Gramado

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gramado
Town
Skyline of Gramado
Official seal of Gramado
Seal
Nickname(s): Hydrangeas' Garden
Geographical subdivisions of Rio Grande do Sul. Gramado is highlighted with red.
Geographical subdivisions of Rio Grande do Sul. Gramado is highlighted with red.
Coordinates: 29°24′17″S 50°52′35″W / 29.40472°S 50.87639°W / -29.40472; -50.87639
Country  Brazil
State Rio Grande do Sul
Incorporated December 15, 1954
Government
 • Mayor Nestor Tissot
Area[1]
 • Total 237 km2 (92 sq mi)
Elevation 850 m (2,790 ft)
Population (2007)[1]
 • Total 31,655
 • Density 133.6/km2 (346/sq mi)
 • Demonym Gramadense
Website Gramado, Rio Grande do Sul

Gramado is a municipality and small tourist town, southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of Nova Petrópolis in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the Serra Gaúcha region. The town was originally settled by Azorean descendants and later received a contingent of German and Italian immigrants. Gramado is one of the towns along the scenic route known as Rota Romântica (Romantic Route).

The city is small, 32,000 residents, and is located 118 km (74 miles) away from Porto Alegre, the capital of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Most of the population of Gramado is of German or Italian descent and its architecture and gastronomy reflects that. Gramado is also known for its natural landscapes and the beautiful hydrangeas blossoming in late spring.[2]

Gramado hosts the Festival de Gramado, a major South American film festival and Gramado's most important event. Another key event in Gramado is Natal Luz (Xmas Light), when Gramado is decked out in lights and wreathes made of recycled material by local people.[3]

History[edit]

Gramado was originally settled in 1875 by Portuguese immigrants. Five years later, the first German immigrants arrived and these were followed shortly after by Italian immigrants from the Italian settlements in Caxias do Sul.

In 1913, the town seat was moved to Linha Nova, the location of the present-day town center. At this time, Gramado was an unincorporated township within the municipality of Taquara. A railway arrived in Gramado in 1921, boosting the local economy. Gramado officially became a village in 1937, when Gramado was already known as a summer holiday resort. Gramado became a municipality on December 15, 1954 by force of State Act 2,522.[4]

Politics and Government[edit]

Gramado Government is in a strong mayor-council government model, as set forth by the Brazilian Constitution of 1988. Elections for both mayoral and legislative offices are held every fourth year. The Mayor may seek reelection once, while Councilmen have no restriction on terms they may serve.

Executive Branch[edit]

Executive powers are held by the Mayor of Gramado, who appoints a Cabinet, the heads of several municipal bodies and members of the Planning Commission. The current Mayor is Nestor Tissot[5] (PP) elected in 2008. The current Deputy Mayor is Luia Barbacovi.[6]

Geography[edit]

Black Lake.
Minimundo Park.
St. Peter Church.
Entrence of Gramado.

The city is in a mountain range, averaging 850 meters above sea level.

Open spaces[edit]

Gramado has several green areas, the most important are Black Lake, Communications Square, Knorr Park, Orchard Park, Major Nicoletti Square and, Roses Square.

Lago Negro[edit]

Lago Negro (Black Lake) is the most known, visited green area of Gramado. It was created[7] in 1953 by Leopoldo Rosenfeld on an area it was the biggest woods of the Hydrangeas' Region, this very area had been destroyed by fire in 1942. It was named after Good Rest Valley (Vale do Bom Retiro) before fire.

A creek was dammed up to create[8] a U-shaped lake. Rosenfeld imported pine seedlings from Black Forest in Germany to be planted all around the newly formed lake's rim.

Lago Negro is a mile away from Town Hall. There is a boathouse, working daily from 8:30 AM to 7:00 PM, concession stands and a small craftsmen fair nearby.

Climate[edit]

The climate is maritime temperate with mild summer (Cfb, according to the Köppen climate classification). The summers are not hot, with temperatures that commonly do not exceed 30°C (86°F). Winters are cool, and temperatures fall below 0°C (32°F) sometimes, with relatively frequent frosts and uncommon snowfalls.

Culture and tourism[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Gramado has 5 sister cities[9]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gramado." RESUMO ESTATÍSTICO RS - Municípios. Fundação de Economia e Estatística. 9 Sep 2006 <http://www.fee.rs.gov.br/sitefee/pt/content/resumo/pg_municipios_detalhe.php?municipio=Gramado>.
  2. ^ Gramado (English)
  3. ^ Gramado (English)
  4. ^ "Lei Nº 2.522, de 15 de Dezembro de 1954." Estado do Rio Grande do Sul - Assembleia Legislativa. 1 May 2009 <http://www.al.rs.gov.br/legiscomp/arquivo.asp?Rotulo=Lei%20nº%202522&idNorma=585&tipo=pdf>.
  5. ^ "Prefeitura de Gramado - O Prefeito." Prefeitura de Gramado. Prefeitura Municipal de Gramado. 1 May 2009 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/index.php/Gabinete-do-Prefeito/O-Prefeito.html>.
  6. ^ Prefeitura de Gramado - "O Vice-Prefeito." Prefeitura de Gramado. Prefeitura Municipal de Gramado. 1 May 2009 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/index.php/Gabinete-do-Prefeito/O-Vice-Prefeito.html>.
  7. ^ "Gramado." BrasilViagem.com. 15 Sept. 2006 <http://www.brasilviagem.com/pontur/?CodAtr=3128>.
  8. ^ Barbosa, Eliane. "Pousadas de Gramado." Jornal da Cidade 21 July 2005. 15 Sept. 2006 <http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:xGB5vqnelIwJ:jcnet.uol.com.br/cadernos/detalhe_turismo.php%3Fcodigo%3D54780+gramado+site:jcnet.uol.com.br&hl=pt-BR&gl=br&ct=clnk&cd=1>.
  9. ^ "Prefeito de Gramado viaja ao Espírito Santo." 3 Nov. 2005. Prefeitura de Gramado. 15 Sept. 2006 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/content/view/497/39/>.

External links[edit]

Government Websites

Maps

Media Outlets

Touristic Websites

  • Gramado travel guide from Wikivoyage

Official Events Websites

Coordinates: 29°24′S 50°52′W / 29.400°S 50.867°W / -29.400; -50.867