Grafton, West Virginia
|Grafton, West Virginia|
Location of Grafton, West Virginia
|• Mayor||G. Thomas Bartlett III|
|• Total||3.80 sq mi (9.84 km2)|
|• Land||3.67 sq mi (9.51 km2)|
|• Water||0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)|
|Elevation||1,024 ft (312 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||5,177|
|• Density||1,407.1/sq mi (543.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1554590|
Grafton is a city in, and county seat of, Taylor County, West Virginia, USA. The population was 5,164 at the 2010 census. The only two national cemeteries in West Virginia are located in Grafton. Mother's Day was founded in Grafton on May 10, 1908; the city is the home to the International Mother's Day Shrine. Grafton was one of the first places to observe Memorial Day in the United States.
The City of Grafton was chartered in 1856. It may have been named for John Grafton, a civil engineer of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Alternatively, it may be that railroad crews referred to the town as "Graftin" because it was the point at which a number of branch railroad lines met (grafted to) the railroad's mainline.
Tygart Lake State Park is a major nearby tourist attractions.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,164 people, 2,192 households, and 1,357 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,407.1 inhabitants per square mile (543.3 /km2). There were 2,512 housing units at an average density of 684.5 per square mile (264.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 2,192 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.1% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.
The median age in the city was 41.7 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 19% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,489 people, 2,277 households, and 1,448 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,491.1 people per square mile (575.9/km²). There were 2,575 housing units at an average density of 699.5 per square mile (270.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.07% White, 0.84% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race comprised 0.67% of the population.
There were 2,277 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $18,981, and the median income for a family was $25,161. Males had a median income of $22,765 versus $16,629 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,616. About 26.6% of families and 35.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.2% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Clair Bee, basketball coach for Long Island University & author
- Marmaduke H. Dent, justice of the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals (born in Granville, but lived in Grafton most of his life)
- Frank Gatski, Pro Football Hall of Fame center for the Cleveland Browns
- Anna Jarvis, founder of Mother's Day
- Frances Benjamin Johnston, early photographer and photojournalist; born in Grafton
- George Preston Marshall, longtime owner and president of the Washington Redskins
- Eldora Marie Bolyard Nuzum, first female editor of a daily newspaper in WV and interviewer of U.S. presidents
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 140.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Higgins,Cara, "WVPA Inducts Nuzum Into Hall of Fame", The Inter-Mountain, August 6, 2009.
- Eldora Marie Bolyard Nuzum, The West Virginia Encyclopedia, The WV Humanities Council, Charleston, WV, 2006.
- Wooley, J.T, and Peters, Gerhard, "The American Presidency", December 1, 1978 Invitational White House Interview of President Jimmy Carter by Eldora Nuzum about the Appalachian Regional Commission, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, 1999–2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grafton, West Virginia.|
- City of Grafton, West Virginia
- International Mother's Day Shrine
- Taylor County, West Virginia
- Anna Jarvis Birthplace Museum
- Tygart Lake State Park
- The Grafton 123 Coffee House & Cafe
- Mountain Statesman newspaper
- Grafton High School
- Taylor County Historical & Genealogical Society
- Valley Falls Reception Center
- West Virginia (WV) Cyclopedia article
- Taylor County Arts Council