Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
||This article uses bare URLs for citations, which may be threatened by link rot. (July 2014)|
|Type||Computer-based standardized test|
|Developer / administrator||Conducted jointly by IISc and 7 IITs on behalf of the National Co-ordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.|
|Knowledge/skill(s) tested||Undergraduate level knowledge of the chosen engineering or science discipline.|
|Purpose||Post-graduate engineering admissions, screening for entry-level engineering jobs, etc.|
|Year started||1984citation needed][|
|Score/grade range||Marks (unscaled) out of 100, in 0.33 point increments.
Score (scaled) out of 1000, in 1 point increments.
|Score/grade validity||2 years (till GATE 2014); 3 years (GATE 2015 onward).|
|Offered||Once every year (usually in February).|
|Country(ies) / region(s)||Over 660 centres all over India.|
|Annual no. of test takers||889,156 in 2014|
|Prerequisites / eligibility criteria||Final year student or graduate of Bachelor's degree (or equivalent) in engineering/ architecture or Master's degree (or equivalent) in science, computer applications, etc.|
|Fee||750 (US$12) for female, SC, ST and physically challenged candidates.
1500 (US$24) for all other candidates.
|Scores/grades used by||Various Indian engineering colleges offering post-graduate education, several public sector Indian companies recruiting engineers, etc.|
|Qualification rate||16.84 % in 2014|
The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.
The GATE score of a candidate reflects the relative performance level of a candidate. The score is used for admissions to various post-graduate education programs (e.g. Master of Engineering, Master of Technology, Doctor of Philosophy) in Indian higher education institutes, with financial assistance provided by MHRD and other government agencies. Recently, GATE scores are also being used by several Indian public sector undertakings (i.e., government-owned companies) for recruiting graduate engineers in entry-level positions. It is one of the most competitive examinations in India.
- 1 Financial assistance in post-graduate programs
- 2 Eligibility to take GATE
- 3 GATE disciplines and structure
- 4 Result and test score
- 5 Qualifying marks
- 6 Statistics
- 7 Difficulty level of GATE
- 8 Admission to post-graduate programs
- 9 Recruitment through GATE
- 10 Changes in recent years
- 11 Year and Organizing Institute
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Financial assistance in post-graduate programs
A valid GATE score is essential for obtaining financial assistance during Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/Technology/Architecture, and Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Science in Institutes supported by the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) or other Government agencies. As per the directives of MHRD, the following procedure is to be adopted for admission to the post-graduate programs (Master’s and Doctoral) with MHRD scholarship/assistant-ship: Depending upon the norms adopted by a specific institute or department of the Institute, a candidate may be admitted directly into a course based on his/her performance in GATE only or based on his/her performance in GATE and an admission test / interview conducted by the department to which he/she has applied and/or the candidate’s academic record. If the candidate is to be selected through test/interview for post-graduate programs, the minimum of 70% weightage is given to the performance in GATE and the remaining 30% weight age can be given to the candidate’s performance in test/interview and/or academic record. The admitting institutes can, however, prescribe a minimum passing percentage of marks in the test/interview. Some colleges/institutes specify GATE qualification as the mandatory requirement even for admission without MHRD scholarship/assistant-ship.
To avail the financial assistance (scholarship), the candidate must first secure admission to a program in these Institutes, by a procedure that could vary from institute to institute. Qualification in GATE is also a minimum requirement to apply for various fellowships awarded by many Government organizations. The criteria for postgraduate admission with scholarship/assistant-ship could be different for different institutions.
In December 2014, the University Grants Commission and Ministry of Human Resources Development announced that the scholarship for GATE-qualified postgraduate students is increased by 55%, from 8000 (US$130) per month to 12400 (US$190) per month.
Eligibility to take GATE
The following are eligible to take GATE:
- Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture (4 years after 10+2/ Post-B.Sc./ Post-Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
- Master’s degree holders in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
- Candidates in the second or higher year of Four-year integrated Master’s degree programs (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/ Technology.
- Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year integrated Master’s degree programs or Dual Degree programs in Engineering/Technology.
- Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by iE(i), AMICE(i) by the institute of Civil Engineers (India)-iCE(i)) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech.
Those who have completed section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.
GATE disciplines and structure
At present, GATE is conducted in the following 22 disciplines. A candidate can select any one of these.
|GATE Paper||Code||GATE Paper||Code|
|Aerospace Engineering||AE||Geology and Geophysics||GG|
|Agricultural Engineering||AG||Instrumentation Engineering||IN|
|Architecture and Planning||AR||Mathematics||MA|
|Civil Engineering||CE||Mining Engineering||MN|
|Chemical Engineering||CH||Metallurgical Engineering||MT|
|Computer Science and Information Technology||CS||Physics||PH|
|Chemistry||CY||Production and Industrial Engineering||PI|
|Electronics and Communication Engineering||EC||Textile Engineering and Fiber Science||TF|
|Electrical Engineering||EE||Engineering Sciences||XE*|
|Ecology and Evolution||EY||Life Sciences||XL**|
|* Engineering Sciences (XE) Paper Sections
(A and any 2 of B to G)
|Code||** Life Sciences (XL) Paper Sections
(H and any 2 of I to M)
|Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory)||A||Chemistry (Compulsory)||H|
|Polymer Science and Engineering||F||Food Technology||M|
General aptitude questions
Each subject's test contains 10 questions that test the "general aptitude" (language and analytic skills), apart from the core subject of the discipline.
Duration and examination type
The examination is of 3 hours duration, and contains a total of 65 questions worth a maximum of 100 marks. From 2014 onward, the examination for all the papers is carried out in an online Computer Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates are shown the questions in a random sequence on a computer screen. The questions consist of both multiple choice questions (four answer options out of which the correct one has to be chosen) and numerical answer type questions (answer is a real number, to be entered via an on-screen keypad and computer mouse). Candidates are provided with blank paper sheets for rough work and these have to be returned after the examination. At the end of the 3-hour window, the computer automatically closes the screen from further actions.
Result and test score
GATE results are usually declared about one month after the examinations are over. The results show the total marks scored by a candidate, the GATE score, the all-India rank and the cut off marks for various categories in the candidate's paper. The score is valid for 3 years from the date of announcement of the results. The score cards are issued only to qualified candidates.
Normalized GATE Score (new procedure)
Calculation of "normalized marks" for subjects held in multiple sessions (CE, CS, EC, EE and ME):
In 2014, examination for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects is being held in multiple sessions. Hence, for these subjects, a suitable normalization is applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question sets across different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that "in all multi-session GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions". According to the GATE committee, this assumption is justified since "the number of candidates appearing in multi-session subjects in GATE 2014 is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random. Further it is also ensured that for the same multi-session subject, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude."
Based on the above, and considering various normalization methods, the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks, for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects:
Normalized mark (ij) of jth candidate in ith session, is given by
ij = Mgt - Mgq/ ( Mij - Miq ) + Mgq
- Mij is the actual marks obtained by the jth candidate in the ith session,
- Mgt is the average marks of the top 0.1 % candidates in all sessions of that subject,
- Mgq is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all sessions of that subject,
- Mti is the average of marks of top 0.1 % candidates in the ith session of that subject,
- Miq is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in the ith session of that subject.
After evaluation of the answers, normalized marks based on the above formula will be calculated using the raw (actual) marks obtained by a candidate in the CE, CS, EC, EE or ME subject. The "score" will be calculated using these normalized marks. For all other subjects (whose tests are conducted in a single session), the actual marks obtained by the candidates will be used in calculating the score.
Calculation of GATE Score for all subjects (both single-session and multiple-session):
From GATE 2014 onward (and year 2014-15 of the 2-year validity period of GATE 2013 score), a candidate's GATE score is computed by the following new formula.
- S = Score (normalized) of a candidate,
- M = Marks obtained by a candidate ("normalized marks" in case of multiple-session subjects CE, CS, EC, EE and ME),
- Mq = Qualifying marks for general category candidates in that subject (usually 25 or μ + σ, whichever is higher),
- μ = Average (i.e. arithmetic mean) of marks of all candidates in that subject,
- σ = Standard deviation of marks of all candidates in that subject,
- Mt = Average marks of top 0.1 % candidates (for subjects with 10000 or more appeared candidates) or top 10 candidates (for subjects with less than 10000 appeared candidates),
- St = 900 = Score assigned to Mt,
- Sq = 350 = Score assigned to Mq.
A candidate's percentile denotes the percentage of candidates scoring lower than that particular candidate. It is calculated as:
Percentile = ( 1 - All India rank/ ) x 100%
Till GATE 2012 (and year 2013-14 of the 2-year validity period of GATE 2013 score), the score was calculated using the formula:
GATE score =
- m = Marks obtained by the candidate,
- a = Average of marks of all candidates who appeared in that subject, in that year, with marks less than zero converted to zero,
- S = Standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared in that subject, in that year, with marks less than zero converted to zero,
- ag = Global average of marks of all candidates who appeared across all subjects in current and past 3 years (i.e. 2010 to 2013 for GATE 2013), with marks less than zero converted to zero,
- sg = Global standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared across all subjects in current and past 3 years (i.e. 2010 to 2013 for GATE 2013), with marks less than zero converted to zero.
The rules for qualifying marks have varied from year to year. The qualifying marks (out of 100) are different for different subjects as well as categories.
|Category||Qualifying mark (out of 100)|
|General (GN)||25 or μ + σ, whichever is higher.|
|Other backward classes (OBC)||90% of general category's qualifying mark.|
|Scheduled castes (SC) and scheduled tribes (ST)||2/3 (i.e., 66.67%) of general category's qualifying mark.|
Here μ is the average (i.e., arithmetic mean) of marks of all candidates in the subject (with negative marks converted to zero) and σ is the standard deviation of all marks in that subject.
Usually, the general category's qualifying mark is in the 25 to 50 range.
The Government of India implemented reservations for other backward classes (non-creamy layer) in college admissions and public sector job recruitment in the year 2008. Before that, all OBC candidates were included in the "general" category. There was no separate OBC category then.
The total number of candidates appearing in GATE (across all subjects) increased till 2013. In 2014, it decreased slightly.
|Year||Number of candidates appearing|
|Year||Total number of candidates appearing||Reference(s)|
|2011||Approximately 553,000 *|||
|2010||Approximately 414,000 *|||
|2009||Approximately 230,000 *|||
|2008||Approximately 170,000 to 180,000 *|||
* Precise figures unavailable right now.
The following line chart shows the variation of the number of candidates appeared in the top 5 subjects, since GATE 2010:
|Year||Electronics and Communication Engineering||Computer Science and Information Technology||Mechanical Engineering||Electrical Engineering||Civil Engineering||Others||Total||Reference(s)|
|2010||104291||107086||59338||52246||19406||About 72000||About 414000|||
|2011||137853||136027||81175||72680||29347||About 96000||About 553000|||
|GATE 2012 statistics|
The three hour test in 21 papers was conducted in 860 centers and 170 cities/towns across the country on two days: the computer based online exam in six papers on 29 January 2012 and the offline exam in the remaining fifteen papers on 12 February 2012. A total of 7,77,134 candidates registered for GATE 2012 and 6,86,614 candidates appeared for the exam. Nearly 81% of the total number of candidates who appeared for GATE 2012 were from four papers: Electronics and Communication Engineering (1,76,944), Computer Science and Information Technology (1,56,780), Mechanical Engineering (1,12,320) and Electrical Engineering (1,10,125).
The total number of candidates qualified in GATE 2012 is 1,08,526. This year, 30,294 OBC candidates qualified in the test, while 23,765 SC/ST and 447 physically challenged candidates qualified. Out of 1,85,198 female candidates who appeared in GATE 2012, 22,896 candidates qualified.
The IIT Delhi zone topped among the other zones with 18,927 candidates figuring in the list of qualified candidates, followed by IIT Madras (17,343), IIT Kharagpur (15,735), IISc Bangalore (14,379), IIT Kanpur (12,469), IIT Roorkee (12,328), IIT Bombay (12,287), and IIT Guwahati (5,058).
|GATE 2013 statistics|
A total of 1,200,728 candidates registered for GATE 2013 and 984,855 candidates (82.02%) appeared for the exam, of which 136,699 (13.88%) qualified in GATE 2013.
The three-hour test was conducted on two days over four sessions in total. The computer based online exam for 2,02,223 candidates in fifteen papers was conducted in 572 centers spread over 123 cities and towns across the country on 20 January 2013. The offline exam for 9,98,505 candidates in the remaining six papers was conducted in 992 centers spread over 183 cities and towns across the country on 10 February 2013.
A larger fraction of the registered men appeared (88%) for the exam than women candidates (72%). Nearly 81% of the total number of candidates who appeared for GATE 2013 were from four papers: Electronics and Communication Engineering (2,56,135), Computer Science and Information Technology (2,24,160), Mechanical Engineering (1,65,814) and Electrical Engineering (1,52,381).
Women formed 20.9% of the total qualified candidates. As per the candidate supplied category (General, OBC-NC, SC, and ST) information, among the qualified candidates, 72,125 belong to General, 41,237 to OBC-NC, 18,936 to SC, and 4,401 to ST category. Physically challenged candidates comprised a total of 1,136 among the qualified in various categories.
The top five States that had qualified candidates as their permanent residence were Andra Pradesh (22,476), Uttar Pradesh (22,400), Maharashtra (9,951), Bihar (9,820), and Kerala (8,992).
The city of New Delhi has the maximum number of qualified candidates who had mentioned it as their correspondence address. "Correspondence address City" has a slightly different bearing compared to the "Permanent State". While the Permanent Residence State often relates to the “Native” State or State where their Parents/Guardians live, the Correspondence City is mostly related to the current residence, which is more likely to be the place of study or employment.
|GATE 2014 statistics|
A total of 1,033,625 candidates registered, of which 889,156 candidates (86.02%) appeared for the exam. Out of the total candidates registered, 30.17% were female candidates while the rest were male candidates and others.
Out of the registered candidates, 86% of the Male and 85% of the Female registrants appeared for the examination. In terms of the number of candidates, the five largest papers were: Electronics and Communication Engineering (2,16,367), Mechanical Engineering (1,85,578), Computer Science and Information Technology (1,55,190), Electrical Engineering (1,41,799) and Civil Engineering (90,872). Examination for all these papers was conducted in multi-session mode. A suitable normalization method was followed for these papers.
In GATE 2014, based on the qualified marks criterion, 149,694 (16.84%) candidates qualified (i.e., received scorecards). In terms of the category as declared by the candidates [General, OBC (non-creamy layer), SC, ST and PwD], 85,063 General, 42,287 OBC (non-creamy layer), 17,085 SC, 4,224 ST and 1,035 PwD candidates qualified. The number of female qualified candidates was 31,431 (21% of the total).
Difficulty level of GATE
GATE, for long, has been known to test the Engineering basics in a smart way. Complaints of "lengthy" problems have been rare. But the task of mastering an entire course of Engineering (30 plus subjects) for a three hour test, itself gives the test a certain level of toughness. Each year, only around 15% of all appearing candidates qualify.
Admission to post-graduate programs
Unlike undergraduate admissions in India, candidates must apply individually to each institute after the institute has published its M.Tech. notification (usually in the month of March). There is no separate counselling held.
Some institutions specify GATE qualification as mandatory even for admission of self-financing students to postgraduate programs. GATE qualified candidates are also eligible for the award of Junior Research Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories and CSIR sponsored projects. Top rank holders in some GATE papers are entitled to apply for “Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Fellowship” awarded by CSIR. Some government organizations prescribe GATE qualification as a requirement for applying to the post of a Scientist/Engineer.
In recent years, various academicians have recognized GATE as being one of the toughest exams in its category. Some non-Indian universities like the National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University in Singapore and some technical universities in Germany also identify GATE score as a parameter for judging the quality of the candidates for admission into their Masters and Ph.D. programs.
Some management institutes like NITIE, Mumbai offer admission to Post Graduate Diploma in Industrial Engineering on the basis of GATE score.
Most Indian institutes do not specify cut-off marks for previous years. So there is a general confusion in terms of selecting institutes and specializations. But in the recent years IIT Kharagpur and IIT Guwahati have been specifying last year cut-off mark list. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi has a very detailed website on Post Graduate (PG) activities and admissions where students can find the relevant information on cut-off marks etc. Typically the Indian Institute of Science and Indian Institutes of Technology are the most selective followed by National Institutes of Technology and others. Also there are some state universities in India, whose standards and facilities are very much comparable to top IITs and NITs. Some of them are Bengal Engineering and Science University (recently converted to IIEST), Jadavpur University, Delhi Technological University, Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), Andhra University College of Engineering, Osmania University and PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh etc. Even within the top institutes, the selection criteria varies widely across departments and programs depending on expertise areas. The Directorate of Technical Education of Maharashtra state has also started conducting CAP round from the year 2013 for GATE and non-GATE candidates in all institutes in Maharashtra that offer M.E./M.Tech. programs.
CSIR's JRF - GATE fellowship
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) introduced the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) - GATE scheme in 2002 to allow GATE-qualified engineering graduates and GPAT-qualified pharmaceutical graduates to pursue research through suitable Ph.D. programs at CSIR laboratories.
Stipend and tenure:
The fellowship amount is 25000 (US$390) per month plus HRA (house rent allowance). In addition, contingency grant of 20000 (US$310) per annum (calculated on pro-rata basis for fraction of a year) is also provided. On completion of 2 years as JRF - GATE, the fellowship may be upgraded to SRF (Senior Research Fellowship) - GATE and stipend may be increased to 28000 (US$440) per month in the subsequent years, on the basis of assessment of CSIR JRF-NET guidelines.
The total duration of the fellowship is 5 years, within which the candidate is expected to complete the Ph.D. degree.
Recruitment through GATE
Public sector undertakings (PSUs) in India, for long, have had troubles conducting their recruitment processes with more than 100,000 students giving the exams for less than 1000 jobs (a selection rate of less than 1%). After sensing the exponential rise in the number of engineering graduates in India who wish to get a PSU job, the PSUs have decided that a GATE score shall be the primary criteria for initial shortlisting. This change was the primary cause for the rapid increase in applicants for GATE 2012.
Indian Oil Corporation was the first PSU which successfully tested out this system and was followed two years later by National Thermal Power Corporation, Bharat Heavy Electricals, Bharat Electronics & PowerGrid Corporation of India.
Usually these companies release their recruitment notifications right after GATE notification, indicating that candidates have to take GATE to be considered for a job in their organizations.
Latest list of companies (GATE 2015)
As of now, the following public sector undertakings have signed Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with the GATE 2015 organizing committee, for using GATE 2015 score as a screening tool for recruiting engineers at entry level positions.
[The numbers of posts mentioned are the total numbers. Of these, usually around half are reserved for candidates of scheduled castes (SCs), scheduled tribes (STs) and other backward classes (OBCs), as per norms of the Government of India.]
|No.||Company||Electronics and communication engineering||Computer science and information technology||Mechanical engineering||Electrical engineering||Civil engineering||Instrumentation engineering||Chemical engineering||Other||Total number of posts||Reference(s)|
|1.||Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd.||-||-||-|||
|2.||Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd.||-||-|||
|3.||Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.||Metallurgical engineering, Mining engineering, Geology and Geophysics|||
|4.||National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Ltd.||-||-||-||(87 posts)||-||-||-||-||87|||
|5.||Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd.||-||-||-||-||-|||
|6.||Mazagon Dock Ltd.||-||-||(25 posts)||(9 posts)||-||-||-||-||34|||
|7.||Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Ltd.||-||-||(20 posts)||(20 posts)||-||(5 posts)||-||Metallurgical engineering (2 posts), Environmental engineering (3 posts)||50|||
|8.||Oil and Natural Gas Corporation||Engineering sciences, Physics, Geology and Geophysics, Chemistry, Mathematics||745|||
|9.||Central Electronics Ltd.||-||-||-||-||-|
|10.||Coal India Ltd.||-||-||-||-||-||Geology and Geophysics, Mining engineering|
|11.||National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd.||-||-||-||-|
|12.||Punjab State Power Corporation Ltd.||-||-|
|14.||Odisha Power Generation Corporation||-||-||-|
|15.||Ircon International Ltd.||-||-||-||-|
|16.||Bharat Broadband Network Limited||-||-||-||-|
|17.||Bank Note Paper Mill India Pvt. Ltd.||-||-||-||-|
|18.||National Highways Authority of India||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|19.||Airport Authority of India||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Total number of posts||> 45||> 116||> 5||> 5||> 916|
In the above table, ">" is the "greater than" sign. The exact number of posts in each discipline can not be known, as some companies have not revealed the numbers of posts.
Changes in recent years
Year and Organizing Institute
Each year's GATE is organised by any one of 8 institutes: IISc and 7 IITs. The overall co-ordination and responsibility of conducting GATE lies with this institute, which is designated as the Organizing Institute (OI) for GATE of that year. GATE coaching institutes often make speculations regarding the topics to focus upon depending upon the institute that is the OI of that year.
|Institute||GATE editions organized|
|Indian Institute of Science||1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008.|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Madras||1985, 1991, 1997, 2003, 2011.|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi||1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2012.|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay||1987, 1993, 1999, 2005, 2013.|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur||1988, 1994, 2000, 2006, 2014.|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur||1989, 1995, 2001, 2007, 2015.|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee||2009.|
|Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati||2010.|
- Fundamentals of Engineering Examination (FE exam)
- Principles and Practice of Engineering Examination (PE exam)
- Graduate Record Examination (GRE)
- Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT)
- Common Admission Test (CAT)
- Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
- International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
- All India Engineering/Architecture Entrance Examination (AIEEE)
- Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)
- "UGC hikes basic fellowship amount, scholarships.". The Times of India. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- "UGC raises scholarship amount for GATE qualified students.". India Today. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- GATE Score Formula 2012 | GATE 2013
- "GATE 2014 Press Release" (PDF). gate.iitkgp.ac.in/gate2014. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. 27 March 2014.
- "GATE 2013 Result Statistics". www.gate.iitb.ac.in/gate2013. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. 15 March 2013.
- "Press Release on GATE 2012 Results" (PDF). www.gate.iitb.ac.in/2k12/gate2012. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. 15 March 2012.
- "GATE 2015 Syllabi.".
- "Bharat Petroleum's detailed notification regarding recruitment of engineers as Management Trainees, via GATE 2015". Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Frequently asked questions regarding BPCL's recruitment of engineers via GATE 2015". Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Hindustan Petroleum's notification regarding recruitment of Graduate Engineers through GATE 2015". Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Indian Oil's detailed advertisement regarding recruitment of Engineers/Officers through GATE 2015". Indian Oil Corporation Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Frequently asked questions regarding IOCL's recruitment of Engineers/Officers via GATE 2015". Indian Oil Corporation Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "NHPC's advertisement regarding recruitment of Trainee Engineers (Electrical) via GATE 2015". National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Power Grid's detailed notification regarding recruitment of Executive Trainees (20th batch) in electrical engineering discipline.". Power Grid Corporation of India Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Power Grid's detailed notice regarding recruitment of Executive Trainees (20th batch) in computer science/information technology and civil engineering disciplines.". Power Grid Corporation of India Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Mazagon Dock's detailed advertisement for recruitment of engineers as Executive Trainees via GATE 2015". Mazagon Dock Limited. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "GSECL's detailed advertisement regarding recruitment of Vidyut Sahayak Junior Engineers via GATE 2015.". Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "ONGC detailed advertisement of recruitment through GATE 2015.". Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "ONGC notification of recruitment through GATE 2015.". Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "What are PSUs.".
- "PSU Recruitment Through GATE". Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- GATE 2012 - Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
- GATE 2013
- Post-Exam Related Information | GATE 2013
- GATE 2014
- "GATE 2015 Information Brochure". GATE/JAM Office, IIT Kanpur. September 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- GATE 2012, organised by IIT Delhi.
- GATE 2013, organised by IIT Bombay.
- GATE 2014, organised by IIT Kharagpur.
- GATE 2015, organised by IIT Kanpur.