Grand Bazaar (Ürümqi)
The Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar (simplified Chinese: 新疆国际大巴扎; traditional Chinese: 新疆國際大巴扎; pinyin: Xīnjiāng Guójì Dàbāzhā; Uyghur: شىنجاڭ خەلقئارا چوڭ بازىرى, ULY: Shinjang Xelq'ara Chong Baziri), also known as International Grand Bazaar Xinjiang, is an Islamic bazaar in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China. It is the largest bazaar in the world by scale, combining Islamic culture, architecture, ethnic commerce, tourism and entertainment. It is also one of the most famous landmarks in Ürümqi, and in Xinjiang. Lonely Planet describes it as "no better than a Chinese tourist trap these days", while Sunday Market in Kashgar is "surely one of the most mind-boggling bazaars in Asia, and not to be missed."  Professor of Chinese and Central Asian History at Georgetown University, James A. Millward wrote that foreigners often mistakenly think that Urumqi was originally a Uyghur city and that the Chinese destroyed its Uyghur character and culture, however, Urumqi was founded as a Chinese city by Han and Hui (Tungans), and it is the Uyghurs who are new to the city.
The construction of the bazaar was completed in late 2002; it was opened to public on June 26, 2003, located near Erdaoqiao at South Jiefang Road (Chinese: 解放南路). The buildings and area within are constructed in an Islamic style representative of the preponderant religion and ethnic culture of the western region in China. The Bazaar is owned by Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar Co. Ltd. (Chinese: 新疆国际大巴扎有限公司).
Combined with cultures of Xinjiang ethnic minorities (e.g. Uyghur, Kazakh, Hui), architecture in the bazaar were styled Islamic with its techniques of grinded-brick-to-gap and modern facings, facilitating modern architectural functions and reflecting contemporary spirits. The bazaar reproduces the commercial prosperity of the Silk Road and embodies the ethnic characteristics and regional cultures.
The International Grand Bazaar occupies an area of 4,000 m², and has an 80-meter sight-seeing tower, an open mosque, an opera theater, and a noshery. In addition, there are 3000 stalls and individual shops, an underground parking lot, a Carrefour grocery store, etc.
- "International Grand Bazaar Xinjiang" is the name adopted by the Bazaar itself
- 地标评选之新疆：国际大巴扎-搜狐新闻 (Chinese)
- "Lonely Planet, China" (Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd, 2005)
- Millward 1998, p. 133.
- Millward 1998, p. 134.
- 新疆：国际大巴扎_中国网 (Chinese) Retrieved on January 20, 2010
- Assari, Ali; T.M. Mahesh (December 2011). "COMPARATIVE SUSTAINABILITY OF BAZAAR IN IRANIAN TRADITIONAL CITIES: CASE STUDIES IN ISFAHAN AND TABRIZ". International Journal on Technical and Physical Problems of Engineering 3 (9): 18–24. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Millward, James A. (1998). Beyond the Pass: Economy, Ethnicity, and Empire in Qing Central Asia, 1759-1864 (illustrated ed.). Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804729336. Retrieved 10 March 2014.