Grange, County Sligo

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Grange
An Ghráinseach
Town
Grange is located in Ireland
Grange
Grange
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 54°24′00″N 8°31′00″W / 54.4000°N 8.5167°W / 54.4000; -8.5167Coordinates: 54°24′00″N 8°31′00″W / 54.4000°N 8.5167°W / 54.4000; -8.5167
Country Ireland
Province Connacht
County County Sligo
Elevation 28 m (92 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Urban 578
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)
Irish Grid Reference G664502
Grange's Main Street in 2009 - many of the businesses in the picture have since shut down as the full effects of the recession have decimated the village
The sand dunes of Streedagh and snow on Ben Bulben

Grange (Irish: An Ghráinseach, meaning "The Granary") is a village on the N15 national primary road in County Sligo, Ireland. Located in a scenic area between Ben Bulben mountain and the Atlantic Ocean. Streedagh a townland near Grange, is the location of a large sandy beach, three Armada wrecks and a salt water lagoon that is an area of Special Conservation. Streedagh strand is also a popular surfing destination.

A short distance to the north are the towns of Ballyshannon - and Bundoran, a seaside resort and surfers' paradise. To the south are Drumcliff, burial place of poet and Nobel laureate W. B. Yeats, and Sligo town.


History[edit]

The old village is on the hill to the north of the present village. Grange developed on land belonging to the Cistercian monastery of Boyle in County Roscommon. Grange village was a stronghold of the O’Harte and O’Connor families throughout the Medieval period. The O'Hartes provided cavalry for the O'Connor Sligo Lords of Carbury-Drumcliff.

A castle once stood near the centre of the present village.The Annals of Ireland record that in 1604 a ‘new castle and 7 cottages were built by Hugh O’Hart in the town of Grange, Co. Sligo.’"[1]

Three Spanish Armada transport ships - La Lavia, La Juliana and the Santa Maria de Vison - were lost off Streedagh strand in 1588,[2] an event commemorated by a monument close to the beach. One of the survivors, Captain Francisco de Cuéllar, recorded the events of the time in detail. He documents his shipwreck at Streedagh, the subsequent events ashore, and his attempts to find hospitality from local chieftains (O'Rourke and McClancy) in the then English garrisoned North Sligo, as he made his way back to Spain via Antrim and Scotland.

After the 1641 rebellion the land was granted to Thomas Soden. Col. W. Wood-Martin, the Irish historian, writes that Thomas Soden was probably an officer in Col. Richard Coote's Regiment of Horse, one of the Cromwellian regiments disbanded in the County of Sligo, and that he received for arrears of pay, a grant of the town, townland and castle of Grange, County Sligo,) (nine miles North of the City of Sligo on the road to Bundoran) April 13, 1668, under the 'Act of Settlement'."[3]

Lola Montez[edit]

Grange is the birthplace of Lola Montez - dancer, courtesan and mistress of King Ludwig I of Bavaria.[4][5]

Born Eliza Rosanna Gilbert in Sligo, Lola caught the eye of Bavaria's King Ludwig I in 1846 by claiming to be an exotic dancer from Spain. Although married, the king took up with the girl from Grange, even making her the duchess of Landsfeld. Bavarian citizens put up with their king's cavorting, but their patience snapped when his courtesan began meddling in state affairs. Ludwig was forced to abdicate and Lola had to flee. She never saw him again, but she remained a duchess.


Modern History[edit]

Businessman Tom Gilmartin grew up on a small farm nearby.[6]

In 2012 Grange was briefly featured in the national news when someone discovered early 20th century Mills type 36 grenades at a private residence in the village. An army team descended on the locale and exploded the grenades.[7] Grange then made national news in August that year when local farmer Brian Barber had 105 of his herd of sheep stolen in one swoop. The sheep were Cheviots and Mayo horned ewes combined, and a number of red markings were reported on each.[8]

Amenities[edit]

There are two schools in the village, a Roman Catholic church and church hall, (the local Roman Catholic priest is Fr. Christy McHugh, who has replaced the Very Rev Cyril Haran in recent years.[9])post office, hardware store, laundrette, tile and bathroom store, tap store, barber shop, beautician and others. Among the pubs scattered throughout and around the village are Barry's, Lang's, Moran's, Waters's [10]

Two shops are located in the vicinity; SuperValu is the main store in the village, and Londis is located at the Texaco petrol station just outside the village.

Food is served at three locations in the area: Lang's Bar and Restaurant has more recently been joined by Chinese restaurant The Emperor, and Riva fast food restaurant and takeaway outlet. Wheeler's, another restaurant, was hit by the recession and is no more.

Sport & Leisure[edit]

North Sligo Sports Complex is located in the village. The complex has an indoor soccer pitch, also used for badminton and basketball. There is a squash court, racquetball court and changing room facilities and meeting room in the complex. Outside the complex there is a running track, where North Sligo Athletic Club meet (as well as at Oxfield Sports Centre), a grass soccer pitch and an all weather soccer pitch. There was also a community park, now converted to a playground. At the north end of the village is a pitch, Molaise Park, where local Gaelic football teams train and play. The local GAA club celebrated its centenary in 2007.[11]


Development[edit]

During the late 1990s and early 2000s the village experienced a period of rapid expansion. The population quickly grew - eventually exceeding 100 people - and the number of houses and businesses increased into double figures, leaving a legacy of ghost estates, unemployment and badly structured transport links.[12]

In August 2012 the road going through the village had some work done on it, prompting serious traffic delays, numerous angry motorists and media coverage.[13]

The village has no resident Gardaí but is served by Sligo Town Gardaí.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ url=http://www.sligoheritage.com/archhistoryGrangVillage.htm
  2. ^ Flanagan, L (1988). Ireland's Armada Legacy p30, Sutton Publishing Ltd.
  3. ^ "The Ancestors of Caleb Soden," John Voorhis Soden, 1914, url=http://www.bookofsoden.com/calebsoden.htm citing: "Book of Survey and Distribution for Leitrim, Sligo and Tyrawley, marked I.C. 1-20. (See, also, "The Irish and Anglo-Irish Landed Gentry", by John O'Hart, published by M. H. Gill & Son, 50 Upper Sackville St., Dublin, 1884; also pages 106 and 280 of Vol. II of the "History of Sligo, 1601-1688", by Col. W. Wood-Martin".)
  4. ^ "Her name was Lola". RTÉ Television. Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 
  5. ^ Scally, Derek (25 August 2012). "From Fassbender to King Friedrich: the love affair between Germany and Ireland". The Irish Times (Irish Times Trust). Retrieved 25 August 2012. "Fassbender has brought sexy back to German-Irish relations, something sorely lacking since the days of Lola Montez." 
  6. ^ "Great debt of gratitude owed to Sligo man Tom Gilmartin". Sligo Today. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "20th century grenades discovered in Sligo". RTÉ News (Raidió Teilifís Éireann). 17 January 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  8. ^ Clancy, Paddy (14 August 2012). "Appeal for help in finding 105 sheep taken from a field in Co Sligo". The Irish Times (Irish Times Trust). Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Priest Listing". Elphin Diocese. 
  10. ^ Guidera, Anita (14 March 2005). "Truck driver lucky to be alive after crashing into pub". Irish Independent (Independent News & Media). Retrieved 14 March 2005. 
  11. ^ "Sligo: Final fever hits Grange". The Irish Emigrant. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007. "The village of Grange, where the local GAA club is celebrating its centenary this year, has been hit by Final fever on two counts this week." 
  12. ^ "Mixed development of 93 homes for Grange, Sligo". Irish Independent (Independent News & Media). 29 June 2001. Retrieved 29 June 2001. 
  13. ^ "Major Upgrade Programme Nears Completion". Build.ie. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012.