Grand coalition (Italy)
|Prime Minister||Matteo Renzi
|Founded||28 April 2013|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Politics of Italy
The Grand coalition (Italian: Grande coalizione), also known as Government of broad agreements (Italian: Governo di larghe intese), is a political coalition in Italy formed on 28 April 2013 in support of the government of Enrico Letta and later continued with the government led by Matteo Renzi.
Letta, a member of the Democratic Party, led a supermajority government, one of the largest in the history of the Italian Republic, but lost the support of the centre-right People of Freedom (PdL), its main coalition partner, endured at Palazzo Chigi thanks to the support of a group of splinters from the PdL who formed New Centre-Right (NCD) and finally resigned on 14 February 2014 amid tensions in his own party. On 22 February Renzi was sworn in as Prime Minister at the head of a government supported by the same majority of the previous government.
The Renzi Cabinet currently comprises the following parties:
- Democratic Party (Partito Democratico - PD, social-democratic and Christian left), led by Matteo Renzi;
- New Centre-Right (Nuovo Centrodestra - NCD, Christian-democratic and social conservative), led by Angelino Alfano;
- Civic Choice (Scelta Civica - SC, liberal), led by Stefania Giannini;
- Union of the Centre (Union di Centro - UdC, Christian-democratic), led by Pier Ferdinando Casini;
||This section may stray from the topic of the article into the topic of another article, Letta Cabinet. (February 2014)|
||This section may stray from the topic of the article into the topic of another article, Renzi Cabinet. (February 2014)|
On 24 April 2013, the Vice-Secretary of the Democratic Party Enrico Letta was invited to form a government by President Giorgio Napolitano, after the resignation of Pier Luigi Bersani following weeks of political deadlock following the 2013 general election. On 27 April Letta formally accepted the task of leading a grand coalition, with support from the centre-left Democratic Party (of which he stays Deputy Secretary), the centre-right People of Freedom, and the centrist Civic Choice, and subsequently listed the members of his Cabinet. The government he formed became the first in the history of the Republic to include representatives of all the major candidate-coalitions that had competed the election. His close relationship with his uncle Gianni Letta, one of Silvio Berlusconi's most trusted advisors, was perceived as a way of overcoming the bitter hostility between the two opposing camps. Letta appointed Angelino Alfano, secretary of the People of Freedom, as his Deputy Prime Minister. He was formally sworn-in as Prime Minister on 28 April; during the ceremony, a man fired shots outside Palazzo Chigi and wounded two Carabinieri.
On November 2013 Silvio Berlusconi announced the reborn of Forza Italia, in opposition to the government. A group of more than sixty deputies of PdL, led by the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior Angelino Alfano, founded on 17 November a political force named New Centre-Right in support of Letta Cabinet.
On 14 February 2014 following tensions in the Democratic Party, Enrico Letta resigned as Prime Minister and Renzi formally received the task of forming a new government from President Giorgio Napolitano on February 17 2014. After several days of talks with party leaders, Renzi unveiled his Cabinet on 21 February, which contained members of his Democratic Party, the New Centre-Right and Civic Choice. The following day he was sworn in as Prime Minister, becoming the youngest Prime Minister in the history of Italy.
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- "Bridge-builder Enrico Letta seals Silvio Berlusconi deal". The Australian. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- "New Italian 'grand coalition' government sworn in". BBC News. 28 April 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- "39 Year Old Matteo Renzi becomes Youngest Italian Prime Minister". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- "Sondaggi, Matteo Renzi non-fa boom" (in Italian). Giornalettismo.com. 20 January 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.