Grand Kru County

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Grand Kru County
County
Flag of Grand Kru County
Flag
Location in Liberia
Location in Liberia
Coordinates: 4°55′N 8°15′W / 4.917°N 8.250°W / 4.917; -8.250
Country  Liberia
Capital Barclayville
Districts 4
Established 1984
Government
 • Superintendent Rosalind Sneh
Area
 • Total 3,895 km2 (1,504 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 57,106
 • Density 14.7/km2 (38/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Grand Kru County is a county in the southeastern portion of the West African nation of Liberia. One of 15 counties that comprise the first-level of administrative division in the nation, it has eighteen districts. Created in 1984, Barclayville serves as the capital with the area of the county measuring 3,895 square kilometres (1,504 sq mi).[1] As of the 2008 Census, it had a population of 57,106, making it the least populous county in Liberia.[1]

Grand Kru's County Superintendent is Rosalind Sneh.[2] The county is bordered by River Gee County to the northeast, Sinoe County to the northwest, and Maryland County to the southeast. The southern part of Grand Kru borders the Atlantic Ocean.

History[edit]

Grand Kru was created in 1984/1985 by the merger of Sasstown Territory and Kru Coast Territory. Kru coast territory which had previously been part of Maryland County, and Sasstown territory which had previously been part of Sinoe county. As of the 1984 Census, the county had a population of 62,791.[1] A UN Mission in Liberia report issued in April 2005 estimated that the population was 71,000.

Demographics[edit]

The primary language is kru which is spoken in several significantly different dialects around the county with some areas identifying their language as buah and kplio. Liberian English is the language of school instruction.

Districts[edit]

The county is divided into four districts:

Economy[edit]

The area has few roads which partially explains the relatively low population density. In June 2005 the UN Integrated Regional Information Network reported that the roads in Grand Kru had decayed and become overgrown by dense bush, rendering them impassable, except on foot, and that the bridge across the Nu River at Barclaville had been destroyed.

The primary industry is subsistence, largely slash and burn, farming. The most important crops are upland rice, cassava, palm nuts, and along the coast, fishing. Feed corn is grown at higher elevations farther inland. Sugar cane and several varieties of bananas grow in the wetland areas. Cash crops include coffee, cocoa and kola. Locally grown bamboo and piassava palm are widely used for construction, mats and baskets. Many tropical fruits, domestic and wild, grow in the region including oranges, limes, mangos, soursop, breadfruit and coconut.

Poultry, cattle, sheep and goats are found in and around most villages. Most animals are of pygmy variety as larger varieties die quickly due to the heat and humidity. Prior to the civil war the region's extensive rainforests contained a wide variety of wildlife including wild pigs, bongo, dik-dik, pangolin, civet, pygmy hippo, African buffalo and colobus monkey all of which are hunted for food and hides. Also found are snakes, and very small populations of forest elephants and leopards.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2008 National Population and Housing Census: Preliminary Results". Government of the Republic of Liberia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  2. ^ "Grand Kru County Development Agenda". Government of Liberia. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 

External links[edit]