Grafeneck Euthanasia Centre
The Grafeneck Euthanasia Centre (German: NS-Tötungsanstalt Grafeneck) housed in Grafeneck Castle was one of Nazi Germany's killing centres as part of their euthanasia programme. Today, it is a memorial site dedicated to the victims of the state-authorised programme also referred to since as Action T4.
At least 10,500 mentally and physically disabled people, predominantly from Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, were systematically killed during 1940. It was the first place in Nazi Germany where people were killed in huge numbers in a gas chamber. This was actually the beginning of the Euthanasia Programme.
In 1929, the charitable nonprofit organisation Samariterstiftung established an asylum for disabled people. At the beginning of World War II in 1939, the building was confiscated. The killings through gas were performed between January and December 1940. Afterwards, it was used to house children and mothers with babies who had fled from the bombing of the cities. In 1965, the so-called "Garage", the place where the killings happened, was demolished. Since 1990, Grafeneck has been a memorial place.
|This article about a Baden-Württemberg building or structure is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|