Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia

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Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna
ElizabethMikhailovna.jpg
Portrait of Elizabeth Mikhailovna, by Woldemar Hau
Duchess of Nassau
Tenure 31 January 1844 – 28 January 1845
Predecessor Pauline of Württemberg
Successor Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Spouse Adolf, Duke of Nassau
House House of Nassau-Weilburg
House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Father Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia
Mother Princess Charlotte of Württemberg
Born (1826-05-26)26 May 1826
Moscow, Russian Empire
Died 28 January 1845(1845-01-28) (aged 18)
Wiesbaden, Duchy of Nassau

Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia (Moscow, 26 May 1826 – Wiesbaden, 28 January 1845) was the second child and daughter of Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia and Princess Charlotte of Württemberg who took the name Elena Pavlovna upon her conversion to the Orthodox faith. Through her father, Elizabeth was a granddaughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia, and a niece of both Russian emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I.

Biography[edit]

Elizabeth, nicknamed "Lili", was born in the Kremlin in Moscow and she was named after her aunt who had died earlier that month, the Empress Elizabeth, wife of Emperor Alexander I and a close friend of her mother. She grew up with her other siblings in the Mikhailovsky Palace[disambiguation needed] in Saint Petersburg. Elizabeth was said to be the prettiest among her sisters, and like her mother, Elena Pavlovna, she was graceful in manners and well-educated. By the end of 1843, Adolf, Duke of Nassau was visiting St. Petersburg and met Elizabeth for the first time. Adolf's stepmother was Princess Pauline of Württemberg, Elizabeth's maternal aunt, and so he was related to the Russians in some way. Adolf and Elizabeth fell in love and they eventually got married in 31 January 1844 in St. Petersburg. Elizabeth was 17 years old and Adolf was 26.

After the wedding, the couple stayed in Russia for some time until they moved to Germany and took up residence in Castle Biebrich in Wiesbaden. Elizabeth, now Duchess of Nassau, was popular among the people.

Sculpture of Elizabeth Mikhailovna at the St. Elizabeth Church in Wiesbaden

She and Adolf were happily married and the news that she was already pregnant with their first child brought great happiness to the couple. After only a year, Elizabeth died giving birth to a daughter, who also did not survive. The grief-stricken Adolf ordered the construction of a Russian Orthodox church - the St. Elizabeth's Church in Neroberg Park, Wiesbaden - to house her remains The location of the church on the hill was chosen by Adolf himself so that he could always have a view of the church from his residence. Elizabeth 's sarcophagus can still be seen today inside the church.

Titles an styles[edit]

  • 26 May 1826 – 31 January 1844: Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia.
  • 31 January 1844 – 28 January 1845: Her Imperial Highness The Duchess of Nassau.

Ancestry[edit]

German royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Pauline of Württemberg
Duchess consort of Nassau
31 January 1844 – 28 January 1845
Vacant
Title next held by
Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau