Grace Mary McCarthy, OC, OBC (born October 14, 1927) is a former Canadian politician and florist in British Columbia. Nicknamed Amazing Grace by members of her longtime political party, the Social Credit Party of B.C, she was largely responsible for rebuilding the party after its defeat in the 1972 provincial election.
In the 1960s Grace was a popular elected member of the City of Vancouver Parks Board. She was actively recruited to run for a seat in the Provincial Legislature by then Premier of the Province W.A.C. Bennett. In an attempt to improve his hold on power Bennett promised that any woman elected to the legislature while he was in power would become a member of his Cabinet. In 1966 Grace successfully campaigned and was elected along with Les Peterson to co-represent the dual member riding of Vancouver-Little Mountain. Bennett kept his promise and together with Agnes Krips (also successful as a female candidate) Grace was made a Cabinet Minister without portfolio.
McCarthy was later a senior cabinet minister, serving in a variety of portfolios, in the governments of Social Credit Premier W.R. Bennett from 1975 to 1986 and of Social Credit Premier Bill Vander Zalm from 1986 until her resignation from cabinet in 1988.
In 1968, McCarthy successfully lobbied both the Canadian federal and British Columbian provincial governments to broaden home ownership credit legislation to include single, divorced and widowed women without the need for a male guarantor.
In 1982, McCarthy was suspected of interfering in the re-drawing of the electoral boundaries of her Little Mountain constituency, to include an appendage of a wealthy westside Vancouver area, thus helping ensure her electoral success. This appendage and subsequent scandal became known as 'Gracie's Finger'. The actual area in question was between 16th and 33rd Avenues in Vancouver around the Arbutus Street corridor.
In 1986, McCarthy parlayed the idea to illuminate the main cables of Vancouver's Lions Gate Bridge and arranged private-sector sponsorship by the Guinness family, the bridge's builders and original owners.
Social Credit downfall
The Social Credit party of British Columbia was never able to truly consolidate their power. Alone without federal or municipal counterparts they fought for 30 years to maintain power in British Columbia. By 1986, even with a World Exposition coming to see the province, the cracks within the party structure were virtually irreparable. Bill Bennett was believed to be so disliked that he could not be reelected as Premier and the stage was set for a decisive leadership race. In 1986 Grace came second to Bill Vander Zalm. Although the Socreds won another term in an election held later that year, in hindsight that leadership race marked the beginning of the end for the party.
By 1991, when Premier Vander Zalm was forced to resign amid scandal allegations, the Social Credit party had become bitterly divided. Socred members elected the lesser-known Rita Johnston, a close ally of Vander Zalm, as their new leader, over McCarthy. Many viewed this as a mistake, as Johnston was close to the Vander Zalm legacy; even provincial NDP leader Mike Harcourt admitted later that he preferred Johnston over McCarthy, as the latter would be a much tougher opponent in an election. Johnston lost the 1991 provincial election badly, with the party only winning third-place status in the legislature. Johnston resigned as leader shortly thereafter, and McCarthy was chosen to replace her.
However, McCarthy had no seat in the legislature, and the Socreds were in danger of being dismissed as an increasingly irrelevant political force in British Columbia. She missed a chance to re-enter the legislature when she lost a by-election in 1994 [dead link] by 42 votes in the provincial riding of Matsqui. Social Credit lost official party status in the BC Legislature when four of their six MLAs left the party to join the fledgling BC Reform Party. Subsequently, she stepped down as leader in 1994 amid further infighting. In the 1996 election the Socreds lost all their remaining seats.
Currently, McCarthy is Chairman of the Board of Directors of the CH.I.L.D. Foundation (CHildren with Intestinal and Liver Disorders). McCarthy began the charity in 1995 with her daughter, Mary McCarthy Parsons and J. Lindsay Gordon.
- Vancouver Province. September 6, 1982. P.1 (with illustration)