Gracile fasciculus

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Gracile fasciculus
Spinal cord tracts - English.svg
Gracile fasciculus is labeled in blue at upper right.
Gray672.png
Diagram of the principal fasciculi of the spinal cord.
Details
Latin Fasciculus gracilis medullae spinalis
Identifiers
Gray's p.762
NeuroLex ID nlx_144039
TA A14.1.02.243
A14.1.04.018
FMA FMA:73938
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The gracile fasciculus (fasciculus gracilis or tract of Goll) is a bundle of axon fibers in the posterior column-medial lemniscus pathway of the spinal cord and carries information from the middle thoracic and lower limbs of the body. The gracile fasiculus is one of many ascending tracts, which carry received sensory information to the brain via the spinal cord.

Function[edit]

The gracile fasciculus provides proprioception of the lower limbs and trunk to the brainstem.

Additional functions of the gracile fasciculus include carrying deep touch, vibrational, and visceral pain information to the brainstem. The gracile fasciculus and the cuneate fasciculus offer the same functions but can be differentiated by the vertebral level at which information is provided. The cuneate fasciculus carries information from vertebral level T6 and above, and the gracile fasciculus carries information from vertebral levels T7 and below. The two ascending tracts meet at the T6 level.

Ascending tracts typically have three levels of neurons that relay information from the physical point of reception to the actual point of interpretation in the brain. The fasciculus gracilis has first-order, second-order, and third-order nerve fibers described below:

First-order fibers: found on the ipsilateral side of the spinal cord; ends at the gracile nucleus in medulla oblongata of the brainstem.

Second-order fibers: found in the medulla; decussate in the medulla as internal arcuate fibers and, together with the second-order fibers of the cuneate fasiculus, create nerve fiber tracts called the medial lemniscus, which relays the information received from the first-order neurons to the thalamus.

Third-order fibers: fibers which relay the signal received from the medial lemniscus at the thalamus to the cerebral cortex.

Clinical significance[edit]

Damage to either of these tracts can result in the permanent loss of sensation in the limbs. See Brown-Séquard syndrome.

Additional Information[edit]

The gracile fasciculus is wedge-shaped on transverse section and lies next to the posterior median septum, its base being at the surface of the spinal cord, and its apex directed toward the posterior gray commissure. The gracile fasciculus increases in size from anterior to superior.

The tract of Goll, or the common name of the gracile fasciculus, was named after Swiss neuroanatomist Friedrich Goll (1829–1903).

Images[edit]

References[edit]

Dougherty, Patrick. "(Section 2, Chapter 4, Part 2) Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences | Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy – The University of Texas Medical School at Houston." Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences | Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy – The University of Texas Medical School at Houston. Web. 30 Nov. 2010. <http://neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu/s2/ii4-2.html>.

Saladin, Kenneth S. Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function. Dubuque: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.