Grønland is situated on the east side of Akerselva, five to ten minutes walking distance from Oslo Central Station and downtown Oslo. Grønland stretches from Grünerløkka down to the fjord by Middelalderparken shore area.
The area was originally the beach area east of the Aker river discharge, and the name may allude to grassland (the name Grønland means in Norwegian language green land or green fields) by the lake. The streets Grønland and Grønlandsleiret was the old shoreline and is considered the historic northern border of Oslo. The reason why this has changed is that just Bjørvika has been massively populated by several centuries. The present streets Grønland and Grønlandsleiret was the road between the suburb of Oslo and the city, then named Christiania, via Vaterland Bridge (first bridge built 1654). The suburb of Grønland was incorporated in Christiania 1859. Church, school and fire station was built near the newly erected Botsfengslet in the 1600s
Through the last 30 years Grønland has many immigrants. The Grønland area contains stores carrying goods from all over the world, as well as mosques, bars and ethnic restaurants. Prices on most things have often been a bit lower in this general area than in other central parts of Oslo. Grønland contains the Oslo Police Headquarters. The cityscape of this area is in the process of gentrification these days with large building projects in the Bjørvika area and the completion of the Oslo Opera House nearby.
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