Grand Prix de la Marne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
France Grand Prix de la Marne
Circuit-reims-gueux-1926-b.png
Grand Prix de la Marne
Venue Circuit de Reims-Gueux
Location Reims, France
49°15′14.67″N 3°55′50.02″E / 49.2540750°N 3.9305611°E / 49.2540750; 3.9305611Coordinates: 49°15′14.67″N 3°55′50.02″E / 49.2540750°N 3.9305611°E / 49.2540750; 3.9305611
Corporate sponsor A. C. de Champagne
First race 1925 Circuit Beine-Nauroy
First Gueux race 1926
Last race 1952 Gueux
Distance 509.905 km
Laps 71
Duration 3 hours
Most wins (driver) France Philippe Étancelin (3)
Most wins (team) France Ettore Bugatti
Most wins (manufacturer) France Bugatti (9)
Circuit information
Surface Asphalt
Length 7.826 km (4.863 mi)
Turns 8
Lap record 2'28.2 (France Jean Behra,
 France Gordini T16,
1952, Formula 2)

The Grand Prix de la Marne (commonly known as the Marne Grand Prix) was a motor race organized by the Automobile Club de Champagne and staged at the circuit Reims-Gueux on public roads located 7.5 km (4.7 mi) west of the city of Reims in the Marne département of north-eastern France. It proved to be one of the fastest and most prestigious road races in Europe.

History[edit]

The origins of motor racing in the Marne district of the Champagne region date to 1912/1913 motorcycle competitions held on a 225 km (140 mi) road course referred to as the Circuit de la Champagne à Reims [1] near the town of Sarcy (about 20 km (12 mi) west-south-west of Reims).

The first race for automobiles was held on August 2, 1925 at the 20 km Circuit de Beine-Nauroy (approximately 10 km south-east of Reims near the Reims-Prunay airport on road D-931).[2] In 1926, the Grand Prix moved to the Reims-Gueux circuit, starting an annual series to run un-interrupted until 1931. By 1932, the popularity and success of the race prompted the French Automobile Club to host the French Grand Prix (billed as the XVIII Grand Prix de l'ACF) [3] at the then 7.826 km (4.9 mi) circuit. The French GP returned in 1938 / 1939 under grand prix regulations, two Formula 1 non-championship rounds in 1948 and 1949 and from the inaugural 1950 Formula 1 championship season for another eleven editions at various years until 1966.

Except for the 1926 Coupe d'Or (the first 12 hrs of Reims),[4] the 1932 Grand Prix de France at Reims was the first major race not billed as the Grand Prix de la Marne even though a few contemporary sources and regional interest continued to refer to the ACF sanctioned Grand Prix de France as "Grand Prix de la Marne". Various race name and numbering systems are still in use today. A typical example among the editions published under different race names and/or numbers is the 1952 Grand Prix: XIII Grand Prix de la Marne (F2 Register),[5] (Stats F1) [6] - XX Grand Prix de la Marne" (GEL Motorsport Information Page) [7] - Grand Prix de France - GP de Reims (sports car) 1952 (Amis de Circuit Gueux).[8]

The last Grand Prix de la Marne was held in 1937, effectively ending the series except for a final edition in 1952.

Grand Prix de la Marne time line[edit]

1925
1926-1927
1928-1935
1935-1937
1952

 

Grand Prix de la Marne - Circuit Beine-Nauroy
Grand Prix de la Marne - Circuit Reims-Gueux
Grand Prix de la Marne - Circuit Reims-Gueux
Grand Prix de la Marne - Circuit Reims-Gueux
Grand Prix de la Marne - Circuit Reims

 

Formula Libre
Formula Libre
Grand Prix
Sports car
Formula 2

The Grand Prix de la Marne by year[edit]

Legend:

Formula Libre = FL - Grand Prix = GP - Voiturette = VT - Sports car = SC - Formula 2 = F2
  Year      Date    Event Reg. Winner Constructor / Car Circuit Laps Time km/h av. Report
1925 Aug. 2 1° GP de la Marne FL France Pierre Clause Bignan 22 km 10 2:08:56.4 104.20 km/h Report
1926 July 25 2° GP de la Marne FL France François Lescot Bugatti T35B 2L C 7.816 km 40 2:50:15.6 112.77 km/h Report
1927 July 10 3° GP de la Marne FL France Philippe Étancelin Bugatti T35B 7.816 km 50 3:26:20.2 116.32 km/h Report
1928 July 8 4° GP de la Marne GP Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti T35 7.816 km 50 3:00:47.4 132.75 km/h Report
1929 July 7 5° GP de la Marne GP France Philippe Étancelin Bugatti 35C 7.816 km 50 2:54:14.6 137.74 km/h Report
1930 June 29 6° GP de la Marne GP France René Dreyfus Bugatti T35B 7.816 km 50 2:49:27.6 141.626 km/h Report
1931 July 5 7° GP de la Marne GP France Marcel Lehoux Bugatti T51 7.816 km 50 2:47:37.4 143.18 km/h Report
VT France Philippe Auber Bugatti T37A 7.816 km 50 3:19:00.4 120.588 km/h
1932 XVIII Grand Prix de l'ACF
1933 July 2 8° GP de la Marne GP France Philippe Etancelin Alfa Romeo Monza 7.826 km 51 2:45:12.4 145.0 km/h Report
1934 July 8 9° GP de la Marne GP Monaco Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Tipo B 7.826 km 64 3:25:51.8 146.0 km/h Report
1935 July 7 10° GP de la Marne GP France René Dreyfus Alfa Romeo Tipo B 7.826 km 64 2:57:52.8 157.760 km/h Report
SC France Albert Perrot Delahaye 18CV T-138 7.826 km 64 1:29:22.0 131.340 km/h Report
1936 July 5 11° GP de la Marne SC France Jean-Pierre Wimille Bugatti 57G Tank 7.826 km 51 2:50:45.3 140.245 km/h Report
1937 July 18 12° GP de la Marne SC France Jean-Pierre Wimille Bugatti T59 7.826 km 63 3:23:58.4 145.030 km/h Report
1938-1951 Grand Prix de l'ACF (1938-1939 - GP), (1948-1949 - F1 non-championship), (1950-1951 - F1)
1952 June 29 13° GP de la Marne F2 France Jean Behra Gordini T16 7.152 km 71 3 hrs 169.935 km/h Report
Sources: [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Les Courses Motos en France - 1912 à 1914 (french language)". racingmemo.free.fr. Retrieved June 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ "1925 Le Circuit de Beine-Nauroy". racingmemo.free.fr. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ "XVIII Grand Prix de l'ACF". Leif Snellman. Retrieved June 29, 2014. 
  4. ^ "1926 Coupe d’Or: 1ères 12 Heures de Reims, Aug 22". amis-du-circuit-de-gueux.fr. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ "XIII Grand Prix de la Marne". formula2.net. Retrieved June 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ "XIII Grand Prix de la Marne". statsf1.com. Retrieved June 29, 2014. 
  7. ^ "XX Grand Prix de la Marne". silhouet.com. Retrieved June 29, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Palmares des GP du Circuit de Reims-Gueux". amis-du-circuit-de-gueux.fr. Retrieved June 29, 2014. 
  9. ^ "1925 Grand Prix de la Marne". teamdan.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "1926 GP de la Marne". amis-du-circuit-de-gueux.fr. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ "1927 Grand Prix de la Marne". teamdan.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  12. ^ "1928 Grand Prix de la Marne". teamdan.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  13. ^ "1929 GP de la Marne". teamdan.com. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  14. ^ "1930 Marne Grand Prix". Leif Snellman. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  15. ^ "1931 Marne Grand Prix". Leif Snellman. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  16. ^ "1933 Grand Prix de la Marne". Leif Snellman. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  17. ^ "1935 Grand Prix de la Marne". Leif Snellman. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  18. ^ "1936 Grand Prix de la Marne - Sports Car". Leif Snellman. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  19. ^ "1947 Grand Prix de Reims (anciennement Grand Prix de la Marne)". 8w.forix.com. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  20. ^ "1952 Grand Prix de la Marne Gueux". formula2.net. Retrieved May 30, 2014.