Grafton Cinema

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Grafton Cinema
Grafton Picture House
Address Dublin
Ireland
Current use Karen Millen (clothes shop)
Construction
Opened 11 April 1911 (1911-04-11)
Closed 1 December 1973 (1973-12-01)
Reopened 18 September 1959
Architect Richard Francis Caulfield Orpen

The Grafton Cinema was a film theatre on Grafton Street in Dublin, Ireland which operated for over sixty years.

Early years[edit]

Known originally as the Grafton Picture House, the cinema opened on Easter Monday, 11 April 1911, at 72 Grafton Street.[1] It was designed by architect, Richard Francis Caulfield Orpen, brother of painter, William Orpen.[2] Continuous performances ran from 12.00 to 10.30pm each day. Admission was one shilling for adults; children were charged half-price.[1] Among the films shown during its first year was The Crusaders, which depicted the medieval conquest of Jerusalem by European armies.[3] Dublin received its first presentation of "talking pictures" in April 1914 when Thomas Edison's Kinetophone technology was demonstrated at the Grafton.[4] In late 1913 or early 1914, nationalists disrupted the programme on several occasions due to the inclusion of a British Army recruitment film.[5]

Robert Flaherty's documentary film, Man of Aran, received its Irish première at the Grafton on 6 May 1934. Éamon de Valera, President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State attended, as well as various dignitaries from politics and the arts.[6]

Relaunch[edit]

On 18 September 1959, the Grafton Cinema was relaunched as a news and cartoon cinema by its new owner, the British chain, Capital and Provincial News Theatres Ltd.[7] Instead of the full-length feature films which had previously been the staple of the cinema's listings, it now ran continuous programmes of newsreels, cartoons, and short films featuring comedy acts such as The Three Stooges and Joe McDoakes.

During the 1960s, the Grafton also became a popular late-night venue for folk and traditional Irish music concerts, featuring artists such as Sean Nós singer, Seosamh Ó hÉanaí, fiddler, Martin Fay, and tin whistle player, Seán Potts.[8] In August 1963, The Dubliners made one of their first appearances together when they performed in a midnight concert at the cinema.[9] Six months later, Ewan MacColl and Peggy Seeger made their Dublin début at the Grafton.[10]

Closure[edit]

By the early 1970s, rental incomes and property values in Grafton Street had risen significantly due to intensifying competition within the retail sector in one of the city's prime shopping districts. Vendors of freehold properties on the street, such as the Grafton Cinema, could realise substantial capital gains. This was borne out in November 1973 when the cinema was sold for £400,000, regarded as a high price at the time.[11] On 1 December, its fifteen staff were made redundant and the Grafton Cinema closed its doors for the last time.[12] Shortly afterwards it was converted into a retail outlet.[13] The site is now occupied by a branch of Karen Millen, a clothing retailer.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Irish Times, 15 April 1911, p. 4
  2. ^ Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720-1940, retrieved 30 December, 2010
  3. ^ Irish Independent, 8 August 1911, p. 8
  4. ^ The Irish Times, 21 April 1914, p. 5
  5. ^ Kevin Rockett, Luke Gibbons, John Hill, Cinema and Ireland (Croom Helm Ltd., 1987), pp. 32-3
  6. ^ The Irish Times, "Man of Aran", 7 May, 1934
  7. ^ The Irish Times, "New role for Dublin cinema", 19 September 1959
  8. ^ The Irish Times, "Peggy Seeger and Ewan MacColl in folk concert", 3 February, 1964
  9. ^ The Irish Times, "Ballads at midnight in cinema", 17 August 1963
  10. ^ Irish Independent, "Singers covered many moods", 5 February, 1964
  11. ^ The Irish Times, "Wide interest in sale of Mooney city properties", 21 November, 1973
  12. ^ Irish Independent, "Hands off our cinemas!", 11 November, 1973
  13. ^ The Irish Times, "Grafton St. property for sale", 2 June 1976