Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester

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The metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, divided into ten metropolitan boroughs

There are 47 Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester, England. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance; Grade I structures are those considered to be "buildings of exceptional interest".[1] In England, the authority for listing under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990[2] rests with English Heritage, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

The metropolitan county of Greater Manchester is made up of 10 metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan. The Grade I buildings in each borough are listed separately. Manchester, the world's first industrialised city,[3] has 15 of Greater Manchester's 45 Grade I listed buildings, the highest number of any borough. Oldham is the only borough to have no listed buildings with a Grade I rating.[4] The River Irwell forms the boundary between Manchester and Salford, so one listed structure, the railway bridge over the Irwell, has been listed under both Manchester and Salford.

Most of Greater Manchester's listed buildings date from the Victorian and Edwardian periods.[1] According to an Association for Industrial Archaeology publication, Greater Manchester is "one of the classic areas of industrial and urban growth in Britain, the result of a combination of forces that came together in the 18th and 19th centuries: a phenomenal rise in population, the appearance of the specialist industrial town, a transport revolution, and weak local lordship".[5] Much of the region, historically a part of Lancashire, was at the forefront of textile manufacturing from the early 19th century until the early 20th century, and the county includes several former mill towns.[6][7] Greater Manchester has a wealth of industrial heritage, represented by industrial architecture found throughout the county,[7] but most of its Grade I listed buildings have a municipal, ecclesiastic or other cultural heritage.

The oldest Grade I listed structure in Greater Manchester is the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin in Eccles, completed in the 13th century but greatly expanded since then. There are eight listed manor houses, the earliest of which date from the 14th century; Wardley Hall, still in use today as the residence of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Salford, has the preserved skull of St Ambrose Barlow – one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales – on display in a niche at the top of the main staircase.[8] Three buildings are attributed to engineer George Stephenson. One of them, Liverpool Road railway station, is the oldest surviving railway station in the world.[9] The newest Grade I listed building in Greater Manchester is Royd House, built and designed by Edgar Wood in 1916 as his residence.[10] Twenty-two buildings, almost half of the total, were completed in the 19th century.

Bolton[edit]

Bury[edit]

Manchester[edit]

Rochdale[edit]

Salford[edit]

Stockport[edit]

Tameside[edit]

Trafford[edit]

Wigan[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "What is a listed building?". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 8 December 2007. 
  2. ^ "Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (c. 9)". Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 17 December 2007. 
  3. ^ Kidd, Alan (2006). 'Manchester: A History'. Carnegie Publishing. ISBN 1-85936-128-5. Archived from the original on December 27, 2007. 
  4. ^ "Statistics by County". Images of England. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 
  5. ^ McNeil & Nevell (2000), p. 2.
  6. ^ Cowhig, W. T. (1976). It Happened Round Greater Manchester; Textiles. Greater Manchester Council. 
  7. ^ a b McNeil & Nevell (2000), pp. 2–3.
  8. ^ "Wardley Hall". Images of England. Retrieved 22 January 2008. 
  9. ^ "History of the Museum". Museum of Science and Industry. Retrieved 22 January 2008. 
  10. ^ a b English Heritage. "Royd House (1067922)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  11. ^ English Heritage. "10, Firwood Fold (1388038)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  12. ^ English Heritage. "Smithills Hall (1388279)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  13. ^ English Heritage. "Hall i th Wood (1388052)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  14. ^ English Heritage. "Church of All Saints (1356818)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  15. ^ Barnet, Stewart. "The Parish Church of All Saints' Stand, Whitefield". allsaintsmanchester.org. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  16. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Mary and St Bartholomew (1163125)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Church of St Mary". bury.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 December 2007. 
  18. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Mary (1067252)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  19. ^ English Heritage. "Radcliffe Tower (1309271)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Albert Memorial". English Heritage. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "Baguley Hall". English Heritage. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  22. ^ Canniffe (1998), p. 77.
  23. ^ "History of Cathedral conservation area". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007. 
    "Chetham's Hospital School". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007. 
    "Listed buildings in Manchester by street (L)". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007. 
    "Chetham's Library, Manchester". Bridgeman Art Library. Retrieved 14 December 2007. 
    English Heritage. "Chetham's Hospital and Attached Wall (1283015)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  24. ^ English Heritage. "Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Name of Jesus (1271296)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "Church of St Ann". English Heritage. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  26. ^ "The Edgar Wood Centre". English Heritage. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  27. ^ Canniffe (1998), pp. 6, 35.
  28. ^ "Listed buildings in Manchester by street (K)". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007. 
  29. ^ English Heritage. "Former Bank of England (1282404)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  30. ^ English Heritage. "Heaton Hall (1200809)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  31. ^ English Heritage. "John Rylands Library and Attached Railings, Gate and Lamp Standards (1217800)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  32. ^ English Heritage. "Former Liverpool Road Railway Station Masters House (1291477)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  33. ^ English Heritage. "City Art Gallery (1282980)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  34. ^ English Heritage. "Cathedral Church of St Mary (1218041)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  35. ^ English Heritage. "Town Hall (1207469)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  36. ^ English Heritage. "Old Warehouse to North of Former Liverpool Road Railway Station (1282991)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  37. ^ a b The River Irwell is the boundary between Manchester and Salford, so one end of this bridge is in Manchester, the other is in Salford. "Railway bridge over the River Irwell". Images of England. Retrieved 24 December 2007. 
  38. ^ a b English Heritage. "Railway bridge Over River Irwell to Former Liverpool Road Station (1270603)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  39. ^ "Church of Saint Edmund and Associated Boundary Wall, Railings and Gates". English Heritage. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  40. ^ The church has parts dating from 1120 and 1412, but substantially from 1524. The wooden steeple, built in 1667 on top of the stone tower, is believed to be one of three remaining in the country. "Church of St Leonard". vmims.com. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2007. 
  41. ^ "Church of St Leonard". vmims.com. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2007. 
  42. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Leonard (1162332)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  43. ^ Cunningham, C. (1981). Victorian & Edwardian Town Halls. Routeledge. 
  44. ^ English Heritage. "Town Hall (1084275)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  45. ^ a b c "Index to the List of Buildings, Structures and Features of Architectural, Archaeological or Historic Interest in Salford". Salford City Council. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 
  46. ^ "Ordsall Hall". Images of England. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 
  47. ^ "St Mary's Church". Images of England. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 
  48. ^ "St Mark's Church, Worsley". GENUKI.org.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2008. 
  49. ^ Hyde, O'Rourke & Portland (2004), p. 77.
  50. ^ "Wardley Hall". Images of England. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 
  51. ^ English Heritage. "Bramall Hall (1260476)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  52. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1969). The Buildings of England: South Lancashire. Penguin Books. pp. 371–72. ISBN 0-14-071036-1. 
  53. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Elisabeth (1356851)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  54. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St George, Stockport (1067194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  55. ^ Hartwell et al. (2011), p. 609.
  56. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St George (1067194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  57. ^ "Statutory Listing - St Thomas' Church St Thomas' Place". Stockport Historic Environment Database. Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  58. ^ "Church of St Thomas". Images of England. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  59. ^ Arrowsmith, Peter (1997). Stockport: a history. Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council. ISBN 0-905164-99-7. 
  60. ^ "Church of St Mary". Images of England. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 
  61. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Mary, Cheadle (1241643)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  62. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hubbard, Edward (2003) [1971]. The Buildings of England: Cheshire. Yale University Press. p. 127. ISBN 0-300-09588-0. 
  63. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Anne (1309251)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  64. ^ "Church of St Anne". Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 
  65. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Michael and All Angels (1162800)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  66. ^ "Church of All Saints". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  67. ^ "Dunham Hall". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  68. ^ "Carriage House Immediately to South of Kitchen Courtyard". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  69. ^ "Stables to South of Hall". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  70. ^ "Old Church of St Werburg". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  71. ^ "Church of St Wilfrid". English Heritage. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i The date given is the date used by English Heritage as significant for the initial building or that of an important part in the structure's description.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i The "List Entry Number" is a unique number assigned to each listed building/ scheduled monument by English Heritage.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester at Wikimedia Commons