Grand Island, Nebraska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Grand Island, Nebraska
City
Hall County Courthouse in Grand Island
Hall County Courthouse in Grand Island
Location of Grand Island, Nebraska
Location of Grand Island, Nebraska
Coordinates: 40°55′20″N 98°21′29″W / 40.92222°N 98.35806°W / 40.92222; -98.35806Coordinates: 40°55′20″N 98°21′29″W / 40.92222°N 98.35806°W / 40.92222; -98.35806
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Hall
Government
 • Mayor Jay Vavricek
Area[1]
 • Total 28.55 sq mi (73.94 km2)
 • Land 28.41 sq mi (73.58 km2)
 • Water 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
Elevation 1,860 ft (567 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 48,520
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 49,989
 • Density 1,707.8/sq mi (659.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 68801-68803
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-19595
GNIS feature ID 0829622[4]
Website www.grand-island.com

Grand Island is a city in and the county seat of Hall County, Nebraska, United States.[5] The population was 48,520 at the 2010 census.[6]

Grand Island is home to the Nebraska Law Enforcement Training Center (NLETC) which is the sole agency responsible for training law enforcement officers throughout the state, as well as the home of the Southern Power District serving southern Nebraska.

Grand Island has been given the All-America City Award three times (1955, 1967, and 1981–82) by the National Civic League.

Grand Island is the principal city of the Grand Island metropolitan area, which consists of Hall, Merrick, Howard and Hamilton counties. The Grand Island metropolitan area has an official population of 83,472 residents.[7]

History[edit]

In 1857, 35 German settlers left Davenport, Iowa, and headed west to Nebraska to start a new settlement on an island known by French traders as La Grande Isle, which was formed by the Wood River and the Platte River. The settlers reached their destination on July 4, 1857, and by September had built housing using local timber. Over the next nine years, the settlers had to overcome many hardships, including blizzards and conflicts with Native Americans.[8]

In fall 1865, a surveyor for the Union Pacific Railroad discovered a vast prairie-dog village near present-day Grand Island. He said, "for a distance of ten miles the prairie is one vast prairie-dog village. For miles and miles the ground is completely covered with their holes." [9]

Surveyors from the Union Pacific Railroad laid out a town called Grand Island Station and many settlers living on Grand Island moved to the new town, located slightly inland from the island.[10] In 1868 the railroad reached the area, bringing increased trade and business. By 1870, 1,057 people lived in the town and in 1872 the town was incorporated as Grand Island.[8]

In about 1890, sugar beets were introduced as a crop in Nebraska. The first sugar beet processing factory in the United States was built in the southwest part of Grand Island.[8]

1980 tornadoes[edit]

On June 3, 1980, Grand Island was hit by a massive supercell storm. Through the course of the evening, the city was ravaged by seven tornadoes, the worst of which was rated F4 on the Fujita Scale. The hardest hit area of town was the South Locust business district. There were five deaths as a result of the tornadoes.

Tornado Hill is a local landmark created as a direct result of the tornadoes. Debris that could not be recycled was burnt near Fonner Park and buried within Ryder Park, on the west end of town. The base of the hill was a hole 6–8 feet deep and nearly 200 feet across, and the hill is 40 feet high. It is used for sledding in this naturally flat area.[11]

A book, Night of the Twisters, by Ivy Ruckman, and movie were based on this event.[12]

Geography and climate[edit]

Grand Island is located in Nebraska. 40°55′20″N 98°21′29″W / 40.922316°N 98.357996°W / 40.922316; -98.357996.[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.55 square miles (73.94 km2), of which, 28.41 square miles (73.58 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water.[1]

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 76 80 90 96 101 107 109 110 104 96 82 76
Norm High °F 32.6 38.6 49.5 61.9 71.9 83 87.1 84.8 76.9 64.6 46.8 35.3
Norm Low °F 12.2 17.7 27 37.8 49.3 59.1 64.4 62.3 51.8 39.3 25.9 15.9
Rec Low °F -28 -19 -21 7 23 38 42 40 23 9 -11 -26
Precip (in) 0.54 0.68 2.04 2.61 4.07 3.72 3.14 3.08 2.43 1.51 1.41 0.66
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,963
1890 7,536 154.3%
1900 7,554 0.2%
1910 10,326 36.7%
1920 13,947 35.1%
1930 18,041 29.4%
1940 19,130 6.0%
1950 22,682 18.6%
1960 25,742 13.5%
1970 32,358 25.7%
1980 33,180 2.5%
1990 39,386 18.7%
2000 42,940 9.0%
2010 48,520 13.0%
Est. 2012 49,989 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2012 Estimate[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 48,520 people, 18,326 households, and 11,846 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,707.8 inhabitants per square mile (659.4 /km2). There were 19,426 housing units at an average density of 683.8 per square mile (264.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.0% White, 2.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 13.1% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.7% of the population.

There were 18,326 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.20.

The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 27.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 42,940 people, 16,426 households, and 11,038 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,000.2 people per square mile (772.2/km2). There were 17,421 housing units at an average density of 811.5 per square mile (313.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.72% White, 0.42% African American, 0.33% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 9.64% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.94% of the population.

There were 16,426 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,044, and the median income for a family was $43,197. Males had a median income of $28,925 versus $20,521 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,071. About 9.9% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

State Fair[edit]

In 2010 Grand Island became the home of the Nebraska State Fair.[16]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 80 is located four miles south of the city. US Highway 281 is the main north-south route in the city, running through the city's west edge south to Hastings, Nebraska, and north to O'Neill, Nebraska.

Central Nebraska Regional Airport is located in Grand Island. On September 4, 2008, Allegiant Air began nonstop service from Grand Island to Las Vegas, Nevada. In June 2011, American Eagle Airlines began providing service to Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas twice daily.

Grand Island used to have a trolley that ran just east of the Grand Island College (now the location of Grand Island Senior High School). The trolley ran from the intersection of Capital Avenue and Lafayette Avenue, south to Waugh Street. It turned east on Waugh Street, and ran to Grand Island Avenue. It then turned south on Grand Island Avenue and ran where a median is now located. The trolley line terminated at the Grand Island Avenue and 13th Street intersection. The trolley line was used as a "school bus" for college students to get to the former college.

Radio stations[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

Grand Island has two hospitals; Saint Francis Medical Center and the Veterans Affairs Hospital.

Shopping[edit]

Grand Island is a major hub for shopping in Central Nebraska. The Conestoga Mall is a shopping mall in the city and the historic downtown area features many shops, furniture stores, antique stores and unique restaurants.

Grand Island in the news[edit]

A June 10, 2011 issue of Time Magazine featured Grand Island and the surrounding area. Referred to as "economic bizarro land," the article profiles the strong local economy.[17]

On December 12, 2006 the Immigration and Customs Enforcement staged a coordinated predawn raid at the Swift and Co. meat packing plant in Grand Island and at five other Swift plants in western states. They interviewed workers and took away suspected illegal immigrants.[18][19]

A February 16, 1952 issue of Look Magazine listed Grand Island as one of 26 cities that tolerated sinful behavior.[20] After this issue, Grand Island took measures to clean up its image.

Stuhr Museum of the Prairie Pioneer, Grand Island, Nebraska. Building designed by Edward Durell Stone.
Hotel Yancey

Education[edit]

School districts[edit]

High schools[edit]

Notable people[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Nebraska's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". =Census 2010 News. United States Census Bureau. March 11, 2011. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Grand Island, you are officially a metro area". Omaha World Herald. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "The Pioneer Spirit". City of Grand Island, Nebraska. 2011. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  9. ^ Ambrose, Stephen; "Nothing Like it in the World", p. 141
  10. ^ "History". City of Grand Island, Nebraska. 2011. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ Frisvold, Brad (2011). "The Real Night of the Twisters". gitwisters.com. Grand Island, NE: The Independent. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  12. ^ O'Neill, Colleen (2011). "The Real Night of the Twisters". gitwisters.com. Grand Island, NE: The Independent. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Nebraska State Fair". Nebraska State Fair Park. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 
  17. ^ "Want to Make More than a Banker? Become a Farmer!". Time. July 10, 2011. 
  18. ^ "U.S. Raids 6 Meat Plants in ID Case", article New York Times by Julia Preston, December 13, 2006
  19. ^ FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Case Law, Federal and State Resources, Forms, and Code
  20. ^ Article. Nebraska Law Association. Retrieved 9/23/06.
  21. ^ Bain, David Haward (2004). The Old Iron Road: An Epic of Rails, Roads, and the Urge to Go West. New York City, New York: Penguin Books. pp. 60–2. ISBN 0-14-303526-6. 
  22. ^ Fox, Margalit (June 6, 2006). "Mary Martin McLaughlin, 87, a Scholar of the Middle Ages, Is Dead". New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 

External links[edit]