Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria

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Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic
Großstern-Ehrenzeichen-Rep-AUT-combined.jpg
Grand Star and Sash of the Order
Awarded by  Austria
Type State decoration
with 15 Grades
Awarded for Meritorious service
to the Austrian nation
Description National Order of Merit
Statistics
Established 2 April 1952
Precedence
Next (higher) None
Next (lower) Austrian Decoration for Science and the Arts
AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Bronze Medal BAR.png
Ribbon of the Order

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria or Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic (German: Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a national honour awarded by the Republic of Austria.

The Order comprises 15 grades and is Austria's highest national honour.

History[edit]

The "Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria" was established by the National Council in 1952.[1] It is conferred by the Republic of Austria to honour people (from Austria and abroad) who have rendered meritorious services to the country. Recipients are selected by the government, the awards are made by the President in accordance with the respective laws.[1] The President of Austria automatically receives the "Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria" by being elected to the office and holds this honour for life. The decoration should not be confused with other decorations in the Austrian honours system such as the "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art".

Classes[edit]

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria is divided into the 15 classes as follows:

  1. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 1st Class BAR.png Grand Star (Groß-Stern).[2]
  2. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 2nd Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash (Großes Goldenes Ehrenzeichen am Bande).[2]
  3. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 3rd Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Sash (Großes Silbernes Ehrenzeichen am Bande).[2]
  4. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 4th Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Star (Großes Goldenes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  5. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 5th Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star (Großes Silbernes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  6. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 6th Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  7. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 7th Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  8. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 8th Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour (Großes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  9. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 9th Class BAR.png Decoration of Honour in Gold (Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  10. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 10th Class BAR.png Decoration of Honour in Silver (Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  11. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 11th Class BAR.png Decoration of Merit in Gold (Goldenes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  12. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 12th Class BAR.png Decoration of Merit in Silver (Silbernes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  13. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Gold Medal BAR.png Gold Medal (Goldene Medaille).[3]
  14. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Silver Medal BAR.png Silver Medal (Silberne Medaille).[3]
  15. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Bronze Medal BAR.png Bronze Medal (Bronzene Medaille), which is no longer awarded.[3]

The "Gold Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria" may also be conferred as "Gold Medal with Red Riband" awarded for bravery and lifesaving.[3]

Classes of the decoration
The five higher classes with Breast Star. 
The seven lower classes of the Decoration. 
Three Medals in Gold, Silver and Bronze. 

Notable recipients[edit]

See also List of Austrian Honours awarded to Heads of State and Royals

Below a list with names of all Grand Star recipients and other notable recipients, in chronological order with the year of award in brackets:

Grand Star recipients[edit]

Other select recipients[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hofburg: Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Decoration (English); Ehrenzeichen (German).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Ehrenzeichen (German).
  4. ^ Badurina, Berislav; Saračević, Sead; Grobenski, Valent; Eterović, Ivo; Tudor, Mladen (1980). Bilo je časno živjeti s Titom. Vjesnik. p. 102. 
  5. ^ Volkov, Solomon. (2004). Testimony, p. 280.
  6. ^ Felder, Deborah G. (2005). Fifty Jewish Women Who Changed the World, p. 129.
  7. ^ Toyota: Toyoda bio
  8. ^ Austrian Information, May/June 2004
  9. ^ "Obituary: Jeanette Schmid". The Telegraph. 17 March 2005. 
  10. ^ Covington & Burling: Eizenstat bio
  11. ^ Council of Europe: Schwimmer bio
  12. ^ Lancaster University [1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]