Grade I listed buildings in Mendip

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Mendip is a local government district in the English county of Somerset. The Mendip district covers a largely rural area of 285 square miles (738 km2)[1] ranging from the Mendip Hills through on to the Somerset Levels. It has a population of approximately 11,000.[1] The administrative centre of the district is Shepton Mallet.

In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance; Grade I structures are those considered to be "buildings of exceptional interest".[2] Listing was begun by a provision in the Town and Country Planning Act 1947. Once listed, severe restrictions are imposed on the modifications allowed to a building's structure or its fittings. In England, the authority for listing under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990[3] rests with English Heritage, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport; local authorities have a responsibility to regulate and enforce the planning regulations.

There are 90 Grade I listed buildings in Mendip. Most are Norman- or medieval-era churches, many of which are included in the Somerset towers, a collection of distinctive, mostly spireless Gothic church towers. The greatest concentrations of Grade I listed buildings are in Wells and Glastonbury. In Wells these are clustered around the 10th-century Cathedral Church of St Andrew, better known as Wells Cathedral, and the 13th-century Bishop's Palace.[4] Glastonbury is the site of the Abbey, where construction started in the 7th century,[5] and its associated buildings. The ruined St Michael's church, damaged in an earthquake of 1275,[6] stands on Glastonbury Tor, where the site shows evidence of occupation from Neolithic times and the Dark Ages.[7] The Chalice Well has been in use since Pre-Christian times.[8] Glastonbury Abbey had a wider influence outside the town: tithe barns were built at Pilton[9] and West Bradley[10] to hold tithes, and a Fish House[11] was built at Meare along with a summer residence for the Abbot (now Manor Farmhouse[12]).

Medieval structures include Farleigh Hungerford Castle, fortified around 1370,[13] and The George Inn at Norton St Philip, used as an army headquarters during the Monmouth Rebellion in 1685, and then as a courtroom to try the rebels in the Bloody Assizes.[14] Manor houses such as the 15th-century Seymours Court Farmhouse[15] at Beckington and The Old Manor at Croscombe. Mells Manor followed in the 16th century and in the 17th century Southill House[16] in Cranmore was built. Ston Easton Park[17] and Ammerdown House[18] in Kilmersdon were both completed in the 18th century. The most recent buildings included in the list are churches: the Church of St Peter at Hornblotton, built in 1872–74 by Sir Thomas Graham Jackson to replace a medieval church on the same site,[19] and Downside Abbey at Stratton-on-the-Fosse, more formally known as "The Basilica of St Gregory the Great at Downside", a Roman Catholic Benedictine monastery and the Senior House of the English Benedictine Congregation. The current buildings were started in the 19th century and are still unfinished.[20]

Buildings[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The date given is the date used by Historic England as significant for the initial building or that of an important part in the structure's description.
  2. ^ Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
  3. ^ The "List Entry Number" is a unique number assigned to each listed building/ scheduled monument by Historic England.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "A Portrait of Mendip". Mendip District Council. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  2. ^ "What is a listed building?". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 8 December 2007. 
  3. ^ "Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (c. 9)". Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 17 December 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "The Bishop's Palace and Bishop's House". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Historic England. "Glastonbury Abbey (1345447)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Earthquake Listing". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 25 December 2007. 
  7. ^ "The Glastonbury Tor Maze". About Glastonbury Tor. Retrieved 25 December 2007. 
  8. ^ a b Historic England. "The Chalice Well (1167594)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Historic England. "Former Tithe Barn in farmyard at Cumhill Farm (1058842)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Historic England. "Court Barn (1175792)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "The Abbot's Fish House". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Historic England. "Manor Farmhouse with attached range of outbuildings (1175936)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  13. ^ "Licence to crenellate Farleigh Hungerford Castle granted 1383 Nov 26". The Gatehouse. Retrieved 30 May 2009. 
  14. ^ "History". The George Inn. Retrieved 20 May 2009. 
  15. ^ a b Historic England. "Seymours Court Farmhouse (1058220)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Historic England. "The Old Manor (1174843)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Historic England. "Ston Easton Park (1345108)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  18. ^ a b Historic England. "Ammerdown House and stables. Now known as Ammerdown Study Centre (1058685)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  19. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Peter (1058789)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  20. ^ a b Historic England. "Abbey Church of St Gregory the Great, Downside Abbey (1058633)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  21. ^ Historic England. "1 St Andrew Street (1383102)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "1 - 13 Vicars Close (1383197)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  23. ^ Historic England. "14 - 27 Vicars Close (1383199)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  24. ^ Historic England. "Abbey Tithe Barn, including attached wall to east (1057953)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  25. ^ "Abbot's Kitchen, Glastonbury Abbey". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  26. ^ "Bishop Burnell's Great Hall". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  27. ^ Historic England. "Boundary Walls to 1 - 13 Vicars Close (1383198)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  28. ^ Historic England. "Boundary walls to 14 - 27 Vicars Close (1383200)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  29. ^ "Brown's Gatehouse". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  30. ^ Historic England. "Cathedral Church of St Andrew and chapter house and cloisters (1382901)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  31. ^ Historic England. "Chapel of St Leonard, perimeter wall and gateway, Farleigh Hungerford Castle (1345336)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  32. ^ Historic England. "Chapter House to Cathedral of St Andrew (1382900)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  33. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Aldhelm (1217750)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  34. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1058488)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  35. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1174267)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  36. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1058297)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  37. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew (1295876)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  38. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Bartholomew (1058528)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  39. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Benedict (1057966)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  40. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Cuthbert (1383111)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  41. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Dunstan (1345010)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  42. ^ Historic England. "Church of St George (1345317)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  43. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Giles (1058345)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  44. ^ Historic England. "Church of St James (1058471)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  45. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (1345459)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  46. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (1058818)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  47. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Lawrence (1177825)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  48. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Lawrence (1345357)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  49. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Leonard (1058276)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  50. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Leonard (1058592)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  51. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Margaret (1177624)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  52. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1058710)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  53. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1345127)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  54. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1058711)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  55. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1058750)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  56. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1058224)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  57. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, causeway bridge and gates (1058142)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  58. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene (1345137)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  59. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene (1345167)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  60. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene (1295880)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  61. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin (1234822)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  62. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin (1174682)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  63. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Matthew (1295105)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  64. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Michael (1345316)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  65. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas (1345049)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  66. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Peter (1059172)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  67. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Peter and St Paul (1307311)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  68. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Peter and St Paul (1345202)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  69. ^ Historic England. "Church of the Holy Trinity (1058753)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  70. ^ Historic England. "Church of the Holy Trinity (1345303)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  71. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Vigor (1345110)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  72. ^ Historic England. "Churchyard cross in churchyard south of porch Church of St Mary Magdalene (1177454)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  73. ^ Historic England. "Churchyard cross in the churchyard about 9 metres south of south aisle, Church of St Nicholas (1175863)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  74. ^ Historic England. "Cloisters to Cathedral Church of St Andrew (1382902)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  75. ^ Historic England. "Farleigh Hungerford Castle (1058117)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  76. ^ Historic England. "Former Rook Lane Congregational Chapel (1167729)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  77. ^ Historic England. "Gatehouse and boundary wall with bridge over moat (1382876)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  78. ^ Historic England. "Gatehouse to west of Manor Farmhouse (1175158)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  79. ^ "George Hotel and Pilgrims' Inn". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  80. ^ Historic England. "Mells Manor and garden walls to rear (1058351)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  81. ^ Historic England. "Penniless Porch (1383024)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  82. ^ Historic England. "Southill House and outbuildings (1058567)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  83. ^ "St John's Priory with front boundary wall and railings". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  84. ^ Historic England. "St Michaels church tower, Tor Hill (1345475)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  85. ^ "The Bishop's Barn". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  86. ^ "The Bishop's Chapel and the Bishop's Palace". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  87. ^ "The Bishop's Eye". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  88. ^ Historic England. "The Blue House (1345500)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  89. ^ Historic England. "The chain gate with approach staircase (1382904)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  90. ^ Historic England. "The Gatehouse (1345035)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  91. ^ Historic England. "The George Inn (1174953)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  92. ^ Historic England. "The Old Deanery (1382906)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  93. ^ Historic England. "Old Deanery Court with link wall along east side (1382907)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  94. ^ Historic England. "Gatehouse and south boundary wall to the Old Deanery (1382908)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  95. ^ Historic England. "The Tribunal (1345457)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  96. ^ "The Vicars' Chapel". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  97. ^ "The Vicars' Hall including number 28". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  98. ^ "The well house about 35 metres north of Bishop's Palace". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  99. ^ Historic England. "Tithe Barn in farmyard at Manor Farm (1221353)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 

External links[edit]