Graham County, Kansas
|Graham County, Kansas|
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 26, 1887|
|Largest city||Hill City|
|• Total||898.67 sq mi (2,328 km2)|
|• Land||898.29 sq mi (2,327 km2)|
|• Water||0.38 sq mi (1 km2), 0.04%|
|• Density||3.0/sq mi (1.2/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Graham County (county code GH) is a county located in northwest Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,597. Its county seat and most populous city is Hill City. The county is home to Nicodemus, founded 1877, which is the only remaining western town established by African Americans during the Reconstruction Period following the American Civil War.
- 1 History
- 2 Law and government
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Cities and towns
- 6 Townships
- 7 Education
- 8 In art
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
Law and government
Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, Graham County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1992, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 898.67 square miles (2,327.5 km2), of which 898.29 square miles (2,326.6 km2) (or 99.96%) is land and 0.38 square miles (0.98 km2) (or 0.04%) is water. Graham County roughly contains 3600 quarter sections, and is the fourth county east of Colorado line and the second county south of the Nebraska line. The 100th meridian west passes nearly through its center. The average elevation in the county is 2,700 feet (820 m) above sea level. It is intersected by the south fork of Solomon River, and drained by Saline River.
- Norton County (north)
- Phillips County (northeast)
- Rooks County (east)
- Ellis County (southeast)
- Trego County (south)
- Gove County (southwest)
- Sheridan County (west)
- Decatur County (northwest)
National protected area
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 2,946 people, 1,263 households, and 847 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,553 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.91% White, 3.22% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.
There were 1,263 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 23.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,286, and the median income for a family was $38,036. Males had a median income of $26,642 versus $18,222 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,050. About 8.60% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Name and population (2004 estimate):
Towns that no longer exist
- Fagan, Gettysburg, Roscoe, Smithfield, Springfield and Togo
Graham County is divided into thirteen townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Allodium||01325||46||0 (1)||175 (67)||0 (0)||0.06%|
|Bryant||08850||115||0 (1)||233 (90)||0 (0)||0.04%|
|Gettysburg||26175||83||0 (1)||227 (88)||0 (0)||0.04%|
|Graham||27175||53||0 (1)||186 (72)||0 (0)||0.02%|
|Happy||29950||72||0 (1)||233 (90)||0 (0)||0.05%|
|Hill City||32200||Hill City||1,747||16 (41)||112 (43)||0 (0)||0.15%|
|Indiana||34000||42||0 (1)||174 (67)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Millbrook||46625||150||1 (2)||159 (62)||0 (0)||0.04%|
|Morland||48250||68||0 (1)||286 (111)||0 (0)||0.05%|
|Nicodemus||50575||52||1 (2)||84 (32)||0 (0)||0.03%|
|Pioneer||55900||57||0 (1)||161 (62)||0 (0)||0.02%|
|Solomon||66300||Morland||209||1 (3)||159 (61)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Wildhorse||79225||Bogue||252||2 (5)||137 (53)||0 (0)||0.06%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.|
Unified school districts
Noted regional artist Birger Sandzén frequently painted landscapes in Graham County, where his wife's parents moved in 1906. Examples include Still Water currently profiled in the collection at Kansas State University's Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art which depicts Wild Horse Creek in the county.
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 771.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 140.
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "Graham. II. A N. W. unsettled county of Kansas". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
- U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
- U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Meeting Minutes". Kansas State Board of Education. December 12, 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- North, 24-27
- North, Bill. ...to build up a rich collection...:Selected Works From the Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art. Marianna Kistler Beach Museum of Art. ISBN 1-890751-11-1.
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Graham County, Kansas.|
- Official sites
- Additional information
- Graham County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
||Norton County||Phillips County|
|Sheridan County||Rooks County|
|Gove County||Trego County|