Granadilla de Abona

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Granadilla de Abona
Municipality
San Antonio de Padua Church
San Antonio de Padua Church
Flag of Granadilla de Abona
Flag
Coat of arms of Granadilla de Abona
Coat of arms
Granadilla de Abona is located in Spain, Canary Islands
Granadilla de Abona
Granadilla de Abona
Location in Spain
Granadilla de Abona is located in Canary Islands
Granadilla de Abona
Granadilla de Abona
Location in Canary Islands
Coordinates: 28°7′0″N 16°34′0″W / 28.11667°N 16.56667°W / 28.11667; -16.56667
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Canary Islands
Province Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Island Tenerife
Government
 • Mayor Francisco Jaime González Cejas (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 162.4 km2 (62.7 sq mi)
Elevation (AMSL) 650 m (2,130 ft)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 43,608
 • Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (GMT +1) (UTC+1)
Postal code 38600
Area code(s) +34 (Spain) + 922 (Tenerife)
Website Town Hall

Granadilla de Abona is a municipality of Tenerife, located in the south of the island, occupying an area of 155 square kilometers. Its population in 2013 was 17,141. In recent years, the population has greatly increased due to an influx of immigrants, many of them illegal, from Western Sahara, Colombia, Cuba, and other African and Latin American countries.[citation needed]

The municipality extends from the altitudinous center of the island -Mount Guajara (2,718 m, the second-highest mountain on the island, after Teide) is situated in this municipality- to the Atlantic Ocean.

Reina Sofía Airport is located in this municipality, as well as the beachside town of El Médano ("The Sand Dune"), where many important windsurfing competitions are held. La Montaña Roja ("The Red Mountain"), a volcanic cone located in El Médano, is a protected natural preserve, along with five other "espacios naturales," which comprise 25% of the municipality's total area. Plans to build an industrial and commercial port in this municipality along a 5-kilometer (3.1 mi) sector along the coast, from Barranco del Río to Montaña Pelada, have been discussed but not implemented, due to concerns about the environmental damage such a development would cause.[2] There is a wind farm in this municipality as well.[3]

Communities[edit]

The municipality's main town is Granadilla de Abona; other towns include San Isidro, El Cabezo, Castro, Los Abrigos, Charco del Pino, Montaña de Yaco, El Salto, and Los Llanos.

Historical population[edit]

Year Population
1991 16,884
1996 18,508
2001 21,135
2002 27,224
2003 28,927
2004 30,769
2013 43,608

History[edit]

Granadilla de Abona

Abona was the name of a Guanche menceyato, or kingdom, that existed in this region of the island at the time of Spanish conquest in the late fifteenth century. Founded around 1445, Abona was ruled by Atguaxoña, son of Axerax and whose son after the conquest was baptised and named Alonso Gonzalez. It extended from the Río de Chasna to Adeje, from the Barranco de Herques, to Güímar. The Spanish toponym of Granadilla does not appear until the end of the sixteenth century, but the settlement of the area by Europeans began at the time of conquest.

The Bay of El Médano was the last stop for provisions for Ferdinand Magellan and Juan Sebastián Elcano during the circumnavigation of the world. The expedition's cartographer and translator, Antonio Pigafetta, left this description of the place: "On Tuesday, September 20, in the same year [1519] we departed from the place called Sanlúcar [de Barrameda], heading southwest, and before the end of the month, on the 26th, we arrived at an island that is called Tenerife, at 28 degrees longitude, to acquire meat, water, and firewood. We remained there for three days and a half; later we approached another port on the same island, Monte Rosso [Montaña Roja] by name, lingering there for two days…On Monday, October 3, at midnight, we departed southwards..."[4]

Records indicate that a church existed in the municipality in 1575. A Franciscan convent was founded in February 1665. St. Peter of Saint Joseph Betancur (1626–1667), spent some time in a little cave situated near the present-day town of El Médano. The cave is now the site of a small shrine dedicated to the saint.

Granadilla de Abona acquired the status of a municipality in the nineteenth century, and a highway linking it to other parts of the island in the 1930s. Previously, travel to other parts of the island was only possibly by boat, which departed from the seaside towns of El Médano and Los Abrigos.

La Montaña Roja, Municipality of Granadilla de Abona

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Canario de Estadística
  2. ^ Treinta Años del Puerto Industrial y Comercial de Granadilla de Abona - Ecoportal.net
  3. ^ http://www.aeeolica.org/mapaeolico/html/canarias.html
  4. ^ pigafetta

External links[edit]