Gracefield, Quebec

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Gracefield
City
Gracefield QC 1.JPG
Gracefield is located in Western Quebec
Gracefield
Gracefield
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°06′N 76°03′W / 46.100°N 76.050°W / 46.100; -76.050Coordinates: 46°06′N 76°03′W / 46.100°N 76.050°W / 46.100; -76.050[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Outaouais
RCM La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau
Constituted March 13, 2002
Government[2]
 • Mayor Joanne Poulin
 • Federal riding Pontiac
 • Prov. riding Gatineau
Area[2][3]
 • Total 455.40 km2 (175.83 sq mi)
 • Land 386.21 km2 (149.12 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 2,355
 • Density 6.1/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 3.4%
 • Dwellings 1,685
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0X 1W0
Area code(s) 819
Highways Route 105
Website www.gracefield.ca
Gracefield

Gracefield is a city in La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau Regional County Municipalityin the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada. It was reorganized on 13 March 2002 when three former municipalities (Gracefield, Northfield, and Wright) were merged into one.

Its name comes from Patrick Grace who opened there the first business and was mayor of Wright from 1885 to 1890.[1]

Gracefield is located along the Gatineau River and its area is dotted with many lakes, most of which are lined with numerous summer camps and cottages.

History[edit]

In 1840, Augustin Ethyer, originally from Saint-Martin on Île Jésus, became the first settler in Gracefield.[1] Settlers built the first church in 1841 which also served as school during the week. In 1845, Gracefield counted 20 families and forming a small village core. New families settled on the banks of the Gatineau River, in what would become Northfield, which was at that time the periphery of the village in the canton of Wright.

Since the beginning of colonization, the population of these three municipalities lived in close relation, always sharing multiple services and infrastructure. Therefore it was logical to reorganize them into one municipality in 2002, called Wright-Gracefield-Northfield and renamed to Gracefield on 22 February 2003.[1]

The flood of 1974 is an event remembered by the local population. On May 14, 1974, the waters of the Gatineau river and lakes linked to the River overflowed. The water rose at an alarming rate of 3 to 6 inches an hour. Many residences in the Gracefield area were flooded and approximately 50% of the village had to be evacuated. Although no one was injured, damages reached many millions of dollars.

On June 23, 2010, Gracefield was struck by a magnitude 5.0 earthquake that rocked Central Canada. A state of emergency was declared after several buildings were damaged, including the church, some of the city's administration buildings and the Vimy Hotel.

Gracefield had many mica mines in the late 19th century to early 20th century but they have now all closed. There has been some interest in mining zinc since discovering an important quantity in Wright around the Calument Road area corner of the 105 provincial Road.

Demographics[edit]

Population:[4]

  • Population in 2011: 2355 (Population change 2006–11: −3.4%)
  • Population in 2006: 2439 (Population change 2001–06: 7.3%)
  • Populations in 2001 prior to amalgamation:
    • Gracefield: 615
    • Northfield: 521
    • Wright: 1137
  • Population in 1996:
    • Gracefield: 713
    • Northfield: 516
    • Wright: 1202
  • Population in 1991:
    • Gracefield: 703
    • Northfield: 514
    • Wright: 1157

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1020 (total dwellings: 1685)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 7.3%
  • French as first language: 92.1%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 0.6%

References[edit]