Grand Strand

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Dawn in Myrtle Beach

The Grand Strand refers to a large stretch of beaches on the East Coast of the United States extending from Little River to Georgetown in the U.S. State of South Carolina. It consists of 60+ miles along an essentially uninterrupted arc of beach land, beginning around the Little River and terminating at Winyah Bay.[1] The population of the Grand Strand was 329,449 at the 2010 United States Census.

It is said that Grand Strand term was coined by The Myrtle Beach Sun columnist Claude Dunnagan in 1949.[2] and "Strand" itself derives from the German, meaning "beach".[citation needed] In fact, Dunnagan wrote a column "From the Grandstand" dated November 19, 1949, in The Myrtle Beach News, and one called "From the Grand Strand" on December 3, 1949. The Sun was not published until 1950.[3]

The Grand Strand has become a major tourist attraction along the Southeastern coast, with its primary city, Myrtle Beach, attracting over ten million visitors each season.[citation needed] It is home to numerous restaurants and theme parks, making it popular with families and college students in the summer and snowbirds during the winter.

Climate[edit]

According to Köppen climate classification, the Myrtle Beach area has a humid subtropical climate that is heavily influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, giving the area a more oceanic feel.[citation needed] The city experiences cool winters and hot, humid summers.

Rainfall is plentiful throughout the whole year, but most concentrated during the summer months, where it is not uncommon for almost every day to have at least a 30% chance of rain. The area is susceptible to strong thunderstorms, especially in the summer months. These typically have a very short duration, although some may have intense hail with tornadoes rarely.[citation needed]

Snowfall is extremely rare in this part of the state, but does occasionally occur, such as when Myrtle Beach received five inches of snow in January 2000.[4] Another severe ice and snow storm struck on January 28, 2014.

Climate data for Myrtle Beach
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
85
(29)
94
(34)
96
(36)
101
(38)
106
(41)
104
(40)
106
(41)
102
(39)
98
(37)
89
(32)
84
(29)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 57
(14)
61
(16)
68
(20)
76
(24)
83
(28)
88
(31)
91
(33)
90
(32)
85
(29)
77
(25)
69
(21)
60
(16)
75.4
(24.1)
Average low °F (°C) 34
(1)
37
(3)
44
(7)
51
(11)
60
(16)
69
(21)
72
(22)
71
(22)
65
(18)
54
(12)
45
(7)
37
(3)
53.3
(11.9)
Record low °F (°C) 4
(−16)
11
(−12)
12
(−11)
22
(−6)
35
(2)
42
(6)
51
(11)
55
(13)
45
(7)
22
(−6)
16
(−9)
8
(−13)
4
(−16)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.12
(104.6)
3.35
(85.1)
3.92
(99.6)
3.05
(77.5)
3.19
(81)
4.63
(117.6)
6.81
(173)
7.38
(187.5)
5.52
(140.2)
3.55
(90.2)
3.01
(76.5)
3.48
(88.4)
52.01
(1,321.2)
Source: The Weather Channel

History[edit]

The F.G. Burroughs steamship

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Long Bay area was inhabited by the native Waccamaw Tribe. The Waccamaw used the river for travel and fished along the shore around Little River. Waties Island, the primary barrier island along Long Bay, has evidence of burial and shell mounds, remains of the visiting Waccamaw.[5]

The first European settler along Long Bay arrived in the late 18th Century, attempting to extend the plantation system outward towards the ocean.[6] Records are sparse from this period, with most of the recorded history pieced together from old land grants documents.

These settlers were met with mixed results, producing unremarkable quantities of indigo and tobacco as the coast's soil was sandy and most of the crop yields were of an inferior quality.

Prior to the American Revolution, the area along the future Grand Strand was essentially uninhabited. Several families received land grants along the coast, including the Withers: John, Richard, William, and Mary. This family received an area around present-day Wither's Swash, also known as Myrtle Swash or the 8-Mile Swash. A separate grant was granted to James Minor, including a barrier island named Minor Island, now Waties Island, off of the coast near Little River.[7]

Mary Wither's gravestone at Prince George Winyah Episcopal Church speaks to the remoteness of the former Strand: "She gave up the pleasures of Society and retired to Long Bay, where she resided a great part of her life devoted to the welfare of her children."[8]

As the American colonies gained independence, the area remained essentially unchanged, and the coast remained barren. George Washington scouted out the Southern states during his term, traveling down the King's Highway. He stayed a night at Windy Hill (part of present day North Myrtle Beach) and was led across Wither's Swash to Georgetown by Jeremiah Vereen.[9]

The Withers family remained one of the few settlers around Myrtle Beach for the next half-century. In 1822, a strong hurricane swept the house of R. F. Withers into the ocean, drowning 18 people inside. The tragedy made the Withers family decide to abandon their plots along the coast.

Left unattended, the area began to return to forest.[10]

Original Myrtle Beach Air Force Base during World War II

On February 28, 1899 Burroughs and Collins, predecessor of modern day Burroughs and Chapin, received their charter to build the Conway & Seashore Railroad to transport timber from the coast to inland customers. The railroad began daily service on May 1, 1900 with two wood-burning locomotives. One of the engines was dubbed The Black Maria and came second-hand from a North Carolina logging operation. A community named "Withers" post office was established at the site of the old Swash.

After the railroad was finished, employees of the lumber and railroad company would take train flatcars down to beach area on their free weekends, becoming the first Grand Strand tourists.[11] The railroad terminus was nicknamed "New Town", contrasting it with the "Old Town", or Conway.

At the turn of the 20th century, Franklin Burroughs envisioned turning New Town into a tourist destination rivaling the Florida and northeastern beaches. Burroughs died in 1897, but his sons completed the railroad's expansion to the beach and opened the Seaside Inn in 1901.[12]

After its original founding, New Town continued to grow until 1957, when it finally incorporated.[13] A contest was held to name the town and Burroughs' wife suggested honoring the locally abundant shrub, the Southern Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera). So the town was named Myrtle Beach.[13]

In 1937, Myrtle Beach Municipal Airport was built, however it was promptly taken over by the United States Army Air Corps in 1940 and converted into a military base. Commercial flights began in 1976 and shared the runway for over 15 years until the air base closed in 1993. Since then the airport has been named Myrtle Beach International Airport. In 2010 plans to build a new terminal were approved. In 1940, Kings Highway was finally paved, giving Myrtle Beach its first primary highway.

Economy[edit]

The Grand Strand's economy is dominated by the tourist industry, with tourism bringing in millions of dollars each year. Hotels, motels, resorts, restaurants, attractions, and retail developments exist in abundance to service visitors.

There are over 250 golf courses in and around Myrtle Beach as the golfing industry represents a significant presence in the area.

A manufacturing base produces plastic, rubber, cardboard, foam, and ceramic products usually in small scale.

Tourism[edit]

A view of the beach.

Hosting over 14.6 million visitors annually, The Grand Strand is home to an array of tourist attractions, and the area receives a large influx of visitors during the spring and summer seasons.

Myrtle Beach hosts a variety of special conventions, events, and musical concerts. The area's attractions include its beaches and many golf courses, as well as a number of amusement parks, an aquarium, an IMAX theater, retail developments and over 1,900 restaurants[14] including seafood restaurants, and a number of shopping complexes. The area also has dinner theaters, nightclubs, and many tourist shops. Myrtle Beach has an estimated 460 hotels, with many on the beachfront, and approximately 89,000 accommodation units in total. Also in the city is Myrtle Waves, one of the largest water parks on the eastern seaboard.

The Myrtle Beach Boardwalk opened in 2010 and has been recognized as the nation's #3 boardwalk by National Geographic[15] and one of the best US boardwalks by Travel + Leisure magazine.[16] Opened in May, 2011, The Myrtle Beach Skywheel features glass gondolas that look over the Atlantic Ocean. Myrtle Beach State Park, established in 1935, has just under a mile of Grand Strand beach and is a prime location for swimming, hiking, biking, and fishing.

Hotels in Myrtle Beach.

The Myrtle Beach Convention Center is a large facility that hosts an array of different meetings, conferences, exhibits, and special events every year. The expansive center, which opened in 2003, also features a Sheraton hotel and resort.

Myrtle Beach welcomed Hard Rock Park in 2008, which was themed after the popular Hard Rock Cafe chain. After financial issues, the park became Freestyle Music Park for the 2009 season. The park features attractions themed after different genres of music, such as the British Invasion. The park did not open for the 2010 season however, and is currently tied up in legal issues.

Each March since 1951 during Ontario's spring break, Myrtle Beach has hosted Canadian-American Days, also known as Can-Am Days. Tens of thousands tourists flock to the area for a week's worth of special events.[17] Myrtle Beach is also home to Coastal Uncorked, a food and wine festival held in the late spring annually. In June, recently graduated high school seniors come to Myrtle Beach for Senior Week.[18]

With numerous professional fireworks displays along the oceanfront, Myrtle Beach is recognized among the top destinations for Fourth of July travel. Priceline.com ranked Myrtle Beach among its top 20 destinations for Fourth of July in 2010.[19]

Gambling is not legal in South Carolina. However, Myrtle Beach residents and visitors have easy access to gambling by boat, which transports passengers into international waters beyond the reach of federal and state gambling laws.

Motorcycle rallies[edit]

Myrtle Beach Bike Week, also called "Harley Bike Week" is a week-long motorcycle rally that started in 1940 and attracted as many as 200,000 visitors to the city every May. Black Bike Week, founded in 1980, takes place the weekend around Memorial Day Weekend and is the largest African American motorcycle rally in the US and attracts as many as 400,000 visitors. The event was created in response to a history of discrimination against African-American visitors and riders to Myrtle Beach and the Grand Strand Area.[20][20][21][21][22]

The Myrtle Beach government created 15 new laws aimed at preventing all sanctioned motorcycle events within the city in response to controversy including accusations of racism by African-American riders during their event and complaints of lawlessness and poor behavior during all highly attended events. Several lawsuits by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) against Myrtle Beach businesses were settled with agreements that discrimination cease, compensation be given to some plaintiffs, and employees be given diversity training.[20][21][23][24] The NAACP suit against the City of Myrtle Beach was settled in 2006 without the city paying damages, but with the agreement police would use the same traffic control rules during both the black and the white motorcycle rallies.[25]

The South Carolina Supreme Court in June 2010 unanimously overturned one of the 15 ordinances, which had required all motorcyclists to wear helmets, on the grounds that the state law, requiring helmets only for riders under age 21, cannot be preempted by a city ordinance. In addition, the Court ruled, the ordinance created undue confusion, and that the city itself had invalidated their own helmet law and some other ordinances in a subsequent amendment.[26][27] The law had been challenged by a group of motorcyclists and a group of Myrtle Beach businesses called BOOST, Business Owners Organized to Support Tourism, who opposed the city's anti-motorcycle tourism policy.[26][28][29][30]

Shopping[edit]

Heroe's Harbor at Broadway at the Beach in June 2006

Myrtle Beach has many different stores and malls, is one of the largest shopping areas in the Southeastern United States, and is the largest shopping destination in South Carolina.

Education[edit]

College/post-secondary[edit]

The Myrtle Beach metro area provides following college and post-secondary schools:

Private schools[edit]

Below is a list of private schools within the city of Myrtle Beach.

  • St. Andrew's Catholic School
  • Christian Academy of Myrtle Beach
  • Carolina Bays Academy
  • Chabad Academy
  • Calvary Christian School
  • Bridgewater Academy
  • Cathedral Hall High School
  • Christian Academy
  • Life Christian Academy & Child
  • Socastee Montessori School

Communities within the Grand Strand[edit]

Horry County, South Carolina[edit]

Georgetown County, South Carolina[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Air[edit]

  • Myrtle Beach International Airport opened in 1976 and is located on the south side of town.
  • The Grand Strand Airport, located in the North Myrtle Beach area, is a single-terminal airport (CRE), serving primarily banner planes and small aircraft.
  • A private helicopter facility operated by Omniflight services Myrtle Beach and surrounding areas.

Rail[edit]

Myrtle Beach is served by the Waccamaw Coastline Railroad rail line that runs largely parallel to U.S. Route 501 between Conway and downtown Myrtle Beach. The line is owned by Horry County, but was leased in 2000 to the Carolina Southern Railroad.[32]

Carolina Southern Railroad is a short line rail operator running on less than 100 miles (160 km) of rail at a maximum speed of 10 mph (16 km/h). It transports mostly freight brought to it from national rail operators. The company makes one scheduled delivery per month into the City of Myrtle Beach.[33]

Roads[edit]

SC 31 serves as a by-pass for a majority of the Grand Strand

Within the last decade, new roads have been created to ease congestion caused by the yearly influx of visitors. Most of these roads follow the Metro Loop Road Plan[citation needed], organized in 1997 to improve the traffic flow of Myrtle Beach. Some of the roads included have either been funded through RIDE I funding or through the City of Myrtle Beach.

RIDE II plans include the third phase of S.C. Highway 31, a graded separation of Farrow Parkway and US 17 Bypass at the back gate of the former Air Force base, and many other projects. The county is currently debating where to allocate the $400 million generated through a proposed 1-cent sales tax[citation needed]. Other road projects in Horry County, including some in Aynor and Conway, will be included when voted upon.

Plans exist for Myrtle Beach to be eventually served by two interstates, Interstate 73 and Interstate 74. The Robert Edge Parkway will connect I-74 to downtown North Myrtle Beach.

Sports[edit]

Myrtle Beach is home to the Myrtle Beach Pelicans, a Carolina League baseball team and Texas Rangers farm franchise.

BB&T Coastal Field is the home field of the Myrtle Beach Pelicans and is located just off Highway 17 in Myrtle Beach. It opened in 1999 and seats 6,500 people. It is the finish point of the Bi-Lo Myrtle Beach Marathon, an athletics event held in February of each year.

BB&T Coastal Field is also home of the annual "Baseball At The Beach" collegiate baseball tournament. Hosted by Coastal Carolina University each year, the tournament pits participating NCAA Division I baseball programs in the United States.

From 1998-2009 and again starting in 2011 (no Saturday races were held in 2010), the area hosted the Bi-Lo Myrtle Beach Marathon presented by Chick-Fil-A, every February featuring (since 2004) the Friday night Royal Bank of Canada 5K and the Saturday Dasani Half Marathon and Bi-Lo Marathon (from 1998 until 2008, a relay was held but dropped because of the popularity of the other events). Marathon day draws the limit of 6,000 runners annually (2,500 full, 3,500 half) and results usually in an unusual dawn as the race starts before dawn (6:30 AM) in order to finish by 2:30 PM.

NASCAR-sanctioned Stock car racing is held at Myrtle Beach Speedway, a .538-mile (0.866 km), semi-banked, asphalt-paved oval track located on US 501. Drivers in the Late Model classes will compete (against those of Greenville-Pickens Speedway) for the South Carolina Championship in the NASCAR Whelen All-American Series. South Carolina Champions' scores will be calculated against other state and provincial champions for a continental championship.

It hosted the 2010 UOA Nationals where 8 collegiate ultimate teams from 5 conferences will be represented.

Golf[edit]

The area is home to numerous golf courses and mini-golf courses along the Grand Strand and further inland. Myrtle Beach has been called the "Golf Capital of the World"[34] because of the 120 golf courses located there, the record 4.2 million rounds played, and many miniature golf courses. 3.7 million total rounds of golf were played in 2007.[14] The majority of the area's golf courses are public. Some of the notable golf courses and/or resorts include:

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

The Grand Strand and Florence, South Carolina share a common defined market by Nielsen Media Research in Horry, Marion, Dillon, Darlington, Marlboro, Scotland, Robeson, and Florence counties.

Newspapers[edit]

The Sun News is the largest daily paper published along the Grand Strand, with a readership base extending from Georgetown, South Carolina, to Sunset Beach, North Carolina. The paper has been in existence since the 1930s and was formerly published by Knight Ridder before that company was bought by The McClatchy Company.

There are by several weekly papers, including The Weekly Surge, the Myrtle Beach Herald, and the Horry Independent. There is also an online newspaper, myrtlebeachgazette.com

References[edit]

  1. ^ Viso, Richard; McCoy, Clay; Gayes, Paul; Quafisia, Dimitri (27 February 2010). "Geological controls on submarine groundwater discharge in Long Bay, South Carolina (USA)". Continental Shelf Research 30 (3–4): 335–341. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2009.11.014. 
  2. ^ Norman Renouf (2000). The Carolinas and the Georgia Coast. ISBN 1-58843-146-0. 
  3. ^ Golden, Dan (2012-08-24). "No, that's not how the Grand Strand got its name". The Sun News. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  4. ^ Duke, Lynne (January 26, 2000). "A Blanket of White Smothers East Coast". The Washington Post. 
  5. ^ http://ww2.coastal.edu/ben/other/IndianMounds.pdf
  6. ^ Paul H. Voss: Horry County, Mind the H!, page 61, paragraph 7, 1995
  7. ^ Dr. A. Geff Bedford: The Independent Republic, a Survey History of Horry County, South Carolina, page 36, paragraph 6, 2nd edition, 1989
  8. ^ Catherine H. Lewis: "Horry County, Mind the H!", page 61, paragraph 8, 1995
  9. ^ Dr. A. Geff Bedford: The Independent Republic, a Survey History of Horry County, South Carolina, page 51, paragraph 2, 2nd edition, 1989
  10. ^ Dr. A. Geff Bedford: The Independent Republic, a Survey History of Horry County, South Carolina, page 58, paragraphs 1-3, 2nd edition, 1989.
  11. ^ Dr. A. Geff Ballard: The Independent Republic, a Survey History of Horry County, South Carolina, page 128, paragraphs 3, 2nd edition, 1989.
  12. ^ Company History | Burroughs & Chapin Company, Inc
  13. ^ a b sky-way 2007.
  14. ^ a b http://www.myrtlebeachareachamber.com/research/data_and_statistics.html
  15. ^ Anderson, Lorena (2010-07-18). "Boardwalk buoys business for Myrtle Beach". The Sun News. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  16. ^ Orcutt, April (May 2014), "America's Best Beach Boardwalks", Travel + Leisure, archived from the original on 4 September 2014, retrieved 15 October 2014 
  17. ^ Kimberly Allyson Duncan; Lisa Tomer Rentz; Janice McDonald (2008). Insiders' Guide to Myrtle Beach and the Grand Strand (9th ed.). Insiders' Guide. ISBN 978-0-7627-4407-7. 
  18. ^ Bryant, Dawn (June 13, 2002). "Senior Week: A blessing, a curse". Morning Star (Wilmington, NC). Knight Ridder. p. 7B. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  19. ^ http://www.myrtlebeach.com/blog/post/myrtle-beach-named-among-top-20-destinations-for-4th-of-july/
  20. ^ a b c Gettleman, Jeffrey (May 21, 2003), "Suit Charges Bias at Rally for Black Bikers", The New York Times: A22, retrieved 2010-01-31 
  21. ^ a b c Gettleman, Jeffrey (May 25, 2003), "Claims of Bias Cloud an American Dream for Black Bikers", The New York Times: 122, retrieved 2010-01-31 
  22. ^ Conner, M. Shelly (Fall 2009), "First-Wave Feminist Struggles in Black Motorcycle Clubs", International Journal of Motorcycle Studies, retrieved 2010-01-30 
  23. ^ Knight-Ridder/Tribune Business News (21 October 2004), "Myrtle Beach, S.C., resort hotel settles NAACP discrimination lawsuit", Sun News (Myrtle Beach, South Carolina) 
  24. ^ National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; The Crisis Publishing Co (2008), NAACP: celebrating a century : 100 years in pictures, Gibbs Smith, p. 410, ISBN 1-4236-0527-6 
  25. ^ Kruea, Mark (February 2, 2006), NAACP Offers to Settle Lawsuit (press release), The City of Myrtle Beach, retrieved 2010-04-12 
  26. ^ a b Harley, Bryan (9 June 2010), "S.C. Court Overrules Myrtle Beach Helmet Law", MotorcycleUSA.com, retrieved 2010-06-14 
  27. ^ Anderson, Lorena (June 9, 2010), "Myrtle Beach helmet law quashed; High court backs state standard", Myrtle Beach Sun News, retrieved 2010-06-14 
  28. ^ SC high court judge questions motives of MB helmet law, Columbia, South Carolina: WIS News 10 Television, 3 February 2010, retrieved 2010-02-04 
  29. ^ Fogle, Adam (4 February 2010), SC Supreme Court hears Myrtle Beach helmet law cases, retrieved 2010-02-04 [dead link]
  30. ^ Anderson, Lorena (4 February 2010), "High court hears Myrtle Beach helmet law cases; Justices grill attorneys, hold off on decisions", The Sun News, retrieved 2010-02-04 
  31. ^ Tanger Outlets at Myrtle Beach
  32. ^ Carolina Southern
  33. ^ http://carolinasouthernrailroad.com/sun_news_trains.pdf
  34. ^ Golf Capital Of The World

33°41′N 78°53′W / 33.68°N 78.88°W / 33.68; -78.88