|Brain: Fasciculus gracilis|
Fasciculus gracilis is labeled in blue at upper right.
Diagram of the principal fasciculi of the spinal cord.
|Latin||Fasciculus gracilis medullae spinalis|
The fasciculus gracilis (tract of Goll or gracile fasciculus) is a bundle of axon fibers in the posterior column of the spinal cord and carries information from the middle thoracic and lower limbs of the body. The gracile fasiculus is one of many ascending tracts, which carry received sensory information up the spinal cord.
Additional functions of the fasciculus gracilis include carrying deep touch, vibrational, and visceral pain information to the brain stem. The fasciculus gracilis and the cuneate fasciculus offer the same functions but can be differentiated by the vertebral level at which information is provided. The cuneate fasiculus carries information from vertebral level T6 and above, while the fasiculus gracilis carries information from vertebral levels T7 and below. The two ascending tracts, however, do meet at the T6 level.
Damage to either of these tracts can result in a permanent loss of sensation in the limbs. See Brown-Séquard syndrome.
Ascending tracts typically have three levels of neurons that relay information from the physical point of reception to the actual point of interpretation in the brain. The fasciculus gracilis has first-order, second-order, and third-order nerve fibers described below:
Second-order fibers: found in the medulla; decussate in the medulla as internal arcuate fibers and, together with the second-order fibers of the cuneate fasiculus, create nerve fiber tracts called the medial lemniscus, which relays the information received from the first-order neurons to the thalamus.
Third-order fibers: fibers which relay the signal received from the medial lemniscus at the thalamus to the cerebral cortex.
The fasciculus gracilis is wedge-shaped on transverse section and lies next to the posterior median septum, its base being at the surface of the medulla spinalis, and its apex directed toward the posterior gray commissure. The fasiculus gracilis increases in size from anterior to superior.
The tract of Goll, or the common name of the fasiculus gracilis, was named after Swiss neuroanatomist Friedrich Goll (1829–1903).
Dougherty, Patrick. "(Section 2, Chapter 4, Part 2) Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences | Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy – The University of Texas Medical School at Houston." Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences | Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy – The University of Texas Medical School at Houston. Web. 30 Nov. 2010. <http://neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu/s2/ii4-2.html>.
Saladin, Kenneth S. Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function. Dubuque: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.