Grand Turk (frigate)
Grand Turk, moored in Ostend, Belgium
|Owner:||Turk Phoenix Ltd.|
|Laid down:||December 1996|
|Name:||Étoile du Roy|
|Owner:||Etoile Marine Croisières|
|Port of registry:||Saint-Malo, Brittany|
Call sign: FFZA
|Status:||in active service, as of 2014[update]|
|General characteristics |
|Length:||152 ft (46 m) o/a
125 ft (38 m) deck
97 ft (30 m) w/l
|Beam:||34 ft (10 m)|
|Draught:||10 ft (3.0 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × 400 hp (298 kW) Kelvin TAS8 diesel engines
1 × 60 hp (45 kW) bow thruster
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship
Sail area 8,500 sq ft (790 m2)
|Speed:||9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) (engines)|
|Crew:||9 permanent + up to 23 volunteers|
|Armament:||6 × 9-pounder guns + 3 × 2-pounder guns|
The Grand Turk is a three-masted sixth-rate frigate, designed to represent a generic Nelson-age warship, with her design greatly inspired by HMS Blandford (1741). The ship was built in Marmaris, Turkey, in 1996 to provide a replica of a frigate for the production of the ITV series adapted from the novels about Royal Navy officer Horatio Hornblower by C. S. Forester. Nowadays the tall ship is used mainly in sailing events, for corporate or private charter, and for receptions in her spacious saloon or on her deck. In 2010 the ship was purchased by the French company Étoile Marine Croisières, based at Saint-Malo, Brittany, and since then has been renamed Étoile du Roy ("King's Star").
Construction and design
The frigate was designed by Michael Turk of Turks Shipyard Ltd. of Chatham, which was established in 1710. She was constructed of iroko planking over laminated mahogany frames. She has an overall length of 152 ft (46 m), and is 97 ft (30 m) at the waterline, with a beam of 34 ft (10 m) and a draught of 10 ft (3.0 m). The frigate is square-rigged on three masts with a sail area of 8,500 sq ft (790 m2), and has two 400 hp (298 kW) Kelvin TAS8 diesel engines, and a 60 hp (45 kW) bow thruster, as well as four AC generators for electrical power.
The ship was originally fitted with six 9-pounder replica cannons constructed by the naval dockyard of Sevastopol, Ukraine. These guns consisted of a high tensile steel tube encased in moulded alloy to resemble the original weapons, and were designed only to fire 400 g (14 oz) black powder charges. On 24 August 2001 a crew member was injured after a premature detonation during the firing of a gun, while the ship was taking part in the International Festival of the Sea at Portsmouth. The Marine Accident Investigation Branch were obliged to consult the Keeper of Artillery from the Royal Armouries museum for technical assistance and advice.
The Grand Turk is familiar as a stand in for HMS Indefatigable in the TV series Hornblower, although the historical Indefatigable was a larger ship. She also served in the same TV series as the French ship Papillon. On 28 June 2005 she stood in for HMS Victory, Nelson's flagship at the International Fleet Review off Portsmouth (GB), commemorating the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar.
Film and TV credits
- Hornblower, 1998-2003.
- Longitude, 2000.
- Monsieur N., 2003.
- To the Ends of the Earth, 2005.
- Crusoe, 2008.
- Michiel de Ruyter, 2015.
The frigate was purchased by Bob Escoffier of the Étoile Marine Croisières, which already operates a number of traditional sailing ships: Étoile de France, Étoile Molène, Étoile Polaire, Naire Maove et' and the schooner-aviso Recouvrance in Brest (in partnership with its owner, the SOPAB). The final sale price was not disclosed.
- HMS Surprise - Replica of HMS Rose (1757), built in 1970.
- Ship replica (including a list of ship replicas)
- "Grand Turk accident investigation report". Marine Accident Investigation Branch. April 2002. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- "Étoile du Roy Details and Current Position". marinetraffic.com. 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- "Grand Turk, Replica Frigate, Specifications". easternyachts.com. 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- A British Vessel is now a French Pirate Ship! - The Etoile du Roy of St Malo (Channel France Online Magazine website)
- "About Turks". turks.co.uk. 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
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