Grammichele

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Grammichele
Comune
Comune di Grammichele
Grammichele Piazza.jpg
Coat of arms of Grammichele
Coat of arms
Grammichele is located in Italy
Grammichele
Grammichele
Location of Grammichele in Italy
Coordinates: 37°13′N 14°38′E / 37.217°N 14.633°E / 37.217; 14.633
Country Italy
Region Sicily
Province Catania (CT)
Government
 • Mayor Giuseppe Compagnone (since June 27, 2003)
Area
 • Total 30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 520 m (1,710 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)
 • Total 13,404
 • Density 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demonym Grammichelesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 95042
Dialing code 0933
Patron saint San Michele Arcangelo
Saint day May 8
Website Official website

Grammichele (Sicilian: Grammicheli, Greek: Echetle (meaning "plowshare"); Latin: Echetla, Ochula; Medieval: Occhiolà) is a town and comune in the province of Catania in Sicily, southern Italy. It is located at the feet of the Hyblaean Mountains, some 13 kilometres (8 mi) from Caltagirone.

History[edit]

It was built in 1693, after the destruction by an earthquake of the old town of Occhialà. to the north; the latter, on account of the similarity of name, is generally identified with Echetla, a frontier city between Syracusan and Carthaginian territory in the time of Hiero II, which appears to have been originally a Sicel city in which Greek civilization prevailed from the 5th century onwards. On July 15, 1943, the 1st Canadian Infantry Division fought its first battle against German troops during the Battle of Sicily at Grammichele. The name of the town was later granted as a Battle Honour to three regiments of the Canadian Forces.

Saint Michael's church

Main sights[edit]

To the east of Grammichele a cave shrine of Demeter, with fine votive terracottas, has been discovered. Other sights include the Mother Church, dedicated to St. Michael, and the church of the Calvary.

Sources[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.