly Colvin, Jason Isbell and the 400 Unit, Jackson Browne, G. Love, Bruce Hornsby and Peter Frampton among others. Gov't Mule headlined.
On June 28, 2008, while keyboardist Danny Louis was drafted by Cheap Trick  to revisit Sgt. Pepper at the Hollywood Bowl, Gov't Mule performed as a power trio for the first time since 2000, this time with its regular bassist Andy Hess. The band titled their set "Old School Mule" and ran through some of their older songs such as "Wandering Child" and "Thorazine Shuffle."
On September 15, 2008, Haynes' wife, Stefani Scamardo  announced on her Sirius radio show that Andy Hess would be leaving the band and a new bassist would be in place for the fall tour. Hess was subsequently replaced by Jorgen Carlsson, who had been rehearsing with the band for six months.
On August 17, 2009, it was announced on the band's official website that Gov't Mule's eighth studio album, entitled By a Thread, was on schedule for release on October 27, 2009.
On the same date, the first track of the new album, called "Broke Down On The Brazos" (featuring Billy Gibbons of ZZ Top), was made available for listening on the website.
On October 31, 2009, Gov't Mule gave a special Halloween concert at the Tower Theater in Philadelphia. From the Gov't Mule web site: "Following in the tradition of 2007's "Holy Haunted House" and last year's Pink Floyd spectacular, the band, once again, has something very special planned for the occasion."  This third in their series of Halloween shows featured a first set, which lasted over two hours, and was composed entirely of Rolling Stones covers. The previous sold-out shows had featured covers of Led Zeppelin's Houses of the Holy and an assortment of Pink Floyd compositions.
Gov't Mule played at the "Island Exodus" in Negril, Jamaica in January 2010, at the all-inclusive resort The Grand Lido Negril. The First Island Exodus consisted of three Gov't Mule shows and a Warren Haynes solo show. Also appearing at this event were Grace Potter & The Nocturnals, Ron Holloway, and DJ Logic.
Gov't Mule also played at the Hangout Music festival on Saturday, May 15, 2010 and at the Azkena Rock Festival in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, on June 24, 2010. The band also opened up for the Dave Matthews Band on Friday, July 30, 2010 at Cruzan Amphitheatre, in West Palm Beach, Florida.
Except for its regular festival appearances, the band was mostly on hiatus during the early part of the decade while band members pursued other projects, particularly Haynes and his Warren Haynes Band. In the summer of 2013, the band gave details on their upcoming album Shout!, their first studio album in four years and their first release on Blue Note Records, which was released on September 24 of that year. In what Haynes contends is a first, the album included a bonus disc consisting of covers of the album's tracks by artists including Elvis Costello, Dr. John, Grace Potter and Steve Winwood.
Following is a listing of Gov't Mule's major releases. Note that nearly every concert that Gov't Mule plays is recorded and made available for on-line purchase in both high and low resolution .mp3 format, and in the lossless .flac format.
|Year||Album details||Chart peak positions||Certifications
|US||US Ind.||US Rock|
|1996||Live from Roseland Ballroom
|1999||Live... With a Little Help from Our Friends
|2000||Life Before Insanity
|2001||The Deep End, Volume 1
|2002||The Deep End, Volume 2
|2003||The Deepest End, Live in Concert
|2005||Mo' Voodoo (EP)
|2006||High & Mighty
|2008||Holy Haunted House
|2009||By a Thread
|"—" denotes albums that were released but did not chart.|
- Gibson. "Gibson Backstage Pass Holiday Double Issue 2006". Gibson.com. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- [dead link]
- Smith, Michael B. (2000-02-15). "Life Before Insanity - Gov't Mule". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- "Musician Allen Woody Found Dead - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- "ONE FOR WOODY - 9.21.2000, NEW YORK". Jambase.com. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
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- [dead link]
- "Need We Say More? - News - Govt Mule Announces Permanent Bassist". Jambands.com. 2003-09-12. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- "20th annual Warren Haynes Christmas Jam is gonna rock Asheville". Independentmail.com. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- "Warren Haynes Presents Christmas Jam". Xmasjam.com. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
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- Jurek, Thom (2009-10-27). "By a Thread - Gov't Mule". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
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- "Gov'T Mule'S Island Exodus Iii". Mule.net. 2007-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- Brandle, Lars (July 11, 2013). "Gov't Mule 'Shout' Out to All-Stars On New Album". Billboard. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "Mule Tracks". Mule Tracks. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- "American certifications – Gov't Mule – The Deepest End". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
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