Gradara

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Gradara
Comune
Comune di Gradara
Gradara II.jpg
Coat of arms of Gradara
Coat of arms
Gradara is located in Italy
Gradara
Gradara
Location of Gradara in Italy
Coordinates: 43°56′N 12°46′E / 43.933°N 12.767°E / 43.933; 12.767Coordinates: 43°56′N 12°46′E / 43.933°N 12.767°E / 43.933; 12.767
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Rimini (RN)
Frazioni Santo Stefano, Fanano alta, Fanano Bassa, Granarola, pievecchia
Government
 • Mayor Franca Foronchi (since May 2006)
Area
 • Total 17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation 142 m (466 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total 3,361
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Demonym Gradaresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 61012
Dialing code 0541
Patron saint San Clemente
Saint day third sunday of September

Gradara is a town and comune in the province of Rimini, in the region of Emilia-Romagna in central Italy. It is 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Rimini and 15 kilometres (9 mi) from Pesaro.

The ancient town is characterized by a double line of medieval walls and by the massive Castle, one of the best preserved in Italy. It is famous as being the location of the episode of Paolo and Francesca described by Dante Alighieri in the V Canto of his Inferno.

History[edit]

The construction of the castle was begun in the 12th century by Pietro and Ridolfo del Grifo. Later, Malatesta da Verucchio captured the Grifo tower, which became the mastio of the current castle, which was to be finished in the 15th century.

After the Malatesta seignory, the town was conquered by the Sforza in the September 1289. Here, in 1494, arrived Lucrezia Borgia, wife of Giovanni Sforza. After a short domination of Lucrezia's brother, Cesare, Gradara was handed over to the della Rovere. After the end of the latter's dynasty, the city was administrated directly by the Popes.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

The Rocca (Castle) of Gradara.