Principality of Transylvania (1711–1867)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (March 2013)|
|Principality of Transylvania
Grand Principality of Transylvania
|Principality of the Habsburg Monarchy/Austrian Empire|
|Capital||Hermannstadt (Sibiu) 1711–1791, 1848–1861
Klausenburg (Cluj) 1791–1848, 1861–1867
|Governor of Transylvania|
|-||1711–1740||Charles III (first)|
|Today part of||Romania|
The vassal Ottoman Principality of Transylvania was captured by Habsburgs and transferred to the Habsburg Monarchy by the Treaty of Karlowitz from 1699. From 1711 onward, Habsburg control over Transylvania was consolidated, and the princes of Transylvania were replaced with Habsburg imperial governors. In 1765 the Grand Principality of Transylvania was proclaimed, consolidating the special separate status of Transylvania within the Habsburg Monarchy, established by the Diploma Leopoldinum in 1691.
In 1853, the Transylvanian Military Frontier (which existed from 1762) was abolished and included into Transylvania.
In the compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 which established the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the special status of Transylvania ended and it came under the control of parliament of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Before its abolition in 1867, the Principality of Transylvania bordered the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary to the northwest and west, the Habsburg Bukovina to the northeast, the Habsburg Military Frontier to the southwest, and the United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia to the south and east.
|Year||Total||Romanians||Hungarians and Székelys||Germans|
- Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)
- History of Transylvania
- List of rulers of Transylvania
- Transylvanian Military Frontier
- Peter Rokai – Zoltan Đere – Tibor Pal – Aleksandar Kasaš, Istorija Mađara, Beograd, 2002, pages 376–377.