Gradiška, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Gradiška
Градишка
A town area of Gradiška/Bosanska Gradiška
A town area of Gradiška/Bosanska Gradiška
Coat of arms of Gradiška
Coat of arms
Gradiška is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gradiška
Gradiška
Location of Gradiška/B within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 45°08′N 17°15′E / 45.133°N 17.250°E / 45.133; 17.250
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity  Republika Srpska
Region Krajina
Government
 • Mayor Zoran Latinović (SDS)
Area
 • Total 761,74 km2 (29,411 sq mi)
Elevation 163 m (535 ft)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 56,727
 • Density 74,5/km2 (1,930/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 78400
Area code(s) +387 51
Website www.opstina-gradiska.com

Gradiška (Cyrillic: Градишка)[1] is a town and municipality in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, part of the Republika Srpska entity. The municipality is geographically located in eastern Krajina region, and the town is situated on the Lijevče plain, on the right bank of the Sava river across from Stara Gradiška, Croatia, and about 40 km (25 mi) north of Banja Luka.

History[edit]

According to the written documents, Bosanska Gradiška was first mentioned a little more than 700 years ago under the name of Gradiški Brod. Bosanska Gradiška was mentioned as a free town. In the Middle Ages, Gradiška had major importance as the place where the Sava river used to be crossed.

Following the outbreak of the First Serbian Uprising (1804), in the Sanjak of Smederevo (modern Central Serbia), the Jančić's Revolt broke out in the Bosanska Gradiška region against the Ottoman government in the Bosnia Eyalet, following the erosion of the economic, national and religious rights of Serbs. Hajduks also arrived from Serbia, and were especially active on the Kozara. Jovan Jančić Sarajlija organized the uprising with help from Metropolitan Benedikt Kraljević. The peasants took up arms on 23 September 1809, in the region of Gradiška, beginning from Mašići. The fighting began on 25 September, and on the same night, the Ottomans captured and executed Jančić. The rebels retreated to their villages, except those in Kozara and Motajica who continued, and offered strong resistance until their defeat in mid-October, after extensive looting and burning of villages by the Ottomans.[2]

Another revolt broke out in 1834, in Mašići.[3]

From 1929 to 1941, Bosanska Gradiška was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Culture[edit]

Serbian Orthodox church in Gradiška.

The town has a Serbian Orthodox cathedral dedicated to the Mother of God.

Demographics[edit]

1971[edit]

53,581 total

1991[edit]

In 1991, the municipality of Gradiška had a population of 59,974, including:

  • 39,630 Serbs (49.4%)
  • 15,297 Bosniaks (20.2%)
  • 1,894 Croats (3.2%)
  • 1,811 Yugoslavs (3.0%)
  • 1,342 others (2.5%)

The town of Gradiška itself had 18,671 residents, including:

  • 43.5% Bosniaks
  • 37.7% Serbs
  • 10.3% Yugoslavs
  • 4.6% Croats
  • 3.9% others

Settlements[edit]

The municipality includes 69 total settlements: • AdžićiBerekBistricaBok JankovacBrestovčinaBukovacCerovljaniCimirotiČatrnjaČelinovacČikuleDonja DolinaDonja JurkovicaDonji KarajzovciDonji PodgradciDrageljiDubraveElezagićiGašnicaGornja DolinaGornja JurkovicaGornja LipovačaGornji KarajzovciGornji Podgradci • Gradiška • GrbavciGredaJablanicaJazovacKijevciKočićevoKozaraKozinciKrajišnikKruškikLaminci BreziciLaminci DubraveLaminci JaružaniLaminci SređaniLiskovacLužaniMačkovacMašićiMičijeMiloševo BrdoMiljevićiMokriceNova TopolaNovo SeloOrahovaOrubicaPetrovo SeloRogoljiRomanovciRovineSamardžijeSeferovciSovjakSrednja JurkovicaŠaškinovciTrebovljaniTrnovacTrošeljiTurjakVakufVilusiVrbaškaŽeravica

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ the official web site of the municipality, Gradiška/Градишка.
  2. ^ Стојан Бијелић. Машићка буна. Врбаске новине бр. 107 ст. 5, 1933. (извор)
  3. ^ :: Www.Gradiskasela.Net ::

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°08′N 17°15′E / 45.133°N 17.250°E / 45.133; 17.250