April 23, 1886|
St. Paul, Minnesota, United States
|Died||December 27, 1971
Farmington, Connecticut, United States
Grace Hodgson Flandrau (April 23, 1886 – December 27, 1971) was an American author of novels, short stories and journalistic pieces. Although she achieved a certain degree of critical acclaim for several of her novels, short stories and some of her journalism career during the 1920s, '30s and '40s, she faded from public literary view in the later part of her life. Flaudrau's reputation is re-emerging as a prominent writer due to a 2007 biography, which has been promoted by, among others, Garrison Keillor.
Grace Corrin Hodgson was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, the illegitimate daughter of Edward John Hodgson and Anna Redding Hodson. She was raised by Hodgson and his wife, Mary Staples Hodgson.
Following her marriage to William Blair Flandrau in 1909, she embarked on a career as a writer. She wrote six books, three of which were turned into motion pictures, and more than four dozen short stories. During her lifetime, she was one of Minnesota's best-known authors, with her own radio show and a weekly column in the St. Paul Dispatch.
Flandrau was well respected throughout her writing years, the 1920s, 30s and 40s. F. Scott Fitzgerald, a fellow Saint Paul writer, said that her novel Being Respectable was "better than Babbitt" and confided in a personal letter that Edith Wharton liked that book "better than any American novel in years." Flandrau's work was included in The Best Short Story collections for 1932, 1933 and 1943.
Here next novel, Entranced, was not as successful as Being Respectable, and thereafter Flandrau began to focus on journalism. She turned out several pamphlets on early Minnesota history for the Great Northern Railway, which was then based in St. Paul, and a trip to Africa in 1927 provided fruitful material for a travel book, Then I Saw the Congo, as well as a collection of stories, Under the Sun. As a travel writer, Flandrau was ahead of her time, exploring her exotic locale from an objective, humanistic standpoint, and challenging the notion that Europeans were the superior race. Of Flandrau's six books, only Cousin Julia and Being Respectable are still in print.
Flandrau continued writing into the mid-1940s, but an increasing sense of despair and depression overcame her and she published little after 1949.
Flandrau died there on December 27, 1971. By the time her will was probated in 1973, her estate was valued at $10,000,000. In her will, she left a major bequest to establish, in honor of her brother-in-law, the Charles Macomb Flandrau Fund at Harvard University, aimed to encourage good writing. Her gift to the University of Arizona led to the construction in 1971 of the The Flandrau Planetarium and Science Center in Tucson.
- Cousin Julia (1917)
- Being Respectable (1923)
- Entranced (1924)
- Then I Saw the Congo (1929)
- Indeed This Flesh (1934)
- Under the Sun. Tales of Love and Death (1936)
- Flandrau, Grace. Memoirs of Grace Flandrau. Edited with an introduction by Georgia Ray. St. Paul: Knochaloe Beg Press, 2003.
- Klein, Horace Blair Flandrau, Random Recollections of Grace Flandrau, Ramsey County History Quarterly V43 #3, Ramsey County Historical Society, St. Paul, MN, 2009.
- Ray, Georgia. Voice Interrupted. Roseville, MN: Edinborough Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1-889020-22-8.
- Text of Cousin Julia (1917)
- "In Search of the Real Grace Flandrau," by Georgia Ray, Minnesota History Magazine, Summer 1999
- "THE STORY OF MARIAS PASS", by GRACE FLANDRAU, 1925
- "Grace Flandrau," by Joel Van Valin