Grodziskie (Grätzer) is a Polish beer style with malted grain composed primarily (or entirely) of oak-smoked wheat. It was developed prior to the advent of lagering, and thus uses a top-fermenting yeast in its production. There has been recent debate as to whether true grätzer is a sour beer.
Grätzer has been made in Grodzisk Wielkopolski since around the Middle Ages, and probably contained a much higher percentage of wheat than some modern variations. It is still brewed by some homebrewers in Poland with 100% smoked wheat grain bills. Between 1929 and 1993, this style had a regionally protected designation put in place by the Cabinet of Poland. Starting in 1922, the production of grätzer was continued by only one company, United Breweries Grodziskie. Beer was produced by this company until 1993, when the brewery was closed due to lack of profitability. This ceased commercial production of this style for several years.
Grätzer was defined in the Brewers Association style guidelines in 2013.
- Pattinson, Ron. "Grodziskie (Grätzer Bier)". Old German Beer Styles. Ron Pattinson. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- Gilbert, Sam. "Historic Grätzer Beer Recreated by Team of San Francisco Brewers". San Francisco Brewer's Guild. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- Dz.U. 1929 No. 72 Item 548
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