||The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (December 2013)|
Graft, a form of political corruption, is the unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for personal gain. Most governmental systems have laws in place to prevent graft although this does not always halt political corruption.
A traditional example of political graft is when someone exchanges a political donation for political favor (e.g. ristournes in Quebec or tangenti in Italy). Grafting, however, does not require another individual to be involved. It is possible to skim money directly from government funds, commit acts like insider trading. William M. Tweed or "Boss Tweed" was taken out of his position in the New York State Senate to help to prevent graft and other political corruption, but this failed.
Reducing graft in Afghanistan
When USAID helped the Afghan government develop a strategy to pay civil service employees and police officers through mobile phones, it cut out so much graft that employees thought they were actually receiving a 30% raise.
- Money trail - Money loop
- Political corruption
- Political finance
- Political patronage
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