Grand Geyser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Grand Geyser
Yellowstone Grand Geysir 02.jpg
Grand Geyser
Name origin Named during 1871 Hayden Geological Survey
Location Upper Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, Teton County, Wyoming
Coordinates 44°28′00″N 110°50′18″W / 44.4665996°N 110.8382669°W / 44.4665996; -110.8382669Coordinates: 44°28′00″N 110°50′18″W / 44.4665996°N 110.8382669°W / 44.4665996; -110.8382669"Grand Geyser". Yellowstone Geothermal Features Database. Montana State University. 
Elevation 7,329 feet (2,234 m) [1]
Type Fountain geyser
Eruption height 200 feet (61 m)
Frequency 7 to 15 hours
Duration 9 to 12 minutes
SouthernSectionUpperGeyserBasinGrand.JPG
Southern section of Upper Geyser Basin

Grand Geyser is a fountain geyser in the Upper Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park in the United States. It is the tallest predictable geyser known. It was named by Dr. F.V. Hayden in 1871.[2]

Eruptions[edit]

Grand's fountain reaches a height of as much as 200 feet (61 m), with a duration of 9 to 12 minutes. Its eruptions occur in a series of 1 to 4 (rarely as many as 5) bursts.[3]

Sequence[edit]

Grand erupts every 7 to 15 hours. It belongs to the Grand Group (or Grand Geyser Complex), and its eruption is connected to those of the other geysers in the group, especially the adjacent Vent Geyser and Turban Geyser.[4]

For a few hours before an eruption by Grand, Turban Geyser erupts for a duration of five minutes about every 17 to 22 minutes. Grand's eruption begins within 1 to 2 minutes of the start of one of Turban's eruptions, with Vent Geyser erupting shortly after Grand starts erupting. On occasion, Grand will stop erupting after 7 to 9 minutes, only to restart with a usually taller fountain a minute or two later. Grand has been known to rarely experience over half a dozen restarts in a single eruption period. After Grand ceases its eruption, Vent and Turban can continue to erupt for another hour.[4]

Upon the finish of an eruption, Grand's pool is empty and takes about five hours to refill.[4]

Images of Grand Geyser
Grand Geyser. The small geyser on the left is Vent Geyser 
Grand Geyser 
Grand Geyser in 2009 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grand Geyser". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ Bauer, Clyde Max (1947). Yellowstone Geysers. Yellowstone Park, Wyoming: Haynes. OCLC 1517713. 
  3. ^ "Grand Geyser". Old Faithful Area Tour. 
  4. ^ a b c "Grand Geyser". Geyser Observation and Study Association. http://www.geyserstudy.org/geyser.aspx?pGeyserNo=GRAND.

External links[edit]