Grand Army Plaza (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)

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Grand Army Plaza
NYCS 2 NYCS 3 NYCS 4
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Grand Army Plaza art vc.jpg
Wings for the IRT: The Irresistible Romance of Travel artwork on the mezzanine level of the station
Station statistics
Address Grand Army Plaza (north side) & Flatbush Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11238
Borough Brooklyn
Locale Park Slope
Coordinates 40°40′29″N 73°58′14″W / 40.674584°N 73.970518°W / 40.674584; -73.970518Coordinates: 40°40′29″N 73°58′14″W / 40.674584°N 73.970518°W / 40.674584; -73.970518
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Eastern Parkway Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      4 late nights (late nights)
Connection NYCT Bus: B41, B69
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened August 23, 1920; 94 years ago (1920-08-23)
Former/other names Grand Army Plaza – Prospect Park
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 2,556,750[1] Increase 2%
Rank 188 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Bergen Street: 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights
Next south Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum: 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights

Grand Army Plaza is a local station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line of the New York City Subway. It is located in Park Slope, Brooklyn, underneath Flatbush Avenue at its northwest intersection with Grand Army Plaza. It is served by the 2 and 3 trains, the latter of which is replaced by the 4 train during late nights.

History[edit]

Grand Army Plaza opened on August 23, 1920 as part of the opening of the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, an extension of the Brooklyn IRT from Atlantic Avenue to Crown Heights – Utica Avenue. This extension was part of an expansion of the subway system known as the Dual Contracts which built not only IRT lines in Brooklyn but also those for the BMT. The BMT Brighton Line was already in use at the time but used trackage that is now part of the Franklin Avenue Shuttle; the opening of the subway line beneath Flatbush Avenue provided a more direct route to Downtown Brooklyn and, eventually, Manhattan.

The construction of the station and tunnels resulted in the removal of Frederic W. Darlington's 1897 Electric Fountain[2] from the center of Grand Army Plaza, which was dug up for the cut-and-cover construction and replaced with a grass oval. Construction began on a new fountain, known as the Bailey Fountain, in 1928, and it was completed in 1932.[3]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
B2 Northbound local NYCS 2 toward Wakefield – 241st Street (Bergen Street)
NYCS 3 toward Harlem – 148th Street (NYCS 4 toward Woodlawn late nights) (Bergen Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound local NYCS 2 toward Brooklyn College – Flatbush Avenue (Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum)
NYCS 3 (NYCS 4 late nights) toward New Lots Avenue (Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum)
B3 Northbound express NYCS 4 NYCS 5 do not stop here
Northbound Brighton Line NYCS B NYCS Q do not stop here (Seventh Avenue)
Southbound Brighton Line NYCS B NYCS Q do not stop here (Prospect Park)
Southbound express NYCS 4 NYCS 5 do not stop here →

At platform level, Grand Army Plaza has a simple island platform layout with two tracks.[4] Southbound (eastern Brooklyn-bound) trains use track E1 while northbound (Manhattan-bound) trains use track E4. Underneath the platform are four tracks, the center two, A4 (north) and A3 (south) carrying the BMT Brighton Line with tracks E2 and E3 carrying southbound and northbound express IRT Eastern Parkway Line trains on either side of the Brighton Line tracks, respectively.[5][6] These track designations are only displayed on small emergency placards on either end of the platform for use by train and emergency personnel; they are not used in everyday conversation.

The only mosaic in the Grand Army Plaza station is a small "P".[4] A permanent art installation in the station's entrances and mezzanine entitled Wings for the IRT: The Irresistible Romance of Travel was created in 1995 by Jane Greengold, who used the station regularly when she lived in Park Slope. The bronze and terra cotta pieces of art are modeled on the original Interborough Rapid Transit Company logo, and references the Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Arch in the plaza above with its Winged Victories. The MTA's Arts for Transit program held an opening ceremony for the artwork on June 19, 1997.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  2. ^ "Our Newest Electric Toy". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). August 8, 1897. p. 13. 
  3. ^ New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, Grand Army Plaza, accessed April 20, 2007
  4. ^ a b Grand Army Plaza (Brooklyn IRT) NYCSubway Retrieved 2009-07-05
  5. ^ Brooklyn IRT: Grand Army Plaza
  6. ^ Brooklyn IRT: Map 2, Brooklyn IRT Dual Contracts
  7. ^ MTA – Arts for Transit: Grand Army Plaza, accessed April 20, 2007
  8. ^ MTA Headquarters Press Release, MTA Installs Art In Grand Army Plaza Station, June 19, 1997, accessed April 20, 2007

External links[edit]