Gracie family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Gracie (disambiguation).
Gracie
Ethnicity Mixed-race Brazilian[1]
Current region Brazil, United States
Notable members

Carlos Gracie
Hélio Gracie
Carlson Gracie
Carley Gracie
Rolls Gracie
Rorion Gracie
Rickson Gracie
Relson Gracie
Royce Gracie
Royler Gracie
Roger Gracie
Renzo Gracie
Clark Gracie
Rodrigo Gracie
Rolles Gracie
Neiman Gracie
Kyra Gracie
Rener Gracie

Kron Gracie
Connected families Machado, Barreto, Behring, Valente
Traditions Brazilian jiu-jitsu

The Gracie family (ˈɡɾejsi) is a prominent martial arts family from Brazil known for their development of Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ). They have been successful in combat sport competitions including mixed martial arts, vale tudo and submission wrestling events. As a family, they uphold the Gracie challenge, which promotes their style of modern Jiu Jitsu (BJJ).

Origins[edit]

One part of the Gracie family line in Brazil descended from George Gracie, a Scotsman from the Carronhill estate in Dumfriesshire who emigrated in 1826 when he was 25 years old.[1][2][3][clarification needed] George was a son of James (b. 1772), the second son of family patriarch George Gracie (b. 1734), and Jean Patterson.[3] From George came Pedro, who was the father of Carlos Gracie and Helio Gracie. Carlos Gracie and Helio Gracie are in fact 1/4 Scottish. [2]

Jiu-Jitsu[edit]

Gastão Gracie from Rio de Janeiro, the grandson of George Gracie through his son Pedro married Cesarina Pessoa Vasconcellos, the daughter of a wealthy Ceará family, in 1901 and decided to settle in Belém do Pará.[4][unreliable source?] Gastão Gracie became a business partner of the American Circus in Belém. In 1916, the Italian Argentine Queirolo Brothers staged circus shows there and presented Mitsuyo Maeda, a Japanese judoka and prize fighter.[5][6] In 1917, Carlos Gracie, the eldest son of Gastão Gracie, watched a demonstration by Maeda at the Da Paz Theatre and decided to learn judo. Maeda accepted to teach Carlos. In 1921, following his financial dire straits and his father Pedro's demise, Gastão Gracie returned to his native Rio with his family.[4]

Carlos Gracie is the founder of modern Jiu Jitsu. He passed Maeda's teachings on to his brothers Oswaldo, Gastão Jr., and George. Hélio was too young and sick at that time to learn the art, and due to medical imposition was prohibited to take part in the training sessions. [3] Despite that, Hélio learned from watching his brothers. Hélio and Carlos Gracie are widely considered in the Brazilian jiu-jitsu community and within the Gracie family as the creators of the modern form of Brazilian jiu-jitsu.[citation needed]

Roger Gracie won the World Jiu-Jitsu Championship 10 times in various weight divisions (6 times at 100kg, once at 100+kg, and 3 times in the Absolute division). He also won the Pan-American Championship in the Absolute division in 2006 and the European Championships in 2005 in the 100+kg and Absolute divisions. [7]

Kron Gracie won the ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship in the under 77 kg division in 2013 [8] and the European Championships in the 82kg division in 2009.[9]

Clark Gracie won the Pan-American Championship in the under 82 kg division in 2013.[10]

Kyra Gracie won the ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship in the Women's under 60 kg division in 2005, 2007, and 2011.[11]

Images[edit]

Family members[edit]

See also: Gracie (name)

Members of the Brazilian Gracie family include:[12][13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]