Grand Slam Cup

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The Grand Slam Cup was a tennis tournament held annually at the Olympiahalle in Munich in Germany from 1990 through 1999. The event was organized by the International Tennis Federation (ITF), which invited the best-performing players in the year's Grand Slam events to compete in the Grand Slam Cup.

The tournament was created in 1990 and was played on indoor carpet courts. From 1990 to 1996, it was held in December but was moved to the middle of autumn from 1997 to 1999. From 1990 to 1997 the tournament was limited to male players. A women's Cup was added in 1998 and was held simultaneously with the men's Cup.

Throughout its existence the Grand Slam Cup was famous for paying out the highest prize money of any tournament in tennis. The winner for the first three years of the Cup received US$2 million in prize money, which dipped to $1.625 million in 1993, rose to $1.875 million in 1996 and back to $2 million in 1997 before falling to $1.3 million in 1998. If the Cup was won by a player who had also won a Grand Slam event that year they received a bonus of $1 million. Prize money for the winner of the two women's Cups was fixed at $800,000.

The Cup was not recognized by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) for the course of its run, and participants did not receive points in the ATP computer rankings nor have it credited as an official career title. Following the discontinuation of the Cup in 1999 the ATP decided to give the event full recognition and added it to players' lists of official titles.

A compromise between the ITF and the ATP was announced on December 9, 1999 which merged the Cup with the ATP Tour World Championship, the ATP's year-end tournament also held annually in Germany, giving birth to the ATP World Tour Finals, an official tour event.

A direct result of the merging of the two competitions can still be seen in the qualification rules for the ATP World Tour Finals, which included one notable difference from those of the ATP Tour World Championship. The Tour World Championship was meant to include the top eight players on the ATP computer rankings at the end of a season, even though this could mean the exclusion of a Grand Slam champion who had not been able to earn sufficient ranking points in the rest of the year. Present Finals rules ensure the participation of a Grand Slam champion who is unable to earn a top eight ranking at the end of the season and automatic qualification for the top seven players in the computer rankings. The eighth ranked player, however, qualifies only if all Grand Slam singles champions are among the top eight. Any Grand Slam event champion who is not in the top eight but is still in the top twenty is included to the detriment of the eighth ranked player. This situation occurred at the 2004 Tennis Masters Cup, where Andre Agassi, the 8th ranked player in the ATP Champions Race, was excluded from the event in favor of Gastón Gaudio, who had won that year's French Open but was ranked 10th at the end of the year.

Pete Sampras was the most successful player at this event winning two titles out of three final appearances.

Qualification[edit]

Qualification and seeding for the Grand Slam Cup were not related to the ATP computer rankings. Points were allocated to a player based on his Grand Slam performances, and after all four Grand Slam events had concluded the 16 players with the most points – 12 in 1998 and 1999 – qualified for the Cup. Grand Slam champions were not assured of a berth in the event.

ITF's Grand Slam Cup qualification points table
Rounds of Grand Slam events only

Round
Points
First Round 2
Second Round 20
Third Round 40
Fourth Round 75
Quarterfinals 150
Semifinals 300
Final 450
Champion 600

Form of play[edit]

Matches in the first two rounds of the Cup were the best of three sets while the semifinals and final were the best of five sets. There was no tie-break if a match went over the full distance.

Finals[edit]

Men[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1990 United States Pete Sampras United States Brad Gilbert 6–3, 6–4, 6–2
1991 United States David Wheaton United States Michael Chang 7–5, 6–2, 6–4
1992 Germany Michael Stich United States Michael Chang 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
1993 Czech Republic Petr Korda Germany Michael Stich 2–6, 6–4, 7–6 (7–5), 2–6, 11–9
1994 Sweden Magnus Larsson United States Pete Sampras 7–6 (8–6), 4–6, 7–6 (7–5), 6–4
1995 Croatia Goran Ivanišević United States Todd Martin 7–6 (7–4), 6–3, 6–4
1996 Germany Boris Becker Croatia Goran Ivanišević 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1997 United States Pete Sampras Australia Patrick Rafter 6–2, 6–4, 7–5
1998 Chile Marcelo Ríos United States Andre Agassi 6–4, 2–6, 7–6 (7–1), 5–7, 6–3
1999 United Kingdom Greg Rusedski Germany Tommy Haas 6–3, 6–4, 6–7 (5–7), 7–6 (7–5)

Women[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1998 United States Venus Williams Switzerland Patty Schnyder 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
1999 United States Serena Williams United States Venus Williams 6–1, 3–6, 6–3

Draws[edit]

1990[edit]

Date: December 11 – December 16

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
1  Sweden Stefan Edberg 4 6 5  
   United States Michael Chang 6 4 7        United States Michael Chang 77 6    
ALT  France Henri Leconte 6 6       ALT  France Henri Leconte 63 3    
7  Austria Thomas Muster 3 4            United States Michael Chang 3 4 4      
4  United States Pete Sampras 5 6 7       4  United States Pete Sampras 6 6 6      
   Soviet Union Andrei Cherkasov 7 2 5     4  United States Pete Sampras 77 65 8
ALT  United States Kevin Curren 63 67       5  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Goran Ivanišević 62 77 6  
5  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Goran Ivanišević 77 79         4  United States Pete Sampras 6 6 6    
6  Sweden Jonas Svensson 6 3 4       ALT  United States Brad Gilbert 3 4 2    
ALT  United States Brad Gilbert 2 6 6        United States Aaron Krickstein 77 4 3  
   United States Aaron Krickstein 6 6       ALT  United States Brad Gilbert 65 6 6  
3  Ecuador Andrés Gómez 3 4         ALT  United States Brad Gilbert 6 3 79 2 6
8  United States David Wheaton 77 65 6       8  United States David Wheaton 3 6 67 6 4  
   France Yannick Noah 62 77 3     8  United States David Wheaton 6 77  
ALT  Sweden Christian Bergström 4 0       2  Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 2 64    
2  Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6 6    

1991[edit]

Date: December 10 – December 15

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
ALT  Australia Todd Woodbridge 6 6    
ALT  United States Aaron Krickstein 3 3       ALT  Australia Todd Woodbridge 4 66    
   Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 6 2 3     7  United States David Wheaton 6 78    
7  United States David Wheaton 1 6 6       7  United States David Wheaton 78 78 77      
3  Germany Michael Stich 6 6         3  Germany Michael Stich 66 66 63      
   Croatia Goran Prpić 4 3       3  Germany Michael Stich 710 6  
   Peru Jaime Yzaga 3 3       5  France Guy Forget 68 4    
5  France Guy Forget 6 6         7  United States David Wheaton 7 6 6    
6  United States Jimmy Connors 6 4 4          United States Michael Chang 5 2 4    
   Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 0 6 6        Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 67 3    
ALT  Italy Cristiano Caratti 4 1       4  Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 79 6    
4  Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6 6         4  Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 6 6 4 65 7
8  United States Patrick McEnroe 4 6 6          United States Michael Chang 2 4 6 77 9  
   France Thierry Champion 6 1 4     8  United States Patrick McEnroe 2 4  
   United States Michael Chang 6 6          United States Michael Chang 6 6    
2  United States Jim Courier 4 2    

1992[edit]

Date: December 8 – December 13

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
1  Sweden Stefan Edberg 64 77 6  
   Germany Michael Stich 77 64 8        Germany Michael Stich 77 7    
ALT  Spain Emilio Sánchez 3 2       8  Netherlands Richard Krajicek 64 5    
8  Netherlands Richard Krajicek 6 6            Germany Michael Stich 77 77 3 77    
3  United States Pete Sampras 6 6         4  United States Pete Sampras 63 65 6 62    
   Commonwealth of Independent States Alexander Volkov 3 4       3  United States Pete Sampras 77 6  
   France Henri Leconte 3 6 6        France Henri Leconte 63 4    
5  South Africa Wayne Ferreira 6 3 0          Germany Michael Stich 6 6 6    
6  United States John McEnroe 6 6            United States Michael Chang 2 3 2    
ALT  Sweden Nicklas Kulti 1 4       6  United States John McEnroe 6 4 2  
   France Guy Forget 5 4       4  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 3 6 6  
4  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 7 6         4  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 77 2 4 6 3
7  Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 2 7 6          United States Michael Chang 63 6 6 3 6  
ALT  Australia Wally Masur 6 5 4     7  Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 3 4  
   United States Michael Chang 6 6          United States Michael Chang 6 6    
2  United States Andre Agassi 4 2    

1993[edit]

Date: December 7 – December 12

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
1  United States Pete Sampras 6 6    
   Austria Thomas Muster 3 1       1  United States Pete Sampras 79 6    
   United States Michael Chang 6 4 7        United States Michael Chang 67 3    
8  Australia Wally Masur 2 6 5       1  United States Pete Sampras 6 63 6 610 11  
3  Spain Sergi Bruguera 6 6            Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 3 77 3 712 13  
   Sweden Magnus Larsson 3 4       3  Spain Sergi Bruguera 6 0 4
   Czech Republic Petr Korda 6 6          Czech Republic Petr Korda 4 6 6  
8  Russia Alexander Volkov 2 3            Czechoslovakia Petr Korda 2 6 77 2 11
5  Germany Michael Stich 6 6         5  Germany Michael Stich 6 4 65 6 9
ALT  United States MaliVai Washington 3 1       5  Germany Michael Stich 5 6 6  
ALT  New Zealand Brett Steven 6 79       ALT  New Zealand Brett Steven 7 4 4  
4  France Cédric Pioline 4 67         5  Germany Michael Stich 3 2 6 6 6
7  Germany Boris Becker 5 4         2  Sweden Stefan Edberg 6 6 3 3 1  
   South Africa Wayne Ferreira 7 6          South Africa Wayne Ferreira 77 1 0
ALT  United States Todd Martin 3 2          Sweden Stefan Edberg 65 6 6  
2  Sweden Stefan Edberg 6 6    

1994[edit]

Date: December 6 – December 11

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
1  United States Pete Sampras 6 6    
ALT  Peru Jaime Yzaga 2 4       1  United States Pete Sampras 6 6    
   Spain Alberto Berasategui 1 5       8  United States Michael Chang 4 3    
8  United States Michael Chang 6 7         1  United States Pete Sampras 5 6 6 65 10  
3  Germany Boris Becker 5 6 6       6  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 7 3 4 77 8  
   South Africa Wayne Ferreira 7 4 3     3  Germany Boris Becker 4 1  
   Sweden Jonas Björkman 4 2       6  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 6 6    
6  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 6 6         1  United States Pete Sampras 66 6 65 4  
5  United States Todd Martin 77 6            Sweden Magnus Larsson 78 4 77 6  
   Czech Republic Karel Nováček 65 4       5  United States Todd Martin 6 77    
ALT  Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 7 4 0     4  Spain Sergi Bruguera 4 65    
4  Spain Sergi Bruguera 5 6 6       5  United States Todd Martin 4 1 1    
7  Sweden Stefan Edberg 4 79 6          Sweden Magnus Larsson 6 6 6      
   Sweden Magnus Larsson 6 67 8        Sweden Magnus Larsson 6 1 6
   Austria Thomas Muster 3 5       2  United States Andre Agassi 3 6 0  
2  United States Andre Agassi 6 7    

1995[edit]

Date: December 5 – December 10

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
1  United States Pete Sampras 6 77    
   United States Patrick McEnroe 1 61       1  United States Pete Sampras        
   Czech Republic Petr Korda 63 3       8  Croatia Goran Ivanišević w/o      
8  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 77 6         8  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 79 4 6 6    
4  United States Michael Chang 610 3         6  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 67 6 3 4    
   Netherlands Jacco Eltingh 712 6          Netherlands Jacco Eltingh 6 3 2
   Italy Renzo Furlan 4 1       6  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 3 6 6  
6  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6 6         8  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 77 6 6    
5  Austria Thomas Muster 63 6 1       9  United States Todd Martin 64 3 4    
ALT  Zimbabwe Byron Black 77 2 6     ALT  Zimbabwe Byron Black 61 1    
ALT  France Cédric Pioline 1 77 7     3  Germany Boris Becker 77 6    
3  Germany Boris Becker 6 62 9       3  Germany Boris Becker 7 3 4 64  
10  Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 6 710         9  United States Todd Martin 5 6 6 77    
   United States Aaron Krickstein 2 68       10  Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 3 6 0r
   Spain Sergi Bruguera 62 4       9  United States Todd Martin 6 3 4  
9  United States Todd Martin 77 6    

1996[edit]

Date: December 3 – December 8

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
11  Germany Michael Stich 3 3    
ALT  United Kingdom Tim Henman 6 6       ALT  United Kingdom Tim Henman 77 6    
   United States MaliVai Washington 6 6          United States MaliVai Washington 63 3    
7  Netherlands Richard Krajicek 1 2         ALT  United Kingdom Tim Henman 62 3 1      
4  Germany Boris Becker 6 6         4  Germany Boris Becker 77 6 6      
   Australia Jason Stoltenberg 3 2       4  Germany Boris Becker 6 6  
ALT  Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 2 6 6     ALT  Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 4 1    
10  France Cédric Pioline 6 3 4       4  Germany Boris Becker 6 6 6    
9  Switzerland Marc Rosset 5 2         2  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 3 4 4    
   United States Jim Courier 7 6          United States Jim Courier 6 4 6  
ALT  Spain Àlex Corretja 4 63       3  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 2 6 8  
3  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6 77         3  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 78 6 3 2 4
8  United States Andre Agassi 3 4         2  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 66 2 6 6 6  
   Australia Mark Woodforde 6 6          Australia Mark Woodforde 4 4  
   Sweden Mikael Tillström 4 2       2  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 6 6    
2  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 6 6    

1997[edit]

Date: September 23 – September 28

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
1  United States Pete Sampras 6 3 6  
   Spain Félix Mantilla 4 6 2     1  United States Pete Sampras 78 6    
WC  Germany Boris Becker 3 2       8  Sweden Jonas Björkman 66 4    
8  Sweden Jonas Björkman 6 6         1  United States Pete Sampras 3 77 77 6    
4  United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 4 6 7       4  United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 61 64 2    
   Australia Todd Woodbridge 6 1 5     4  United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 65 6 6
   Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6 6          Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 77 3 1  
5  Spain Sergi Bruguera 4 3         1  United States Pete Sampras 6 6 7    
6  France Cédric Pioline 77 2         2  Australia Patrick Rafter 2 4 5    
   Belgium Filip Dewulf 64 2r     6  France Cédric Pioline 5 3    
   Czech Republic Petr Korda 6 5          Czech Republic Petr Korda 7 6    
3  Brazil Gustavo Kuerten 3 3r          Czech Republic Petr Korda 5 6 77 64 7
7  Chile Marcelo Ríos 62 6 6       2  Australia Patrick Rafter 7 2 64 77 9  
ALT  Australia Mark Woodforde 77 3 1     7  Chile Marcelo Ríos 1 60  
   Austria Thomas Muster 2 3       2  Australia Patrick Rafter 6 77    
2  Australia Patrick Rafter 6 6    

1998[edit]

Date: September 29 – October 3

Men[edit]

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
 
    1  Czech Republic Petr Korda 6 0 1  
   France Cédric Pioline 0 0       WC  United States Andre Agassi 4 6 6  
WC  United States Andre Agassi 6 6         WC  United States Andre Agassi 77 65 2 7 6  
         Slovakia Karol Kučera 61 77 6 5 0  
    4  Croatia Goran Ivanišević 7 4 6
   Slovakia Karol Kučera 6 6          Slovakia Karol Kučera 5 6 8  
ALT  Morocco Hicham Arazi 4 4         WC  United States Andre Agassi 4 6 61 7 3
   United Kingdom Tim Henman 5 3         2  Chile Marcelo Ríos 6 2 77 5 6
ALT  Sweden Jonas Björkman 7 6       ALT  Sweden Jonas Björkman 6 61 1  
    3  Australia Mark Philippoussis 4 77 6  
      3  Australia Mark Philippoussis 64 3 4    
ALT  France Nicolas Escudé 3 3         2  Chile Marcelo Ríos 77 6 6      
ALT  Spain Félix Mantilla 6 6       ALT  Spain Félix Mantilla 62 5  
    2  Chile Marcelo Ríos 77 7    
 

Women[edit]

  Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
                                       
  1  Switzerland Martina Hingis 6 7    
   Spain Conchita Martínez 2 5    
  1  Switzerland Martina Hingis 7 5 5r  
  Alt  Switzerland Patty Schnyder 5 7 5  
Alt  Switzerland Patty Schnyder 2 7 7
  3  Czech Republic Jana Novotná 6 5 5  
    Alt  Switzerland Patty Schnyder 2 6 2
     United States Venus Williams 6 3 6
  4  Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 3 2    
   United States Venus Williams 6 6    
     United States Venus Williams 6 6  
     France Nathalie Tauziat 4 0    
   France Nathalie Tauziat 4 6 7
  2  United States Lindsay Davenport 6 1 5  

1999[edit]

Date: September 27 – October 4

Men[edit]

First Round   Quarterfinals   Semifinals   Final
 
    1  United States Andre Agassi 0 77 4  
Alt  Slovakia Dominik Hrbatý 3 2          Germany Tommy Haas 6 62 6  
   Germany Tommy Haas 6 6            Germany Tommy Haas 6 6 64 6    
      4  Sweden Thomas Enqvist 3 4 77 4    
    4  Sweden Thomas Enqvist 6 6  
Alt  Brazil Fernando Meligeni 2 6 14        Ecuador Nicolás Lapentti 3 2    
   Ecuador Nicolás Lapentti 6 4 16          Germany Tommy Haas 3 4 77 65  
Alt  United States Vince Spadea 2 5         Alt  United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 6 65 77  
Alt  Netherlands Richard Krajicek 6 7       Alt  Netherlands Richard Krajicek 65 4    
    3  Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 77 6    
      3  Ukraine Andriy Medvedev 3 6 61 5  
   Brazil Gustavo Kuerten 3 6 3       Alt  United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 3 77 7    
Alt  United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 6 3 6     Alt  United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 7 78  
    2  Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov 5 66    
 

Women[edit]

  Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
                                       
  1  Switzerland Martina Hingis 77 6    
   France Amélie Mauresmo 61 2    
  1  Switzerland Martina Hingis 2 78 7  
  4  United States Venus Williams 6 66 9  
4  United States Venus Williams 6 6  
  Alt  Austria Barbara Schett 3 4    
    4  United States Venus Williams 1 6 3
  3  United States Serena Williams 6 3 6
     Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 3 1    
3  United States Serena Williams 6 6    
  3  United States Serena Williams 6 6  
  2  United States Lindsay Davenport 3 4    
Alt  France Mary Pierce 6 2 4
  2  United States Lindsay Davenport 3 6 6  

External links[edit]