Grampound shown within Cornwall
|Population||654 (2011) Census|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||223 mi (359 km)|
|Civil parish||Grampound with Creed|
|Unitary authority||Cornwall Council|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||St Austell and Newquay|
Grampound (Cornish: Ponsmeur) is a village in Cornwall, England, UK. It is at an ancient crossing point of the River Fal and today is on the A390 road six miles (10 km) west of St Austell and 13 kilometres (8 mi) east of Truro.
Grampound with Creed is the civil parish of which the village of Grampound and the village of Creed are the main settlements. Formerly, part of Grampound was in the parish of Creed and part was in the parish of Probus.
The name Grampound comes from the Norman French: grand (great), pont (bridge), referring to the bridge over the River Fal, with its spelling varying over the last 600 years following the name Ponsmur (Cornish) which was recorded in 1308. The population of Grampound with Creed was 654 in the 2011 census.
The area around Grampound was settled in prehistoric times, and in the early medieval period the parish of Creed and the manor of Tybesta were established here. Grampound grew after the Norman conquest as the main crossing place on the Fal, a focus for travellers and traders moving between west Cornwall and England. Thus Grampound became one of the most important towns in medieval Cornwall with a rich and vibrant history. The bridge from which the town took its name is first recorded in 1296. The first charter was granted by the Earl of Cornwall in 1332 and the town remained important until the 15th century. Thereafter it declined and John Norden refers to the inhabitants as "few and poore" in his account published in 1584.
It was formerly considered a town and the Grampound constituency elected two members to the Unreformed House of Commons from the reign of Edward VI until it was disenfranchised in 1821, after a corruption scandal that led to the conviction and imprisonment of several men for bribery. MPs who represented the town include William Noye, John Hampden, Grey Cooper and Charles Wolfran Cornwall.
The seal of the borough of Grampound was "A bridge of two arches over a river, the dexter end in perspective showing the passage over at the sinister and a tree issuing from the base against the bridge on the centre an escutcheon of the arms of the family of Cornwall viz. Arg. a lion rampant Gu. within a bordure Sa."
Grampound also gives its name to Grampound Road which is 3 kilometres (2 mi) to the north west.
For more on the history of Grampound see http://www.grampound.org.uk/history/index.html
Grampound is a ward, along with Creed, of Grampound with Creed Parish which is part of Cornwall Council unitary authority. The current county councillor is Bob Egerton (Independent). Before the formation of the unitary authority in 2009, Grampound was part of Restormel Borough Council.
Grampound is in the St Austell and Newquay constituency and the Member for Parliament is Stephen Gilbert (Liberal). In the more past Grampound was a Borough returning two Members of Parliament of its own until 1831.
Grampound's linear layout is of Norman origin, with long thin burgage plots extending away from the main street, Fore Street (A390). Most of the village core is a Conservation Area, and there are many listed buildings on Fore Street, for example the local school and the Town Hall. There is a range of buildings of different ages.
The population of Grampound is a little less than that of Grampound with Creed which was 654 in the 2011 census.
The A390 runs through the centre of Grampound. It is one of Cornwall's few major roads, and in summer when the A30 is congested, the A390 is an alternative route. It is an issue for residents. Pavements in some parts of the village are narrow or non-existent. Traffic speed is an issue through the village. A bypass was considered in 1996, when a route north of the village was favoured, but the plans were rejected, partly due to local protests and partly because Grampound is not large enough to warrant a bypass.
A regular bus service runs to Truro, the county town, 13 km to the west, and St Austell, 10 km to the east.
There are a number of local businesses including the Cornish Smokehouse, Lobb's garage, Tristan Hay Pine and Period furniture, and The Dolphin Inn.
Many people commute to work in the nearby centres of St Austell and Truro. There are a number of businesses run from home.
The tannery industry was important in the past in Grampound. The principal leather tannery, which closed in 2002, was owned by the Croggon family. It consists of several large buildings and surrounding fields on the southern side of the village. This area is being developed into 55 new homes and office space.
Culture and community
There is an annual carnival on the first Saturday in September which includes a procession along Fore Street (A390) which is closed temporarily. Markets are held in Grampound Hall twice a month on a Saturday. One of these markets is run by Transition Grampound and the other by the village hall committee.
The new village hall was opened in 2004 with National Lottery funding. This hall is also an arts venue and regularly hosts performances of drama, dance, and music. Notable past performances include the Norwegian percussionist Terje Isungset performing ice music in 2012. A local amateur dramatic group, The Grampound Players, has also performed in recent years.
The recreation ground is managed by a charity (Grampound with Creed War Memorial Recreation Ground and Public Hall) in Grampound as a public space. It is host to the carnival each year and also to Grampound Football Club who won support from Sport England's Protecting Playing Fields Olympic legacy for it to be resurfaced.
A small museum, the Grampound with Creed Heritage Centre, is located in the Town Hall.
Grampound was named Calor Village of the Year for West England 2007/8. The judges commended the community atmosphere of the area. A plaque celebrating the success is now displayed on the Town Hall.
In 2008 Grampound resident Colin Terry, a Chief Superintendent in the local police service on secondment to the Home Office, appeared in a fancy dress parade at the Grampound Carnival dressed in a comical cartoon costume of Osama bin Laden. The police service promptly issued a statement deploring his actions as "misguided" and "inappropriate", and reported him to the Independent Police Complaints Commission. This prompted a storm of protest including e.g. The Times, Daily Mail, Metro, and the local paper.
Landmarks in Grampound include market cross, St Nun's church, and the Town Hall and clock tower in the centre of the village. A war memorial plaque is on the wall of the town hall. The Dolphin Inn is a little further down the hill. Grampound with Creed Primary School, Grampound Hall, and the recreation ground are near the Fal bridge.
Grampound with Creed Primary School is supported by the Diocese of Truro. It has between 50 and 60 pupils. It is currently undergoing a change to become part of a Multi-Academy Trust. The primary school has recently been extended.
The Church of St Nun's is the only remaining religious site in Grampound. There is the nearby, older church of St Crida in Creed and they are both managed by the same Parochial Church Council and part of the churches led by the Rector at Probus, Ladock, Grampound with Creed and St.Erme Parishes.
There were a number of chapels in Grampound which have since been converted into dwellings.
Grampound is home to Grampound Football Club and Grampound Bowling Club both of whom have facilities at the recreation ground. Grampound Road Cricket Club, part of the Premier League and with new Pavilion on the Playing Fields.
One of Grampound's most famous residents was John Hampden, a politician representing Grampound in 1621 who later, in 1642, was one of the Five Members whose attempted unconstitutional arrest by King Charles I in the House of Commons of England in 1642 sparked the Civil War. Other parliamentarians include William Noy, noted British jurist and MP for Grampound 1603-1614, Charles Wolfran Cornwall, MP for Grampound 1768-1774, and Grey Cooper, MP for Grampound 1768-1774.
A more recent figure was Dr William Lindsay Stewart, General Practitioner Grampound from 1923 to 1971. He was treasurer of the Cornwall Division of the BMA, Commander of the Order of St John, Chairman of the Ambulance Sub-committee of Cornwall, Chairman of Grampound parish council, and Councillor for St. Austell Rural District Council and Restormel Borough Council.
The Scottish sculptor Pilkington Jackson was born here.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Grampound.|