Grace Dieu Priory

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Grace Dieu Priory
GraceDieuPriory SouthRange.JPG
The remains of the South Range of Grace Dieu Priory
Grace Dieu Priory is located in Leicestershire
Grace Dieu Priory
Location within Leicestershire
Monastery information
Order Augustinian: "The White Nuns of St. Augustine"
Established 1239
Disestablished 1538
Dedicated to Holy Trinity and St Mary
People
Founder(s) Rhosese (or Roesia) de Verdon
Site
Location Near to Thringstone, Leicestershire, England
Visible remains South range, chapter house, east end of conventual church - all to a height of not more than one storey
Public access Yes: Free to enter.
Grace Dieu Priory chapter house

The Grace Dieu Priory was an independent Augustinian priory near Thringstone in Leicestershire, England. It was founded around 1235-1241 by Roesia de Verdon and dissolved in October in 1538. It was dedicated to the Holy Trinity and St Mary.

History[edit]

The priory was founded c. 1239 by Rhosese (or Roesia) de Verdon.[1] The priory was endowed with the manors of Belton, Leicestershire and "Kirkby in Kesteven" (Kirkby la Thorpe?), Lincolnshire; as well as the advowson of Belton Church. The priory was unusual in being independent of outside control. The nuns called themselves "the White Nuns of St. Augustine", and there is thought to be no other houses of their order in the country.[2]

The priory was fairly large, having in 1337 sixteen nuns. It also had an attached hospital which cared for twelve poor people.[1] The priory did, however, have some unusual practices: for example, the nuns were forbidden to ever leave the priory's precincts.[2]

The priory escaped the first wave of dissolution of the smaller monasteries, but was finally dissolved in 1538.[1]

View across the cloister, of the chapter house and south range, from the west end of the nave of the conventual church

After Dissolution[edit]

Following the Dissolution, the site was granted to Sir Humphrey Foster who sold it to John Beaumont in 1539.[3] He converted the priory buildings into a residence which remained within his family until 1684, when it was bought by Sir Ambrose Phillipps, a wealthy lawyer, who also built nearby Garendon Abbey. Sir Ambrose had most of the buildings pulled down, and by 1730 the remaining buildings were ruinous, with only two sections still roofed.[1][4]

The priory passed through the Phillips and March families until 1833 when Charles March Philips gave the priory to his son Ambrose Lisle March Phillips, who assumed the surname "De Lisle".[5] Ambrose constructed a new house in the Tudor-gothic style, known as Grace Dieu Manor, 300 yards (270 m) south of the priory ruins. The March Phillips de Lisle family owned the house until 1933, although their main residence was at the Hall they built at the former Garendon Abbey. Following the death of two of its heads in quick succession, the family needed to tighten its belt and so in 1885 moved out of Garendon and into Grace Dieu Manor. A return to fortune allowed the family to return to Garendon once more in 1907, however. Finally in 1964 Garendon Hall was demolished and the family returned to Grace Dieu for a final time, selling the house within a decade. Grace Dieu Manor then became a Catholic school.[6] In 1972 the family moved to Quenby Hall, but following the collapse of the family cheese making business, the family has been forced to offer the Hall for sale (it has been for sale since 2012).[7]

The priory buildings still exist as ruins.[8] A conservation project on the remains was completed in 2005 and the site is now open to the public.[9]

Paranormal Phenomena[edit]

The priory is reputed to be the site of frequent paranormal phenomena, sometimes attributed to the priory's proximity to the Thringstone Fault, several ley lines and some possible Pagan significance attached to the site.

The ruins are home to the mythical ghost the White Lady.

A comprehensive record of sightings, dating back as far as 1926, has been compiled by Stephen Neale Badcock, with all accounts backed up by information sources. Many of the sightings share a remarkable uniformity in terms of description and specific location, tending to refer to white or grey apparitions, robed, with no hands or feet, hovering or gliding above ground level and appearing on the opposite side of the road to the priory, in the vicinity of an old 'bus shelter.[10]

Paul Devereux refers to the Grace Dieu phenomenon in his 1982 book, "Earth Lights: Towards and Explanation of the UFO Enigma", and sets out his theory that such manifestations are a rare but naturally occurring phenomenon, wrought by unusual electromagnetic fields associated with fault areas which interfere with the normal cycles of the atmosphere.[11] Expanding on this, Neale Badcock's research has shown that the site of Grace Dieu priory is located directly above the Thringstone Fault, as shown by a geological map produced by the Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society in 1965.[10] The site is also located close to a standing stone, in a field to the west of the priory, examples of which are often found close to geological faults. The presence of this stone suggests that the area may have been regarded as a sacred site in ancient times, Mesolithic flint scrapers having been found around the base of the stone.[12] As such, it has been suggested that the site's prehistoric religious significance may have influenced the choice of location for the mediaeval monastic foundation. However, whilst this may have been the case for many Christian foundations during the Saxon period (the nearby parish church at Whitwick for example would almost certainly date back to a Saxon origin, intentionally sited in a sacred place, above a natural spring) it is probable that the link between the much later foundation of Grace Dieu Priory and a site of possible pagan significance occurs more by co-incidence. Hillier and Ryder offer a more prosaic explanation for the location of the nunnery, suggesting that the chief influence would have been its proximity to a fresh water source.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Grace Dieu Priory, English Heritage: PastScape.
  2. ^ a b "House of Augustinian nuns: The priory of Grace Dieu", A History of the County of Leicestershire: Volume 2 (1954), pp. 27-28. Date accessed: 20 June 2013.
  3. ^ White, William (1846). History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Leicestershire and the Small County of Rutland. p. 343. 
  4. ^ a b Hillier, Kenneth and Ryder, Peter F: Grace Dieu Priory, published by Ashby-de-la-Zouch Museum and the Grace Dieu Prior Trust, July 2006
  5. ^ Purcell, Edmund Sheridan (1900). Life and Letters of Ambrose Phillipps de Lisle 1. London: Macmillan. 
  6. ^ "England's Lost Country Houses | Garendon Hall". Lh.matthewbeckett.com. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  7. ^ "The de Lisles downsize: Quenby Hall for sale". The Country Seat. 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  8. ^ Harvey, Alfred (1912) Leicestershire. London: Methuen
  9. ^ "The Priory of Grace Dieu". Gracedieupriory.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  10. ^ a b "Gracedieu : The White Lady". Reocities.com. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  11. ^ Devereux, Paul: 'Earth Lights', Turnstone Press Ltd, 1982, p 208-9
  12. ^ John Dickinson, Grace Dieu Archaeological Society: 'The Ghosts of Grace Dieu', Pukka Publications, 2004, p 10.

External links[edit]