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Linguistic classification: Indo-European
  • Graeco-Phrygian
Glottolog: grae1234

Graeco-Phrygian /ˌɡrkˈfrɪiən/ is a hypothetical branch of the Indo-European language family with two 'child' branches: Greek and Phrygian. Greek has also been variously grouped with Armenian (Graeco-Armenian; Graeco-Aryan), Ancient Macedonian (Graeco-Macedonian) and, more recently, Messapian. Multiple or all of these, with the exception of Armenian, are sometimes (tentatively) classified under "Hellenic"; at other times, Hellenic is posited to consist of only Greek. Blažek (2005, p. 6) says that, in regard with the classification of these languages, their surviving texts—because of their scarcity and/or their nature—can't be quantified.

Brixhe (2008) points to these features Greek and Phrygian are known to have in common and in common with no other language:


Further reading[edit]

  • Blažek, Václav (2005). "Paleo-Balkanian Languages I: Hellenic Languages". Sborník prací Filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity 10. Brno: Masarykova univerzita. pp. 15–33. ISBN 80-210-3784-9. 
  • Brixhe, Claude (2002). "Interactions between Greek and Phrygian under the Roman Empire". In Adams, J. N.; Janse, Mark. Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text. Oxford University Press. pp. 246–266. 
  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2011). Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Blackwell. pp. 203, 252. 
  • Masson, Olivier (1991). "Anatolian Languages". In Boardman, John; Edwards, I. E. S. The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–9. 
  • Woudhuizen, Fred C. (2008–2009). "Phrygian & Greek". Talanta, Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society. 40–41. pp. 181–217. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014.