Grace of My Heart
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|Grace of My Heart (film)|
|Directed by||Allison Anders|
|Produced by||Ruth Charny
|Written by||Allison Anders|
and John Turturro
|Music by||Larry Klein|
|Editing by||James Y. Kwei
|Distributed by||Gramercy Pictures|
|Release dates||September 13, 1996|
|Running time||116 min.|
|Box office||$617,632 (USA)|
Grace of My Heart is a 1996 film written and directed by Allison Anders, set in the pop music world, starting off in New York's Brill Building early 1960s era, weaving through the California Sound of the mid '60s and culminating with the adult-contemporary scene of the early 1970s.
The plot follows the personal life and career trajectory of its protagonist, Denise Waverly. The soundtrack features a variety of songs by such artists as Burt Bacharach, Elvis Costello, Joni Mitchell, and Jill Sobule, which replicate the musical style that emerged from the Brill Building, New York's music factory during the heyday of girl groups and "pre-fab" acts like The Monkees.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Cast
- 3 Closing credits
- 4 Real-life influence
- 5 Music
- 6 Additional credits
- 7 Impact
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Edna Buxton (Douglas) is a steel heiress from Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, who wants to be a singer and enters a local talent contest. She plans to sing "You'll Never Walk Alone," until, backstage, she meets a blues singer named Doris Shelley (Warren) who is belting out "The Blues Ain't Nothin' (But a Woman Cryin' for her Man)." Doris advises Edna to follow her heart, so Edna sings "Hey There" instead and wins the contest. She uses some of her own money to record a demo of her first original song, "In Another World". Record producer Joel Milner (Turturro) likes the demo but says he cannot market a girl singer-songwriter. He becomes her agent, renames her "Denise Waverly" and invents a blue-collar persona for her. Milner also reworks her song for a male doo-wop group, the Stylettes, and the song becomes a hit.
Denise moves to New York and becomes a professional songwriter in the Brill Building. She worries that she will not be able to pen a follow-up to "In Another World," but Milner encourages her to look at the world around her. She meets fellow songwriter Howard Caszatt (Stoltz), and after a difficult first encounter she becomes professionally and romantically involved with him. She also meets Doris, an unsuccessful young singer, and persuades Milner to let Doris and her group audition. Milner likes the group and the song Denise has written, and he renames them the Luminaries.
The group is a success, and disc jockey John Murray (Bruce Davison) credits Denise with "sparking the craze for girl groups." Denise and Howard write a song about the condition of working class black girls in New York City. Denise then suggests that she and Howard should write a wedding-themed song for the Luminaries. Howard refuses, but when Denise reveals that she is pregnant with Howard's child - and is herself an heiress - they get married and have a daughter. However, Howard starts flirting with Cheryl Steed (Patsy Kensit), a newly hired English songwriter.
Joel asks Cheryl and her husband Matthew (Chris Isaak) to write a song for the Luminaries. The result becomes a hit. Howard, annoyed, concedes that Denise's instincts were right. Then Joel asks Denise and Cheryl to collaborate on writing a song for closeted lesbian ingenue singer Kelly Porter (Bridget Fonda). Denise agrees, even though she dislikes Cheryl, but when she arrives home unexpectedly and finds Howard in bed with another woman, she takes her child in a cab to the studio and tells Cheryl what has happened. Cheryl comforts Denise and the two become friends. She learns that she is pregnant with Howard's second baby; Cheryl convinces her to go to an obstetrician, who safely performs an illegal abortion.
Denise throws herself into her work and becomes a highly successful songwriter. Having broken up with Howard, she has a brief but unhappy affair with the married John Murray, which ends when he moves with his family to Chicago.
With the British Invasion, the Brill Building songwriting machine has become obsolete. Milner tells Denise she should not be so sad, because she forced him to take chances he would have never had the courage to tackle alone. He finally allows her to become a singer, and introduces her to Jay Phillips (Matt Dillon), the singer, songwriter and producer of a popular surf-rock group. Denise initially hates Jay's music, but agrees to let him produce her. She writes and sings "God Give Me Strength," and she is delighted when he gives the song a skilful orchestral arrangement. However, the record bombs, and Denise blames herself for making the song too personal. Denise and Jay become a couple and resettle in California at the height of the hippie movement. Cheryl is songwriting in Los Angeles. She and Denise collaborate on songs for a Bubblegum pop TV show called Where the Action Is.
Jay is affectionate but also childlike, reclusive and a heavy drug user, and becomes increasingly paranoid. He disapproves of Denise writing songs for the TV show, insisting that it's beneath her. His bandmates distance themselves from him, leaving him to work alone in his studio. In a fit of paranoia, he accuses Denise of stealing tapes from him, but when it turns out that he threw the tapes over the studio balcony in a fit of irritation and then forgot that he had done so, Denise is distressed. He also takes his and her children to the museum and forgets to bring them home. While Denise is at a club with Doris, Jay, directionless and in despair at his inability to be more responsible, wanders into the ocean and drowns. Numbed by Jay's death, Denise retires with her family to a hippie commune in the mountains above Palm Springs and adopts yet another father-figure in the commune's guru.
Joel Milner visits Denise in the commune and takes her and her children out to dinner. That night, he confronts her with her constant reliance on men for guidance and her failure to take responsibility for her own talent. Denise's suppressed anger spills out, and she screams at Milner that he is a "fucking leech" who exploited her. He agrees with her, and the more he agrees with her the angrier she becomes, until he deliberately provokes her by throwing his drink into her face. She strikes him and then collapses in tears, grieving for Jay. Milner consoles her and the two are reconciled.
In the closing sequence, Denise is seen confidently recording and producing her first solo album Grace of My Heart with her extended family and friends in attendance.
- Illeana Douglas as Edna Buxton/Denise Waverly
- Matt Dillon as Jay Phillips
- Eric Stoltz as Howard Caszatt
- John Turturro as Joel Milner
- Patsy Kensit as Cheryl Steed
- Bruce Davison as John Murray
- Jennifer Leigh Warren as Doris Shelley
- Bridget Fonda as Kelly Porter
- Chris Isaak as Matthew Lewis
- David Clennon as Dr. 'Jonesy' Jones
- Lucinda Jenney as Marion
- Christina Pickles as Mrs. Buxton
- Lynne Adams as Kindly Nurse
- Richard Schiff as Audition Record Producer
- Peter Fonda as Guru Dave (voice only)
Over the credits, Burt Bacharach and Elvis Costello are shown singing and playing their own fully orchestrated version of their co-penned work "God Give Me Strength", which received far greater hit status in the real world than it did in the movie. As a result, over the ensuing two years, Burt Bacharach and Elvis Costello expanded their collaboration to include an entire album Painted from Memory, which was itself covered to great success by jazz guitarist Bill Frisell.
Released in 1999 on Decca Records, The Sweetest Punch consisted of jazz arrangements of the Painted From Memory songs done by Frisell and his studio group, featured vocals by Costello on two songs, and jazz singer Cassandra Wilson on two songs, one of which is a duet employing both.
The movie, although making no claim of having been inspired by real-life personas, does have some resemblance or connections to the lives of some of the most iconic American Pop singers-songwriters of the 1960s and 1970s, although such connections are intentionally blurred and at times cross-written between two different characters, or merged into one.
In real life, Carole King and her first husband Gerry Goffin were based in the Brill Building and penned such hits as "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" (recorded by The Shirelles), "The Loco-Motion" (introduced by Little Eva, the Goffin-King's babysitter), "One Fine Day" (a hit for The Chiffons) and many others. In Grace of My Heart, "One Fine Day" is paid tribute in "Born to Love That Boy," the first song Waverly composes for The Luminaries (per the lyric, "I don't care what the other girls say/One fine day he'll marry me"). "Born to Love That Boy," written by Goffin and Larry Klein, also recalls the thematically similar "He's A Rebel," a Gene Pitney penned tune made famous by The Crystals, after being turned down by Vicki Carr. Louise Goffin, daughter of Goffin and King, shares songwriting credit with her father on "Between Two Worlds" (performed on the soundtrack by Shawn Colvin). The elder Goffin's stamp can also be found on "In Another World," the tune that establishes Waverly as a hit songwriter; the band Los Lobos also contributes to the track. Finally, the album that shares the film's name, Grace of My Heart, is analogous to King's 1971 breakthrough album Tapestry. The Grace of My Heart album is depicted as Waverly's second attempt to sing her own songs in a commercially viable way, and she succeeds on a platinum scale (sales over one million). In real life, Tapestry was King's second serious attempt to sing her own songs in a commercially viable way, and she succeeded on an even greater scale than is shown in the film, as Tapestry sat at U.S. #1 for 15 weeks and stayed on the charts for over six years, going platinum 10 times over.
Stand-ins for Phil Spector, Lesley Gore, Ellie Greenwich, etc.
Elsewhere, real life permeates Grace of My Heart in several forms, such as Turturro's character who invites comparisons to both Phil Spector and Don Kirshner, while The Luminaries' Doris Shelley suggests both Shirley Owens and Doris Coley of The Shirelles. Also, former teen duo, David and Andrew Williams (nephews of crooner Andy Williams), are featured as Everly Brothers soundalikes. Similarly, Bridget Fonda has an extended cameo as Kelly Porter, a dewey faced ingenue not unlike Lesley Gore, known for bubblegum angst like "It's My Party" and "You Don't Own Me." The lush ballad "My Secret Love" hints at Porter's lesbianism in a nod to Gore's own professed sexuality. Not incidentally, Gore herself co-wrote the song, which is sung on record by Miss Lily Banquette of retro-lounge band Combustible Edison. Furthermore, the radio moniker of Davison's character, John Murray, evokes memories of Murray the K. Just as in real life Murray the K was an early, ardent supporter of The Beatles, in the film John Murray explains to Denise Waverly how The Fab Four are about to revolutionize the music industry.
Besides King, Goffin and Spector, the Brill Building was home base for songwriting duo Ellie Greenwich and Jeff Barry, as well as Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. In Grace of My Heart, these artists, and Greenwich in particular, are referenced musically via "I Do", The Luminaries' stylistic match for "Chapel of Love," originally written by Spector, Greenwich and Barry for The Ronettes but best remembered for the version produced by Leiber and Stoller for The Dixie Cups. The "doo-whaddy-whaddy" refrain of "I Do" also invites comparisons to Greenwich's "Doo-Wah-Diddy", which was recorded by The Exciters and Manfred Mann. Like King, however, Greenwich has no actual contributions to the movie soundtrack. '"I Do" is instead credited to Carole Bayer Sager and Dave Stewart (formerly of Eurythmics).
Brian Wilson connection
Matt Dillon portrays a singer/producer later in the movie, with whom Waverly falls in love. His character, Jay, is the lead singer of a surf music band who is highly respected for his creative genius. However, he becomes obsessed with his latest musical project (replete with theremin) and becomes a self-destructive recluse. In all these aspects, his character begs comparison with real-life Beach Boys' driving-force Brian Wilson.
However, while in the movie his character becomes romantically involved with Waverly and eventually commits suicide by drowning, in real life Wilson and King were not romantically involved, and Wilson is still alive. (It is worth noting that his brother, Beach Boys drummer Dennis Wilson, who was dating singer/songwriter Christine McVie of Fleetwood Mac, did perish in a drowning incident). In fact, the finale more closely parallels the classic closing scenes to the first remake of A Star is Born starring Judy Garland: suicide at sea, survivor talked out of her despondency by long-time professional friend, and a musical redemption (art triumphs over human frailty).
In a scene where Jay is sampling his 'new sound' for band members, ironically it is a member played by J Mascis of Dinosaur Jr. who comments on how "out there" the music is. J Mascis is almost singly responsible for bringing the extended guitar solo to grunge, and his experimental and soulful wailings make him an ideal 'tongue-in-cheek' commentator; furthermore, he wrote and recorded the song to which they are listening, Take a Run at the Sun.
Though actress Illeana Douglas apparently sings throughout the movie, her singing is always dubbed by singer Kristen Vigard, notable for being the very first girl to portray Annie in the 1976 workshop production before going to Broadway the following year.
In the beginning of the film, her character Edna/Denise performs a version of "Hey There," which was originally heard in the musical The Pajama Game, and was later popularized by singers such as Rosemary Clooney. Another of Denise's big musical moments occurs when she goes into the studio to lay down vocal tracks for "God Give Me Strength," an expensively produced single that fails to generate much excitement on the charts, thus alluding to Spector's recording of "River Deep, Mountain High" for Tina Turner (written by Spector, Greenwich and Barry). Singer Elvis Costello, who co-wrote "God Give Me Strength" (with Burt Bacharach) for the film, also wrote "Unwanted Number," which, in the movie, is crafted by Denise and Cazsatt as a tune for The Luminaries. The song causes a scandal because it tells a sympathetic story of an unmarried pregnant preteenager — bold for the early '60s, though comparable to similarly groundbreaking real-life songs of the era such as "He Hit Me (It Felt Like A Kiss)" about Little Eva, the Goffin-King's babysitter who was being regularly beaten by her boyfriend at the time.
Although Grace of My Heart is chock full of musical sequences, the selections were pared down for the soundtrack CD. For instance, the fictional Luminaries, dubbed by girl group For Real, perform a half dozen tunes onscreen but are limited to three selections on the CD: Born to Love That Boy, I Do, and Unwanted Number. Likewise, the Williams Brothers, nephews of Andy Williams perform two songs in the film, Heartbreak Kid and Love Doesn't Ever Fail Us, but only the latter song appears on the soundtrack disc. Both Kristen Vigard's renditions of Hey There in the form of the contest version and the more polished demo are excluded from the CD, and her In Another World is jettisoned in favor of the fictional Stylettes' rendition (via Portrait). Vigard's performance of God Give Me Strength is also not on the soundtrack; instead the Elvis Costello/Burt Bacharach performance appears.
"Man From Mars" was written by Joni Mitchell, and the song appears on the CD with Kristen Vigard singing the vocal from the film (dubbing Illeana Douglas's performance). A version of the song which featured Joni Mitchell's vocal, with the same music, was on the initial pressing of roughly 40,000 soundtrack CD copies. This CD version was recalled and the soundtrack was re-released one week later with Kristen Vigard's vocal, as heard in the movie. Mitchell later re-recorded the song with different-styled music for her 1998 album Taming the Tiger. The Mitchell version of "Man from Mars" from Grace of My Heart is very hard to come by.
The soundtrack was produced by Larry Klein, who had been Joni Mitchell's husband and producer for years but had divorced her prior to the making of this soundtrack. He contributed to the writing of several songs on the soundtrack and appears briefly several times in the movie as a recording engineer.
Martin Scorsese is listed in the credits as Grace of My Heart's executive producer, and the film was co-edited by Thelma Schoonmaker, who won Academy Awards for her work on Scorsese's Raging Bull, The Aviator, and The Departed. Francois Sequin is the production designer, and the costumes are by Susan Bertram. The cast is rounded out by Lynne Adams, Peter Fonda, Chris Isaak, Lucinda Jenney, Patsy Kensit, Christina Pickles and Richard Schiff.
The film was released in the fall of 1996, just ahead of Oscar winning actor Tom Hanks' directorial debut That Thing You Do!, which likewise covered the early to mid-1960s pop music scene and featured original, retro-styled songs on the soundtrack.
- Ebert, Roger (September 13, 1996). "Grace of My Heart". Chicago Sun-Times
- Maslin, Janet, "One Fine Day at the Brill Building: Grace of My Heart (1996)," New York Times Movie Review, 13 September 1996.
- JoniMitchell.com/JMDL Library: Grace Of My Heart Soundtrack Recalled: AllStar Website, September 18, 1996
- Grace of My Heart at the Internet Movie Database
- Grace of My Heart at AllMovie
- Grace of My Heart at Rotten Tomatoes
- Grace of My Heart at Box Office Mojo