Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Gračanica
Грачаница
Municipality and town
Location of Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity The Federation
Canton Tuzla Canton
Government
 • Municipality president Nusret Helić (SDP)
Area
 • Total 216 km2 (83 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 48,395
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +387 35
Website http://www.opcina-gracanica.ba

Gračanica is a town and a municipality in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located east of Doboj and west of Tuzla.

Gračanica[edit]

Gracanica is located in the lower valley of the River Spreča along the main road from Tuzla to Doboj, about 50 km west of Tuzla.

Municipality[edit]

The Gračanica municipality is currently the home of about 59,000 people. Villages around the town are:

BabićiBoljanićBosansko Petrovo SeloDoborovciDonja LohinjaDžakuleGornja Lohinja • Gračanica • KakmužKaranovacLendićiLukavicaMalešićiMiričinaOrahovica DonjaOrahovica GornjaPiskavicaPorječinaPribavaPrijeko BrdoRašljevaSkipovac DonjiSkipovac GornjiSočkovacSokoStjepan PoljeŠkahovicaVranovići

The Gračanica municipality covers 219 square kilometers.

History[edit]

First writings about Gračanica were found in Turkish archives from year 1528, in which time Gračanica was known by its iron mine. Some 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the town was a middle age fortress named Sokol. Gračanica got the status of a town in 1548. It grew bigger during the 17th century, with the help of Ahmed-paša Budimlija, who built the White Mosque, a public bath and a clock tower. Through the time of Austrian Empire, Gračanica experienced huge economic,urban and culture development.

Climate[edit]

The average temperature during January is 1.8 °C (35.2 °F), and during July 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).

This area is characteristic for small quantity of downfalls, which average year amount is 830mm/m2. Maximum quantity of downfalls is in May (121mm) and June (101mm), and minimum in March (41mm). Snowfalls are most often at January, February and March (Average: 50 days in a year). Gračanica is area with continental climate type.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Composition
Year Serbs  % Bosniaks  % Croats  % Yugoslavs  % others  % Total
1961 8,543 28.29% 20,726 68.62% 171 0.57% 686 2.27% 77 0.25% 30,203
1971 13,135 27.97% 33,135 70.57% 199 0.42% 184 0.39% 297 0.65% 46,950
1981 13,226 24.35% 38,189 70.32% 135 0.25% 2,359 4.34% 402 0.74% 54,311
1991 13,566 22.97% 42,628 72.19% 135 0.23% 1,501 2.54% 1,220 2.07% 59,050

References[edit]

  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.

Twin towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Pictures[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°41′21″N 18°18′08″E / 44.68917°N 18.30222°E / 44.68917; 18.30222