Goud Saraswat Brahmin
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Goud (also spelt as Gaud or Gawd) Saraswat Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin community in India and a part of the larger Saraswat Brahmin community. They are popularly referred to as GSBs. They can be classified either as Konkani or Marathi people. They primarily speak Konkani as their mother tongue, however many have native language proficiency in Marathi.
They claim their origin to the Brahmins who lived on the banks of the now-extinct river Saraswati. Their name is derived from either the river Saraswati or from their spiritual leader, the sage Saraswat Muni(sage) who lived on the banks of Saraswati. These Brahmins were one of the Pancha Gawda Brahmin groups who lived north of the Vindhyas. They belonged to Smarta tradition and primarily worshiped the five deities: Shiva, Vishnu, Devi, Surya and Ganesha. Throughout the course of history, the Saraswat Brahmins have migrated to a variety of locations and are found mostly in Western coast of India.
Saraswat Math (Hindu Monasteries)
Gaud Saraswat communities, unlike other Brahmins of Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka, have association with specific Hindu Monasteries, just like other communities have association with the temple of the family deity. The main monasteries are:
- Shri Gaudapadacharya Math (Kavale, Ponda, Goa), Advaita school with Gaudapadacharya as the founder Guru.
- Gokarna Partagali Jeevottam Mutt (Partagali-Cancona, Goa), Dvaita School with MadhavaSampradaya sect
- Sri Kashi Math (Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh), Dvaita School
- Chitrapur Saraswat Math (Shirali, Bhatkal, Karnataka), Advaita school
During the eighth month of pregnancy, a woman moves to her mother's house, especially during the birth of her first child. The expecting mother also performs Ganapathi Pooja for a successful delivery and a healthy child. On the 6th day, a pen and lamp are kept near the child's head, symbolic of a wish for an intelligent child. On the 12th day, the naming and cradling ceremony is performed wherein the paternal grandmother whispers the child's name into his/her ear and a horoscope is cast. When the child turns three months old, they are taken to the temple, and thereafter the child goes to the father's abode.
- Goud Saraswat Brahmins of Cochin
- List of Saraswats
- Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins
- Chitrapur Saraswat Brahmin
- Suryanath U Kamath (1992). The origin and spread of Gauda Saraswats.
- Venkataraya Narayan Kudva (1972). History of the Dakshinatya Saraswats. Samyukta Gauda Saraswata Sabha.
- Ramachandra Shyama Nayak. "Saraswath Sudha".
- Kawl, M. K. Kashmiri Pandits: Looking to the Future.
- Bryant, Edwin (2001). The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-513777-9.
- Hock, Hans (1999) "Through a Glass Darkly: Modern "Racial" Interpretations vs. Textual and General Prehistoric Evidence on Arya and Dasa/Dasyu in Vedic Indo-Aryan Society." in Aryan and Non-Aryan in South Asia, ed. Bronkhorst & Deshpande, Ann Arbor.
- Shaffer, Jim G. (1995). "Cultural tradition and Palaeoethnicity in South Asian Archaeology". In George Erdosy. Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia. ISBN 3-11-014447-6.
- Conlon, Frank F. (1974). "Caste by Association: The Gauda Sarasvata Brahmana Unification Movement". The Journal of Asian Studies 33 (3): 351–365. JSTOR 2052936. (subscription required (. ))