Grace Wilbur Trout
|Grace Belden Wilbur Trout|
March 18, 1864|
|Died||October 21, 1955
|Occupation||Women's rights activist|
|Spouse(s)||George William Trout|
|Children||Thomas Wilbur Trout
Philip Wilbur Trout
Grace Belden Wilbur Trout (March 18, 1864 – October 21, 1955) was an American suffragist who was president of the Chicago Political Equality League. She was instrumental in getting the Illinois legislature to pass a law allowing women to vote in local and national elections.
Trout was born on March 18, 1864 in Maquoketa, Iowa.
Trout became president of the Chicago Political Equality League in 1910, originally founded in 1894. The league published pamphlets and circulated petitions to lobby the state legislature to grant women voting rights.
In 1910, Trout and other activists such as Catherine Waugh McCulloch made speaking tours of Illinois arguing for suffrage. Two years later, at the annual convention of the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association (IESA) on October 1–2, 1912, Trout was elected president of that association. She changed the IESA's tactics, setting new goals such as creating more local organizations and lobbying individual legislators to support suffrage.
A partial suffrage bill was introduced in 1913, permitting women to vote "for Presidential electors and for all local offices not specifically named in the Illinois Constitution", but not for state representatives, Congressional representatives, or governor. Trout mobilized a public show of support and the resulting bill was passed on June 11 (83 votes for, 58 votes against) and signed by Governor Dunne on June 26, 1913. Efforts to repeal or weaken the law in 1915 failed, in part due to the IESA's opposition.
Trout's goals did not extend to challenging racial segregation. When African-American Ida B. Wells wanted to march in a March 3, 1913 demonstration in Washington DC, Trout demanded that segregation be preserved to avoid offending Southern marchers who might boycott the event, and therefore all the black suffragists would have to march in their own group, not with their respective state delegations. While Trout was personally opposed to such exclusion, she was more concerned with avoiding the potential boycott. The day of the event, Wells "slipped out of the crowd along the parade route" to join the Illinois delegation.
In 1921 Trout moved to Jacksonville, Florida and became the first president of the Planning and Advisory Board and president of the Jacksonville Garden Club. She resided at an estate called Marabanong.
- Grace Wilbur Trout (1912). A Mormon wife. Charles H. Kerr. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- "Side Lights on Illinois Suffrage History", Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1908-1984), Vol. 13, No. 2 (Jul., 1920), pp. 145–179.
- Johnson, Marilynn. "George William Trout". Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- Reeves, Winona Evans, "The Blue Book of Iowa Women", Missouri Printing and Publishing Co., 1914, p. 295
- McMurry, Linda O., "To Keep the Waters Troubled: The Life of Ida B. Wells", Oxford University Press, 1998, pages 304-306.
- "Chicago Political Equality League", in the Encyclopedia of Chicago, Newberry Library (2005).
- Sorenson, Mark W., "Ahead of Their Time", retrieved Feb. 17 2013.
- Chautauqua brochure for Grace Wilbur Trout, retrieved Feb 17 2013
- http://www.jaxhistory.com/Jacksonville%20Story/Picture%20of%20Evergreen%20Cemetery,%20Grace%20Wilbur%20Trout.htm, retrieved Feb. 17 2013.
- Johnson, Marilynn. "Grace Belden Wilbur Trout". Retrieved 10 February 2013.