Graham Richardson

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For the Canadian television journalist, see Graham Richardson (journalist).
The Honourable
Graham Richardson
Senator for New South Wales
In office
5 March 1983 – 25 March 1994
Succeeded by Michael Forshaw
Minister for the Environment, Sport and Territories
In office
1 March 1994 – 25 March 1994
Prime Minister Paul Keating
Preceded by Ros Kelly
Succeeded by John Faulkner
Minister for Health
In office
24 March 1993 – 25 March 1994
Prime Minister Paul Keating
Preceded by Brian Howe
Succeeded by Carmen Lawrence
Vice-President of the Executive Council
In office
1 February 1991 – 18 May 1992
Prime Minister Bob Hawke
Paul Keating
Preceded by Kim Beazley
Succeeded by Ralph Willis
Minister for Transport and Communications
In office
27 December 1991 – 18 May 1992
Prime Minister Paul Keating
Preceded by John Kerin
Succeeded by Bob Collins
Minister for Social Security
In office
4 April 1990 – 27 December 1991
Prime Minister Bob Hawke
Paul Keating
Preceded by Brian Howe
Succeeded by Neal Blewett
Minister for the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories
In office
19 January 1988 – 4 April 1990
Prime Minister Bob Hawke
Preceded by John Brown
Succeeded by Ros Kelly
Minister for the Environment and the Arts
In office
24 July 1987 – 19 January 1988
Prime Minister Bob Hawke
Preceded by Barry Cohen
Succeeded by Ros Kelly
Personal details
Born (1949-09-27) 27 September 1949 (age 65)
Sydney, New South Wales
Nationality Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party
Spouse(s) Cheryl Gardener
(m. 1973) (sep.)[1]
Children Matthew Richardson[1]
Profession Politician
Nickname Richo

Graham Frederick Richardson (27 September 1949), a former Australian politician, was a Senator for New South Wales from 1983–94 for the Australian Labor Party, a senior minister in Hawke and Keating governments, and is now a political lobbyist, public speaker, and media commentator. During his time in politics, Richardson was often referred to as a right-wing power broker.[2] Prior to entering parliament, Richardson was a Labor Party branch organiser and held the position of General Secretary of the Australian Labor Party (New South Wales Branch) from 1976–1983.[3]

Early life[edit]

Richardson, born in Sydney, was the only surviving[4] child of Fred and Peggy Richardson, who were respectively New South Wales State Secretary and office manager of the Amalgamated Postal and Telecommunications Union. Raised as a Catholic, he was influenced as an adolescent by the factional fights that arose during the Labor split.[5] His early years of schooling were at Marist College Kogarah, and in November 1965, he was seriously injured in a car accident at Dolls Point where his father was driving, resulting in the removal of his spleen, and a torn bowel, plus 200 stitches to his face. A Catholic priest delivered Richardson with last rites on two occasions in hospital.[6] He later recalled:[7]

"The worst moment – not just of my adolescence but of my life – was the day they took off the bandages and I saw myself in the mirror. I cried for hours." and;
"It made me very unsettled. It really mucked me around badly, not to the point of being psychiatrically impaired but it did me a lot of harm in terms of stability and the capacity to concentrate."

Nevertheless, Richardson completed his schooling at Sydney Technical High School, where he passed his Leaving Certificate. From 1966, he was active in the Catholic Youth Organisation – a recruiting ground for the right wing of Young Labor,[8] where he formed friendships with Joe Hasham, Bob Scipelliti, and Brian Webb, – the latter two acting as silent business partners for Richardson later in life.[9] Motivated by the continued factional fighting impacting on his parents' life, Richardson joined the Monterey branch of the Labor Party in 1966, aged 17.[10] Despite earlier dropping out of an arts degree, in 1969, following his mother's encouragement, Richardson commenced studies for a Bachelor of Laws at Sydney University; however Peggy Richardson died suddenly, aged 42, distracting Richardson from his studies as he threw himself into union and Labor politics.[11]

Early political career in NSW Labor[edit]

Encouraged by a Labor right-wing factional ally, Senator Kerry Sibraa, to seek election for a role as a Labor Party branch organiser in 1971,[12] Richardson was successful, left his university studies, and discovered the powerbrokers in the NSW Right. He apprenticed himself to learn from these men, some of the toughest in the Labor Party, and progressed to become Assistant Secretary of the New South Wales (NSW) Labor Party in 1976 and General Secretary a little later that year,[3] aged 26 – the youngest ever person to hold that role. John Faulkner, of Labor's socialist left faction, was Richardson's Assistant Secretary and for eight months, so great was their mutual hatred, they did not exchange a word.[13]

Influence of Daniel Casey[edit]

Marrying Cheryl Gardiner in 1973, Richardson described the rigours of his early married life and union work to The National Times' Alan Ramsey in October 1983:[14]

....then we got married, lived in the unit (in Ramsgate) for a while, and had a baby. We moved to a new house a quarter of a mile away. It cost me heaps. I had a mortgage I couldn't possibly afford. I remember for over a year we had a gross income of $9,000 and I was paying $4,500 on the mortgage. That was hard, very hard. We were really struggling.

Richardson later told the Woodward Royal Commission that in 1973 he met Daniel Casey, a senior figure in Labor right-wing politics, and regarded him as a friend, drank with him at the Sackville Hotel in Rozelle, near Balmain, borrowed $2,000 from him, and paid it back by cheque in two instalments. Again, Ramsay reports Richardson as saying:[14]

Then in '76 I had this huge salary movement which made all these things (the mortgages and such) just not a problem at all.

However, Evan Whitton, a noted journalist and campaigner against organised crime, claims that in May 1977 Richardson's wife, Cheryl, went on the payroll, at approximately $130 a week, of Casey's Balmain Welding, but did not have to attend at the office. Richardson later told the Woodward Royal Commission, it was the policy of the company not to hire office staff, so they sent the typing out to Mrs Richardson. She kept the job until about May 1979, by which time she was getting about $160 a week from Balmain Welding.[14][15] Richardson's links with Casey were brought to public notice through the reconvening of the Woodward Royal Commission in 1980 due to allegations that Casey had funnelled $20,000, alleged to be a product of gambling and drugs, into NSW Labor. Richardson told the Commission on 28 March 1980 that Casey had not donated $20,000 to the Party, and the Commission found no evidence against Casey.[14][15]

Numbers man[edit]

In his years working at Labor's Sussex St offices, Richardson became renowned for an ability to bring in numbers; he was often referred to as a 'numbers man' for the right wing of the NSW branch of Labor. Bill Hayden claimed that Richardson once explained to him:[16]

"... all decisions are democratically taken at a meeting of one; me."'

Richardson was highly effective in this position and became known as a 'king maker'; three years after Richardson became party secretary, Paul Keating became elected unopposed as President of NSW Labor, succeeding John Ducker. Keating is believed to be the youngest President in the history of NSW Labor.[17] Richardson was also instrumental in the 1983 coup that lead to Bob Hawke succeeding Hayden as Leader of the Opposition, which ultimately led to Hawke becoming Prime Minister.[18][19]

Enmore Branch and factional fights[edit]

During Richardson's time as General Secretary, there were significant battles over factional control of a number of inner city Labor branches.[14] Peter Baldwin, a Labor member of the Legislative Council and a member of the socialist-left faction, was bashed by unknown assailants in his home on 16 July 1980. Baldwin had earlier initiated inquiries into 'rorts' in the Enmore and other branches.[14][15] Police began investigation into the assault on Baldwin, and included matters relating to the affairs of the Labor Party Enmore branch. Five people, including Joe Meissner and Tom Domican were charged with various offences. Richardson, in a later interview, confirmed that at the time he wrote to Attorney-General Frank Walker and all other Cabinet Ministers in the Wran Government to ask that the case be dropped on the grounds that it was a Labor Party and not a police matter. Even the Magistrate, was approached. In dismissing the Enmore charges, the Magistrate said:[14]

It seems that some force or forces were working improperly to undermine the strength of the prosecution. I am firmly of the opinion that this matter calls for further investigation.

It was subsequently alleged by Meissner, who was at the time secretary of the Enmore branch of the Labor Party and one of the central figures in the controversy, that the bashing was undertaken by Domican, an underworld figure with close links to the right-wing faction of NSW Labor, acting on suggestions from Richardson.[15][20] Richardson, claiming that he had been defamed, commenced legal action that was eventually settled out of court in 2007 in Richardson's favour.[21]

Richardson groomed his successor for General Secretary, Stephen Loosley who took over in 1993 following Richardson's successful nomination for the Senate.[22]

Parliamentary career[edit]

Richardson was preselected as a candidate for election to the Australian Senate following the retirement of Senator Tony Mulvihill. As the Hawke Labor opposition defeated the Fraser-Anthony Liberal-National coalition, Labor retained its four Senate seats in New South Wales, with Richardson polling the third highest quota at the 1983 federal election. At age 33, he was the youngest ever Senator elected and initially sat on Senate committees on electoral reform, regulations and ordinances, finance and government operations, and estimates in the first term of parliament.[3]

Richardson was re-elected to the Senate at the 1984, 1987, and 1993 federal elections.

1987–1990[edit]

Following the 1987 federal election, Richardson was appointed Minister for the Environment and the Arts, a position in the outer ministry in the Third Hawke Ministry. In January 1988, he was elevated to cabinet and took on the additional responsibilities of Sport, Tourism and Territories. As the Hawke government sought to claim the 'green agenda' against the growing influence of the Australian Greens and the Wilderness Society, Richardson's period as Environment Minister was notable for the Federal Government intervening in Tasmanian state planning issues and blocking the Wesley Vale pulp mill.[23][24] As Minister for the Environment, Richardson also advocated for and was successful in inscribing the Daintree Rainforest and surrounding areas on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988,[25] and a protected status for Kakadu National Park, prior to inscribing Stage 2 of Kakadu NP on the World Heritage List in 1987.[26] Some media commentators[27] speculated that Richardson's motives for these moves were driven, not by a concern for the environment and heritage of the lands, but by purely political motives:[28]

"He was the mastermind of the political manoeuvring of the ALP government which has made the environmental movement an increasingly ineffective force in Australian politics..... The real measure of his environmental contributions is not the individual act of conservation here or there but what his political manoeuvring has meant for the environmental movement and the environment..."

As Minister for Sport, Richardson oversaw the merging of the Australian Institute of Sport into the Australian Sports Commission.

In 1990, a looming tight election saw Richardson tasked with responsibility to attract second-preference votes from the Australian Democrats and other environmental parties. Richardson claimed this as a major factor in the government's narrow re-election in 1990.[29]

1990–1993[edit]

Richardson felt that the importance of his contribution to Labor's victory would automatically entitle him to the ministerial portfolio of his choice—Transport and Communications.[30][31] He was shocked, however, at what he perceived as Hawke's ingratitude in allocating him initially Defence,[32] and then later, Social Security instead. He vowed—in a telephone conversation with Peter Barron,[33] a former Hawke political staffer—to do 'whatever it takes' to 'get' Hawke.[34] He immediately transferred his allegiance to Keating and subsequently claimed credit for playing a vital role in Keating's campaign for the leadership as a numbers man.[35] Interviewed by John Laws a few months following announcement of the Fourth Hawke Ministry, Richardson commented on his new portfolio, feigning interest:[36]

"When I got it, I was pretty shocked – I must say it's not something I'd ever expected – and so you have to sit down and wonder what the hell you're going to do. But as I've been getting into it in the last few months, then you realise that it's just not the case that you spend lots of money – about one in four of the government dollars – but the issues are just so wide ranging. Yesterday, I was in Alice Springs, talking to people about the difficulties that they're having with Aboriginal alcoholism and violence – the kind of problems that it's bringing – and then you're back into discussions on – race back to Cabinet for discussions on migration and what kind of social security benefits people might get, and then you're talking about age pensions, this morning, on another program about some people's concerns. It's just so big. I'll get interested, don't worry."

Hawke's treatment of Richardson in 1990 would ultimately lead to Hawke's own downfall and Richardson's ability to manipulate numbers[27] in favour of Keating, albeit with initial reluctance.[37] Keating became Prime Minister in December 1991, and appointed Richardson to his coveted portfolio of Transport and Communications – earning the nickname, Minister for Channel Nine – due to his close relationship with media magnate, Kerry Packer.[15] Keating was content to have Richardson by his side, organising the Labor Right faction numbers; considering Richardson good in this role, but not necessarily suited to significant office.[38]

In 1992, Richardson was forced to resign his commission as Minister following revelations that he had used his position and influence to help his cousin, Gregory Symons, who was subsequently jailed for forging government documents relating to a migration scam. A judicial inquiry was necessary to resolve allegations of ministerial impropriety where it was alleged that Richardson attempt to help Symons avoid penalty.[39] Richardson sat out the remainder of this term of parliament on the backbench.

1993–1994[edit]

Following the 1993 election, Richardson was returned to cabinet in the second Keating Ministry as Minister for Health. In a highly publicised tour,[40][41] of the Northern Territory and following the Mabo decision and the lodging of Wik claim, Richardson promised to make health care the key components of a new social justice package being negotiated with Aborigines. Richardson went on national television and said that $1.3 billion was needed in new funding and he would deliver it.[42]

A little under a year later, he assumed additional responsibilities of the Environment, Sport and Territories, following the resignation of Ros Kelly over the sports rorts affair – ironically over the $30m Community Cultural, Recreational and Sporting Facilities Program initiated by Richardson in 1988 when he was Minister for Sport.

Four weeks later, on 25 March 1994, Richardson resigned both positions and retired from parliament, citing ill-health. However, at the same time, allegations were mounting that Richardson was involved in acquiring prostitutes for his personal use, supplied by Robert Burgess and Nick Karlos. Karlos reportedly had been accused of having serious criminal connections; meanwhile Richardson had signed a letter of support on Ministerial letterhead for Burgess which was then used to set up a meeting between Richardson and the senior executive of a US defence company, where Richardson discussed Burgess' interests. Richardson denied the allegations.[15]

Post-parliament career[edit]

Richardson is now primarily seen by the Australian public through election night television coverage. He is a currently a political commentator for the Seven Network (having previously appeared on the Nine Network) and broadcaster with 2GB. He has also authored memoirs titled Whatever it Takes, published by Bantam Books, Sydney, 1994. For the 2000 Sydney Olympics he was the chairman of the Olympic ticketing operations, Mayor of the Olympic village and had a seat on the Sydney Organising Committee of the Olympic Games (SOCOG).

In 1999, as chairman of the 2000 Sydney Olympics ticketing operations, Richardson oversaw a deal where over 500,000 selected tickets were withheld from the public ticket lottery and reserved for high-paying package-deal customers. This resulted in considerable public criticism at the time and the tickets were eventually made available to the general public.[43][44]

He has continued a role as a broker in other aspects of NSW public life, including the high profile contract dispute between the National Rugby League player Sonny Bill Williams and his club, the Canterbury Bulldogs.

Richardson now writes an opinion column with the The Australian, where he is highly critical of the Australian Labor Party.

Cash for comment[edit]

Richardson was implicated in the Cash for comment scandal in Australian radio broadcasting, where prominent radio personalities – such as John Laws and Alan Jones – were found to have been promoting certain companies while on the companies' payroll, while keeping the deal secret from listeners to make it look like the comments were genuine opinion/editorial pieces, or that they had demanded payments from companies in exchange for refraining from making negative comments. Richardson was being paid by Publishing and Broadcasting Limited (PBL), and spruiked for PBL-owned companies Channel 9 and Crown Casino during his radio show.

Tax evasion[edit]

In 2006, Richardson became embroiled in allegations of tax evasion involving the late Rene Rivkin.[45] On 27 September 2006, Justice James Allsop, of the Federal Court, released a document showing that Richardson had an undeclared Swiss bank account containing $1.4 million.[46] He was one of the shareholders of the Offset Alpine Printing company.

In October 2008, Richardson agreed to pay an undisclosed sum to end his ongoing A$2.3 million dispute with the Australian Taxation Office.[47] The Tax Office took action against Mr Richardson in 2005 after the late stockbroker Rene Rivkin told Swiss investigators that Rivkin, businessman Trevor Kennedy and Richardson were the secret owners of a $27 million stake in Offset Alpine. The Tax Office had sought $700,000 it claimed was owed in unpaid taxes, along with a $1.6 million interest and penalty payment.

Political commentator[edit]

Richardson is now a political commentator for both Channel Seven and Sky News Australia, where he is commonly referred to as 'Richo'. For Seven, he provides frequent commentary on political issues to Seven News, Sunrise and The Morning Show, as well as co-hosting election night coverage. On Sky News, Richardson was a regular contributor to the channel's various panel programs, before being given his own weekly panel show named Richo in 2011.

From 2013, Richardson was given a second program on Sky News co-hosting with Alan Jones named Richo + Jones. The episode of Richo + Jones on April 22, 2014 was the twentieth most watched show on subscription television reaching 39,000 viewers and was the channel's second highest broadcast that day.[48] An episode on June 17, featuring a live interview with Clive Palmer, was the seventeenth most watched show on subscription television and the most watched broadcast on Sky News with 43,000 viewers.[49]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McClymont, Kate; Snow, Deborah (24 October 2009). "The not-so-quiet achiever". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Shanahan, Dennis (12 June 2010). "Change in the air as Labor thinks defeat". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "Biography for RICHARDSON, the Hon. Graham Frederick". Parliament of Australia. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Wilkinson (1996). p. 3.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Wilkinson (1996). pp. 5–12.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Wilkinson (1996). p. 12.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Wilkinson (1996). p. 13.  Missing or empty |title= (help) from "Interview with Graham Richardson on his childhood". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 1 February 1988. 
  8. ^ Wilkinson (1996). p. 14.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Wilkinson (1996). p. 15.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Wilkinson (1996). pp. 19–20.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ Wilkinson (1996). pp. 24–27.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Richardson (1994). p. 16.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ Wright, Tony (8 July 2010). "Faulkner: midwife, undertaker, secret-keeper". The Age (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Whitton, Evan (1987). "The Enmore Matter". Can of worms II: a citizen's reference book to crime and the administration of justice (hardback) (2nd ed.). Broadway, NSW: Fairfax Library. ISBN 0-949054-96-8. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "The fixer in a fix". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 13 December 2003. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  16. ^ Hayden (1996). p. 160.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ Farnsworth, Malcolm (2010). "Paul Keating – Chronology". Executive Government in Australia. AustralianPolitics.com. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  18. ^ Hurst (1983). p. 290.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ Hayden (1996). pp. 319, 351–353.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ McClymont, Kate (25 May 2005). "Lid lifted on the ugly '80s". The Sydney Morning Herald (Good Weekend Magazine ed.) (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  21. ^ Norington, Brad (6 March 2007). "Richo wins $50k from Fairfax for defamation". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  22. ^ Clarke, Pilita (29 November 1991). "Loosley: a touch of Teflon". The Sydney Morning Herald (via WoodChipping.com.au) (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  23. ^ Lohrey, Amanda (February 2008). "Green Christine: A profile of Senator Milne". The Monthly (The Monthly Pty Ltd). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  24. ^ Ashbarry, Alan (12 November 2007). "Bell Bay pulp friction all due to Sydney's ... Green elites". Geelong Advertiser (via the Institute of Public Affairs) (News Limited). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  25. ^ "Wet Tropics of Queensland". World heritage places. Department of the Environment. 24 April 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  26. ^ "Kakadu National Park". World heritage places. Department of the Environment. 24 April 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  27. ^ a b Fitzgerald, Ross (9 August 2010). "Hawke: The Prime Minister (Book review)". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  28. ^ Lane, Max (30 March 1994). "Graham Richardson's legacy". Green Left Weekly (Socialist Alliance). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  29. ^ Richardson (1994). pp. 276–277.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ Richardson (1994). p. 281.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  31. ^ d'Alpuget, Blanche (11 July 2010). "Mate versus mate in Labor cold war". Sunday Herald Sun (News Limited). Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  32. ^ Steketee, Mike (2 May 2008). "Hard act to follow". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  33. ^ Kelly (1992). p. 57.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  34. ^ Richardson (1994). p. 282.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  35. ^ Richardson (1994). p. 311.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  36. ^ Laws, John (30 March 1994). "The Minister for Social Security responds to questions on Cabinet unity portfolio responsibilities and proposed reductions in Government expenditure". John Laws Show (via Parliament of Australia) (2UE?). Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  37. ^ Hayden (1996). pp. 369–370.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  38. ^ Edwards (1996). p. 235.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  39. ^ McClymont, Kate (23 August 2003). "Col Pot boils". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 
  40. ^ Thomas, Helen (20 March 2004). "ATSIC criticised for failing to resolve the black and white politicking that undermines Aboriginal community health programs". Background Briefing (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  41. ^ Toohey, Paul (1 August 2009). "Richo's legacy: Billy has a slab for a home". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  42. ^ Highland, Gary (27 February 2007). "Closing the Indigenous life expectancy gap within a generation". Improving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Conference. Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  43. ^ Nichols, Jason (5 November 1999). "Sydney Olympics ticketing fiasco: premium seats reserved for the rich". World Socialist Web Site (International Committee of the Fourth International). Retrieved 25 August 2010. 
  44. ^ "Graham Richardson defends SOCOG and himself on his 2GB Show". Media Watch (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 1 November 1999. Retrieved 25 August 2010. 
  45. ^ McClymont, Kate (23 September 2006). "Judge exposes Richo's secret tax case". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 23 September 2006. 
  46. ^ McClymont, Kate (27 September 2006). "Richo's '$1.4m Swiss deposit'". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 27 September 2006. 
  47. ^ AAP (24 October 2008). "Graham Richardson agrees to pay ATO". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 25 August 2010. 
  48. ^ "Tuesday 22 April 2014". TV Tonight. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  49. ^ "Tuesday 17 June 2014". TV Tonight. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Barry Cohen
Minister for the Environment and the Arts
1987–1988
Succeeded by
Ros Kelly
Preceded by
John Brown
Minister for the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories
1988–1990
Preceded by
Brian Howe
Minister for Social Security
1990–1991
Succeeded by
Neal Blewett
Preceded by
Kim Beazley
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1991–1992
Succeeded by
Ralph Willis
Preceded by
John Kerin
Minister for Transport and Communications
1991–1992
Succeeded by
Bob Collins
Preceded by
Brian Howe
Minister for Health
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Carmen Lawrence
Preceded by
Ros Kelly
Minister for the Environment, Sport and Territories
1994
Succeeded by
John Faulkner
Party political offices
Preceded by
Unknown
NSW Secretary of the Australian Labor Party
1976–1983
Succeeded by
Stephen Loosley