Graham County, Kansas

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Graham County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Graham County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1887
Seat Hill City
Largest city Hill City
Area
 • Total 898.67 sq mi (2,328 km2)
 • Land 898.29 sq mi (2,327 km2)
 • Water 0.38 sq mi (1 km2), 0.04%
Population
 • (2010) 2,597
 • Density 3.0/sq mi (1.2/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website grahamcountyks.com

Coordinates: 39°21′N 99°53′W / 39.350°N 99.883°W / 39.350; -99.883

Graham County (county code GH) is a county located in northwest Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,597.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Hill City[2]. The county is home to Nicodemus, founded 1877, which is the only remaining western town established by African Americans during the Reconstruction Period following the American Civil War.

History[edit]

Graham County was organized in 1880.[3] It is named for Captain John L. Graham,[4] a Union soldier killed in action at the Battle of Chickamauga in Tennessee on September 19, 1863.

Law and government[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, Graham County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1992, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 898.67 square miles (2,327.5 km2), of which 898.29 square miles (2,326.6 km2) (or 99.96%) is land and 0.38 square miles (0.98 km2) (or 0.04%) is water.[6] Graham County roughly contains 3600 quarter sections, and is the fourth county east of Colorado line and the second county south of the Nebraska line. The 100th meridian west passes nearly through its center. The average elevation in the county is 2,700 feet (820 m) above sea level. It is intersected by the south fork of Solomon River, and drained by Saline River.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 4,258
1890 5,029 18.1%
1900 5,173 2.9%
1910 8,700 68.2%
1920 7,624 −12.4%
1930 7,772 1.9%
1940 6,071 −21.9%
1950 5,020 −17.3%
1960 5,586 11.3%
1970 4,751 −14.9%
1980 3,995 −15.9%
1990 3,543 −11.3%
2000 2,946 −16.9%
2010 2,597 −11.8%
Est. 2012 2,578 [8] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 estimate
2005 KDOT Map of Graham County (map legend)

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[10] there were 2,946 people, 1,263 households, and 847 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,553 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.91% White, 3.22% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.

There were 1,263 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 23.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,286, and the median income for a family was $38,036. Males had a median income of $26,642 versus $18,222 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,050. About 8.60% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places[edit]

Towns that no longer exist[edit]

  • Fagan, Gettysburg, Roscoe, Smithfield, Springfield and Togo

Townships[edit]

Graham County is divided into thirteen townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Allodium 01325 46 0 (1) 175 (67) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°29′23″N 100°4′42″W / 39.48972°N 100.07833°W / 39.48972; -100.07833
Bryant 08850 115 0 (1) 233 (90) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°11′22″N 100°5′7″W / 39.18944°N 100.08528°W / 39.18944; -100.08528
Gettysburg 26175 83 0 (1) 227 (88) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°23′11″N 100°1′50″W / 39.38639°N 100.03056°W / 39.38639; -100.03056
Graham 27175 53 0 (1) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°31′3″N 99°47′51″W / 39.51750°N 99.79750°W / 39.51750; -99.79750
Happy 29950 72 0 (1) 233 (90) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°12′17″N 99°53′7″W / 39.20472°N 99.88528°W / 39.20472; -99.88528
Hill City 32200 Hill City 1,747 16 (41) 112 (43) 0 (0) 0.15% 39°22′17″N 99°50′29″W / 39.37139°N 99.84139°W / 39.37139; -99.84139
Indiana 34000 42 0 (1) 174 (67) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°29′28″N 99°57′59″W / 39.49111°N 99.96639°W / 39.49111; -99.96639
Millbrook 46625 150 1 (2) 159 (62) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°19′1″N 99°55′2″W / 39.31694°N 99.91722°W / 39.31694; -99.91722
Morland 48250 68 0 (1) 286 (111) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°13′46″N 99°41′15″W / 39.22944°N 99.68750°W / 39.22944; -99.68750
Nicodemus 50575 52 1 (2) 84 (32) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°24′40″N 99°38′55″W / 39.41111°N 99.64861°W / 39.41111; -99.64861
Pioneer 55900 57 0 (1) 161 (62) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°31′1″N 99°40′2″W / 39.51694°N 99.66722°W / 39.51694; -99.66722
Solomon 66300 Morland 209 1 (3) 159 (61) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°18′57″N 100°4′44″W / 39.31583°N 100.07889°W / 39.31583; -100.07889
Wildhorse 79225 Bogue 252 2 (5) 137 (53) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°20′45″N 99°40′13″W / 39.34583°N 99.67028°W / 39.34583; -99.67028
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

In art[edit]

Noted regional artist Birger Sandzén frequently painted landscapes in Graham County, where his wife's parents moved in 1906.[12] Examples include Still Water currently profiled in the collection at Kansas State University's Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art which depicts Wild Horse Creek in the county.[12]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 771. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 140. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Graham. II. A N. W. unsettled county of Kansas". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  8. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  9. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Meeting Minutes". Kansas State Board of Education. December 12, 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-29. 
  12. ^ a b North, 24-27

Works cited[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps