Grand Ronde, Oregon

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For other places with the same name, see Grand Ronde (disambiguation).
Grand Ronde, Oregon
Census-designated place (CDP)
The Grand Ronde public library
The Grand Ronde public library
Location of Grand Ronde, Oregon
Location of Grand Ronde, Oregon
Coordinates: 45°3′36″N 123°36′33″W / 45.06000°N 123.60917°W / 45.06000; -123.60917Coordinates: 45°3′36″N 123°36′33″W / 45.06000°N 123.60917°W / 45.06000; -123.60917
Country United States
State Oregon
County Polk & Yamhill
Area
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
 • Land 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 344 ft (105 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,661
 • Density 413.8/sq mi (159.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97347
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-30300[1]
GNIS feature ID 1142904[2]

Grand Ronde is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community in Polk and Yamhill counties, Oregon, United States.[3] The name of the community is a variation of the French Grande Ronde or "fine large valley", a description given to the area by the employees of the Hudson's Bay Company, who were French-Canadian. The population was 271 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community own and operate Spirit Mountain Casino, which is a major local employer. In 1997, the casino created the Spirit Mountain Community Fund, which supports a number of charities both within Polk County and throughout Oregon from the casino's gambling revenue. In January 2010, the CDP was expanded to include areas located inside Yamhill County.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.[5] The community is located 344 feet (105 m) above sea-level.[3]

Climate[edit]

The overall climate of Grand Ronde can be considered temperate climate.[citation needed] This is characteristic of areas with wet, mild winters and warm, dry summers.

Grand Ronde is located in the Oregon Coast Range, which is one of the wettest places in the contiguous United States. Precipitation data has been gathered in Grand Ronde sporadically since 1910 and continuously since 1948.[6] That data shows the average annual precipitation from 1971-2000 to be 101.01 inches.

In contrast, rainfall in Willamina, approximately 7 miles away, is 50.90 inches.[7] Additionally, precipitation at Laurel Mountain, located about 9 miles to the southeast and further up in the Oregon Coast Range, comes down at an average rate of 121.48 inches per year.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 271 people, 113 households, and 61 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 413.8 people per square mile (161.0/km²). There were 140 housing units at an average density of 213.8 per square mile (83.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 67.16% White, 25.83% Native American, 2.95% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 3.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.

There were 113 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.0% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 111.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $23,929, and the median income for a family was $20,139. Males had a median income of $19,722 versus $21,583 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,538. None of the families and 19.1% of the population were living below the poverty line.

References[edit]