Grand Junction, Tennessee

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Grand Junction, Tennessee
City
Location in Hardeman County and the state of Tennessee.
Location in Hardeman County and the state of Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°2′53″N 89°11′25″W / 35.04806°N 89.19028°W / 35.04806; -89.19028Coordinates: 35°2′53″N 89°11′25″W / 35.04806°N 89.19028°W / 35.04806; -89.19028
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Hardeman, Fayette
Founded 1854
Government
 • Type Board of Aldermen
 • Mayor Curtis Lane
 • Vice Mayor James Holder
Area
 • Total 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 571 ft (174 m)
Population
 • Total 321
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38039
Area code(s) 731, 901
FIPS code 47-30280[1]
GNIS feature ID 1285817[2]
Website http://www.grandjunctiontn.com/

Grand Junction is a city in Hardeman and Fayette counties, Tennessee. The population was 301 at the 2000 census, and is currently 321.[3] Grand Junction runs along Tennessee State Route 57, and is bordered to the west by Tennessee State Route 18 (Mississippi Highway 7). Approximately ten miles to the south is U. S. Route 72. Tennessee State Route 368 also runs through downtown Grand Junction. Grand Junction has been called the "Bird Dog Capital of the World" and serves as the location of the National Bird Dog Museum.

History[edit]

Grand Junction in 1940

Grand Junction was founded in 1858. It was named after the "Grand Junction" of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, which ran through the area. The town was a railroad town, with its own newspaper, two saloons, three hotels, a livery stable and other businesses.[4] During the Civil War, the Union Army held the city for approximately three years. In 1878 a yellow fever epidemic struck the town and killed more than half of the 150 residents.[5] The town was incorporated in 1901.[6]

Geography[edit]

Grand Junction is located at 35°2′53″N 89°11′25″W / 35.04806°N 89.19028°W / 35.04806; -89.19028 (35.048023, -89.190177).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 393
1910 491 24.9%
1920 497 1.2%
1930 524 5.4%
1940 560 6.9%
1950 477 −14.8%
1960 446 −6.5%
1970 427 −4.3%
1980 360 −15.7%
1990 365 1.4%
2000 301 −17.5%
2010 325 8.0%
Est. 2012 315 −3.1%
Sources:[8][9]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 301 people, 125 households, and 86 families residing in the city. The population density was 255.4 people per square mile (98.5/km²). There were 142 housing units at an average density of 120.5 per square mile (46.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 58.47% White, 40.53% African American, 0.33% Native American, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.

There were 125 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 81.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,306, and the median income for a family was $36,375. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $20,469 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,304. About 8.4% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 7.4% of those sixty five or over. Most of those below the poverty line receive federal aid.

Climate[edit]

Grand Junction has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. The summer months (late May to late September) are persistently hot and humid due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico, with afternoon temperatures frequently above 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Afternoon thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Early autumn is drier and mild, but can remain hot until late October. Abrupt but short-lived cold snaps are common. Late autumn is rainy and colder, December being the third rainiest month of the year. Fall foliage becomes especially vibrant after the first frost, typically early November, and lasts until early December. Winters are mild, but cold snaps can occur. Mild spells sometimes occur January and February. Snowfall is not abundant but does occur during most winters, with one or two major winter weather events occurring by the end of March. Spring often begins in late February or early March, following the onset of a sharp warmup. This season is also known as "severe weather season" due to the higher frequency of tornadoes, hail, and thunderstorms producing winds greater than 58 mph (93 km/h). Average rainfall is slightly higher during the spring months than the rest of the year. Historically, April is the month with the highest frequency of tornadoes, though tornadoes have occurred every month of the year. Grand Junction-area historical tornado activity is above Tennessee state average, and 155% greater than the overall U.S. average. Grand Junction is sunny about 62.5% of the time.[10]

Economy[edit]

A. Schulman has a manufacturing facility in Grand Junction. The town also has many small local businesses including a clothing boutique, antique shops, and 2 local banks, several quick-marts and a Dollar General store.[4]

Arts and culture[edit]

The National Bird Dog Museum (NBDM) is located in Grand Junction, as is the Field Trial Hall of Fame and Wildlife Heritage Center, which shares space with the NBDM. The location of the NBDM and the history of the area in regards to hunting has earned the town the title of the "Bird Dog Capital of the World".[11] Ames Plantation, the former home of Hobart Ames, is also located in the area.[12] The town is also home to the National Field Trial Championships, which are held at Ames Plantation.[4] Grand Junction's library, the Bobby Martindale Memorial Library, serves area residents and consists of 1 staff member and volunteers. As of 2011, over 1,380 patrons visited the library, checking out items over 3,300 times.[13] The Wilder Community Center serves as a community hall and senior center. Grand Junction also has one of the oldest and most active Ruritan clubs in Tennessee.[4]

Annual events[edit]

A Christmas parade is held each year with a tree-lighting ceremony, as well the annual community fish fry hosted by the Local Chapter of the Ruritan. It is held the 1st Saturday in October each year and draws from several counties. There is also an annual BBQ Cookoff contest help each year in April that draws a large crowd and plenty of contestants vying for the "Golden Pig".[4]

Other notable landmarks[edit]

Many of the original buildings are still maintained within Grand Junction. Rogers and Sons Marble Works, established in 1879, is still standing and the old railroad depot still exists. N.T. Richardson's General Merchandise Store is still standing and stocked from when it finally closed, which was run by N.T. Richardson until his death at 104 years old. The local City Park now serves as the site of the annual community fish fry.[4]

Education[edit]

Grand Junction has one elementary school: Grand Junction Elementary School, and also a Head Start Program.[4]

Media[edit]

Although in a rural area, Grand Junction has many local television and radio stations able to be received by residents with basic outdoor antennas. Eleven television stations are available over the air in Grand Junction,[14] and over sixteen radio stations are also able to be received.[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

Major Thoroughfares[edit]

Utilities[edit]

Grand Junction provides a number of services to their population. The Grand Junction Post Office provides mail services and the Bolivar Electric Company and Hardeman/Fayette Utility Dist. provides electricity and gas, respectively. The city handles waste disposal, sewage and water needs. Comcast provides cable services, internet and phone services and AT&T, landline phone service, internet and television services.[16]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://www.grandjunctiontn.com/Main.htm
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Grand Junction". Citie & Towns. Hardeman County, Tennessee. 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "History". Welcome. Town of Grand Junction. 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Hardeman County, TN". Tennessee. Nostalgiaville. 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.city-data.com/city/Grand-Junction-Tennessee.htm
  11. ^ Chad Love (2011). "The Hallowed Ground of Grand Junction, Tennessee". Man's Best Friend. Field & Stream. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Facts". Welcome. Town of Grand Junction. 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  13. ^ Loretta Crowder-Bell (2011). "Bobby Martindale Memorial Library". Bobby Martindale Memorial Library. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  14. ^ http://antennaweb.org/aw/Stations.aspx
  15. ^ http://radio-locator.com/cgi-bin/locate?select=city&city=Grand+Junction&state=TN&band=Both&is_lic=Y&is_cp=Y&is_fl=Y&is_fx=Y&is_fb=Y&format=&dx=0&radius=&freq=&sort=freq&sid=
  16. ^ "Services". City Services. Town of Grand Junction. 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 

External links[edit]